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Di Cleverly (Live Outrageously)
I'd love to know you better! Engage with me!
I'd love to know you better! Engage with me!
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I thought I noticed a difference, so I did a small study, ran some stats, and wrote it up.

Women smile non-Duchenne smiles significantly more when using the Google Arts and Culture App, but the percentage of “authentic” smiles was similar between men and women.
by Diane Cleverley, PhD

Objective: To examine gender differences in selfies posted by males and females on Social Media (Twitter, Google Plus and Instagram), using the Google Arts and Culture App in smiles.

Materials and Methods:
Using the hashtag identifier “Google Arts and Culture App”, I analyzed 352 selfies posted on the social media sites Twitter, Google Plus and Instagram for the presence of the following:
Neutral Smile, Duchenne Smile (presence of AU6 marker, AU 12C, AU 25D), and non-Duchenne Smile (AU 12C, and AU 25D only), as defined by Bogodistov and Dost, 2017.
Individuals making exaggerated comical expressions, anyone whose gender was not clearly identified on profile, and infants and toddlers were excluded. No identifying data was collected beyond that reported here.

Results:
Demographics:
It was a US only sample population by nature of the app (excluding Texas). The subjects were most often in their home environment and not in a social setting, and not with other individuals.
The total number of selfies analyzed was 352, which included 146 men and 284 women.

Chi square analysis shows the difference between neutral and non-Duchenne expressions in selfies to be statistically significant (p<0.01), with men favoring neutral expressions, and women favoring non-Duchenne expressions.
There was no significant difference between men and women for Duchenne expressions in selfies posted.

Discussion:
This small retrospective survey of the selfies subjects posted on social media shows a significant difference in the quality of smiles in the subjects. The individuals were using the app to compare their own likenesses to that of portraits in Museums, and the app included a “share” button, so there was opportunity to post on social media, and the user knew ahead of time this was an option. Of most interest was the disparity between non-Duchenne smiles and neutral faces in men and women, with men favoring neutral faces, and women favoring non-Duchenne, or half-smiles. A study by Tracy and Beall, 2011, surveyed 1,000 participants and concluded that while smiling is attractive in women, it is less attractive in men. However, the qualities of the smiles were not analyzed. A confounding factor of that study could be the human brain’s ability to decode the emotional impact of a “authentic” Duchenne smile from a non-Duchenne smile. Bogodistov and Dost demonstrate that non-Duchenne smiles are associated with a perception of psychological distance (ie, coldness, politeness, rather than true warmth), compared with Duchenne smiles. Of even more interest, the percentage of Duchenne smiles was low in both men and women, merely 1 in 5 maximum. Gunnery and Rubin, 2014 performed a meta-analysis that found that Duchenne smiles are associated with trustworthiness and likeability.
Limitations of this survey are numerous. The sample is far from random and not representative of the population at large, and doesn’t include age or ethnicity data. It is not a prospective or blinded study. It does however, show an interesting disparity that could be further investigated in a more structured trial.
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I posted yesterday on Twitter, but for you folks here...
You can see the top 3 matches.
This one is a dead ringer for my Mom, who was a nurse, and wore her hair this way.
Also, I tried to do my cat. It didn't work.
LMAO.
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I'm loving the Google Arts and Culture app.
At the end of this article are some great quotes from MM.

"We are all of us stars and we deserve to twinkle"
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Lol, this was fun.
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Super interesting find in Egypt.
The possible origins of our universe come to us in the most unassuming form. Small pebbles, which hold some fairly unique characteristics: very little silicon, polyaromatic hydrocarbons, and pure aluminum chunks, as well other rare minerals.
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Dead man tweeting?

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Apple warns the iPhones, iPads and Macs from SPECTRE could have security breaches.

What was their first clue?

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Spoiler alert:
It was actually squirrels.
In NJ, squirrels are gangsta.
Don't mess with them.
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