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David Wiley
3,156 followers -
increasing access to educational opportunity
increasing access to educational opportunity

3,156 followers
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David Wiley commented on a post on Blogger.
Phil, great story. And zero surprise if you understand the workings of the market.

Printed books are things a person can own and to which the First Sale doctrine applies:

"The first-sale doctrine creates a basic exception to the copyright holder's distribution right. Once the work is lawfully sold or even transferred gratuitously, the copyright owner's interest in the material object in which the copyrighted work is embodied is exhausted. The owner of the material object can then dispose of it as he sees fit. Thus, one who buys a copy of a book is entitled to resell it, rent it, give it away, or destroy it. However, the owner of the copy of the book will not be able to make new copies of the book because the first-sale doctrine does not limit copyright owner's reproduction right. The rationale of the doctrine is to prevent the copyright owner from restraining the free alienability of goods. Without the doctrine, a possessor of a copy of a copyrighted work would have to negotiate with the copyright owner every time he wished to dispose of his copy. After the initial transfer of ownership of a legal copy of a copyrighted work, the first-sale doctrine exhausts copyright holder's right to control how ownership of that copy can be disposed of. For this reason, this doctrine is also referred to as the "exhaustion rule." (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First-sale_doctrine)

Publishers only control the price the initial sale of a printed book. When the new owner goes to sell it back, or rent it, or dispose of it in any other way, the new owner determines the pricing - not the publisher.

However, in digital land things are different. Publishers have worked hard to establish a licensing norm and copyright regime that insures that you never own any digital products - you simply license access to them. When the semester is over, there is nothing you own that you can resell to someone else - your password just stops working or your book deletes itself from your device, etc. (Some publishers provide "forever access," but this is not ownership and does not enable secondary markets.)

By waging an active war on ownership of private property in the digital resources space, publishers insure there is no First Sale, which prevents any secondary market from emerging. This allows publishers to control the pricing of each and every transaction on digital, which guarantees that prices on commercial digital materials will always be higher than the prices on used physical materials (which includes rentals). Because in digital land, there is no "used."

In terms of cost, the following relationships will generally be true:

printed commercial materials (new) > digital commercial materials > printed commercial materials (used) > OER

 

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Love it!

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David Wiley commented on a post on Blogger.
Will these GEMs be openly licensed? Will they provide an open foundation / infrastructure for people to build new educational experiences or innovations upon? Or will they licensed encumbered in a way that will make them difficult or expensive for people to build on?

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David Wiley commented on a post on Blogger.
This functionality was first available on Degreed.com, and their implementation is even better than LinkedIn's.

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David Wiley hung out with 3 people. <a class='ot-hashtag' href='https://plus.google.com/s/%23hangoutsonair'>#hangoutsonair</a>David Blake, Richard Culatta, and Todd Manwaring

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David Wiley hung out with 2 people. <a class='ot-hashtag' href='https://plus.google.com/s/%23hangoutsonair'>#hangoutsonair</a>Richard Culatta and Aaron Miller

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David Wiley hung out. <a class='ot-hashtag' href='https://plus.google.com/s/%23hangoutsonair'>#hangoutsonair</a>

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David Wiley hung out with 1 person. <a class='ot-hashtag' href='https://plus.google.com/s/%23hangoutsonair'>#hangoutsonair</a>Richard Culatta
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