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Deeksha Tare
Works at National Institute of Virology
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Deeksha Tare

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It's amazing.... how poetry seems to grow on you. Every time I read a piece of poetry, or the lyrics of a song, I can't help but find a new hidden meaning.  The most surprising thing is that this might happen even when I have...
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Thanks +Thex Dar​! :)
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Blast from the past
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Happy 66th Republic day to all fellow Indians!

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#fairytale ! Good morning! ☺
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Yes, sorry 1 lucky girl. but the math is the same.
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Day 4 of 5 Mundane randomness!

Couldn't post anything yesterday but now making up for it! Here are some random pictures for my fourth day of the #fivedayquest !

The sky, some #labmischief , and around the house! Tracing back my hectic day from evening to morning.

+Biprajit Das had tagged me to play the #5dayquest .
I wish to pass on the five day bug to +Gnotic Pasta, +Rajini Rao, +Kawthar A, +Thomas Kang, +Zee L, +Rahul Joshi, +Jyoti Q Dahiya and +Thex Dar today, if they have not played this game already. Missing you incorrigibles!! 
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Yes! Hot Roti with ghee and salt rolled! :)
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Day 1 of 5 My #fivedayquest !

Lord Ganesha- The God of beginnings!

+Biprajit Das, Better late than never!
I start my five day quest with a picture of the Ganesha idol of this year's 'Ganeshotsav' at home!

I tag +Totto Pastime to pass on the five day bug! Would love to see the world around you Totto! 
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Hehe! Thanks :)
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Deeksha Tare

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Follow +Quora on Google+ for some of the most amazing answers posted on Quora!

Join Quora. :)

- Yet another #quoraaddict  
Quora: The best answer to any question.
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" If not for a virus, none of us would ever be born "

Yes! You're not misreading anything. 

The story of the 'Human Placental Virus'

There was a virus, happy and thriving inside its host. 
It had DNA, its genome, and a pretty good life to boast!
Now in order to reproduce and to complete the cycle of life,
It made a protein Syncytin inside the host, rife.

Sycytin helped the virus, very well you see,
It fused with the host's membrane so together they'd be!
Multiplying away to glory, viruses- ever so sleazy <_<
Sycytin was rockin' making their 'life' easy!

Around came evolution, waving its magic wand
The virus and the host cell? Immortal became their bond!!
The virus lost its identity now, its genome was one
With the primate host's DNA, they integrated for fun!

When the host bore young ones, placenta was made
Through the one cell thick placenta, nutrients came to its aid!
This happened long long ago, before the world as we know it,
We owe our birth to a Virus, seems ridiculous but have to admit!

Scientists have discovered two forms of the protein Syncytin

Syncytin 1
♦ Helps the zygote fuse with the uterus wall- in the formation of the placenta.
♦ Formation of the syncytiotrophoblast, which is a one cell thick layer, enabling the exchange of nutrients with the mother.

Syncytin 2
♦ Helps the mother's immune system to tolerate the baby and not treat it as a foreign tissue.

This gene bears all the hallmarks of a virus. It is speculated that it got internalized in the early primate ancestors as it is found in Gorillas and Chimpanzees too! The function of this gene was favored along the course of natural selection. 

Information source: This awesome post by
Further reading: (not open access, sadly)

#Viromania  resumes! Also reviving #virtuousvirology

An overdue post for +ScienceSunday co-curated by +Robby Bowles , +Allison Sekuler+Rajini Rao+Chad Haney, +Buddhini Samarasinghe, +Aubrey McIntosh and +Carissa Braun  I apologize for having disappeared from G+ altogether! _
A lot has been going on lately! But I'm glad that I overcame my writer's block finally! O_O

I have been wanting to post about the Human Placental Virus for months, it feels great to have finally shared this with you all! Would keep you posted!

Image source:
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Day 5 of 5 Happy Teachers' Day!!

5th September is celebrated as #teachersday in India.

As the fifth and final post in my #fivedayquest I share with you these pictures of the cards which my mom received from her students! ☺ (super cool isn't it!)

I thank +Biprajit Das for introducing me to this wonderful game.

Today I would like to tag +Siromi Samarasinghe ! Happy Teachers' day to you +Siromi Samarasinghe! Please do share with us your pictures for the #5dayquest if possible.

This was great fun! I'm looking forward to posting here more often. 
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Looking forward to it +Siromi Samarasinghe :)
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Day 3 of 5  Lingering fragrance...

I wish I could share the beautiful sweet fragrance with you all... These are my favorite flowers!
These are the Parijat, Prajakta, or Shiuli flowers. (Scientific name Nyctanthes arbor-tristis). This is the official flower of the Indian state of West Bengal.

I remember having this tree in the garden in our old house. The fragrance brings back some fond childhood memories. :)

They also remind me of the tender verse by Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore which we learnt in school...
I cannot remember my mother,
only sometime in the midst of my play
a tune seems to hover over my playthings,
the tune of some song that she used to hum while rocking my cradle.
I cannot remember my mother,
but when in the early autumn morning
the smell of the shiuli flowers floats in the air,
the scent of the morning service in the temple comes to me as the
scent of my mother.
I cannot remember my mother,
only when from my bedroom window I send my eyes into the blue of
the distant sky,
I feel that the stillness of my mother's gaze on my face
has spread all over the sky.

The parijat flowers spread happiness in their short lifespan... You pluck them and they wilt in a short time. 

It is true what they say... we have so much to learn from mother nature! 

This is my third post for the #fivedayquest  !

Here are the rules of the game :

1. Share one picture from your daily life for five days.
2. Mention the person who tagged you. +Biprajit Das , I'm sure you're gonna love this one! :) 
3. Tag at least one new person if you can to play the game. 
+kaushik inamdar Come on Kau! It's high time you started posting on G+!
+manish kumar +Aida Hazlan +Mara Rose , I would love to see the world around you! :)
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+Buddhini Samarasinghe  In Maharashtra, where I come from, these flowers have special significance. These usually represent delicate (due to delicate nature of the flowers, perhaps) feelings of love and worship.
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Deeksha Tare

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Ebola Ready Reckoner 
In times of an outbreak, panic and hype surround the disease. Read on to differentiate fact from fiction. 

What is Ebolavirus?
It is a genus containing the following species
Bundibugyo ebolavirus
Reston ebolavirus 
Sudan ebolavirus
Tai Forest ebolavirus 
Zaire ebolavirus (

These are RNA viruses causing hemorrhagic fever ( Symptoms appear 8-10 days after contracting the disease and include fever, sore throat, muscle pain, and headaches. Typically nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea follow, along with decreased functioning of the liver, kidneys and in some cases with internal and external bleeding. 

How does one get infected
As many virus diseases (HIV, for example) this disease too has come to infect humans through primates. However, the reservoir for the viruses are thought to be bats in the African jungles. 
Close contact with body fluids (blood, vomit, saliva, etc.) of an infected person/animal is responsible for the spread of this disease.

♦  Debunking some Ebola myths 

1. Ebola spreads through air
No. Except the Reston ebolavirus none of the othe species are spread via aerosols (droplets in the air). Reston is shed in the form of droplets only by pigs. If you're exposed to a pig infected by this strain, the chances of you dying are slim. The disease causing capability of this particular strain is not good enough to kill.

In fact, as +Tara C. Smith mentioned in a G+ HOA (see link below) according to Prof Peter Piot (the scientist who discovered ebola) even if you are sitting next to an ebola infected individual on the subway, you might not get infection. Only close contact with infected body fluids leads to an infection.

2. _ This is the Zombie Apocalyspe_
No, it's not. And though we must all be alert and vigilant, we should not panic! If contained, this disease can be controlled. Please help in spreading awareness in your community about the prevention strategies. Once we understand the science behind it, everything falls into perspective. 

3. The ebola patients in the US are being treated by some secret serum
The serum is not a secret panacea developed exclusively for US citizens. And neither is it some devil concoction. The serum is a cocktail of antibodies raised in laboratory animals (in Biosafety level 4 laboratories). Please listen to +Vincent Racaniello's (Earth's Virology Professor) take on this aspect in the hangout. As he says, scientists are not a part of any conspiracy. They are doing their job. The benefit of the community is the bottomline for all research.

Spread awareness and not rumors!

Following are some very useful links:

This week in virology episode 'Ebola! Don’t panic'. Listen to +Vincent Racaniello and friends discussing Ebola. 
(You can also find some cool links on this page)

+Science on Google+ 's hangout on air 'Explaining Ebola' featuring Prof +Vincent Racaniello and Dr +Tara C. Smith
(a must watch for all!)

“Is Ebola virus going to kill me?”
(an article by +John Skylar that explains it all, came across this article through TWiV)

Some of my previous posts about Ebola
Interview with Prof Peter Piot
The Hunt for Ebola
Ebola Strikes Uganda yet again
What the virus looks like

Picture source: ViralZone

#ScienceEveryday   #viromania   #ebolaoutbreak  
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The drug given to Americans was "ZMapp"  which worked effectively for the patients and they were released from hospital and were declared cured. But it's not sure whether they were cured because of the drug or the extensive care given to them and immune response.

Personally, I don't think there is a need to panic Ebola spread this much because it was at the right place at right time. 

Moreover,it isn't smart as HIV so there will be a cure soon.Many drugs are in clinical trail phases.
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Basic Information
Going Viral !!!
Virologist in the Making 

I treat Science, more like an Art! 

I love posting about viruses! 

Those who have circled me or wish to circle me, please leave a small introduction in the comments section here:

I am always eager to learn and am super-curious!
Click on the hashtag #viromania to read my virology related posts!

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Project intern, National Institute of Virology
  • National Institute of Virology
    Junior Research Fellow, 2014 - present