The genome of the red clover has been sequenced and assembled to help breeders improve the beneficial traits of this important forage crop.
Scientists at in collaboration with the Institute of Biological, Environmental and Rural Sciences (IBERS), published the genome in Scientific Reports.
Before industrial nitrogen fertiliser production red clover and other legume crops were essential in crop rotation, improving soil fertility. Legumes boost soil nitrate fertility by assimilating nitrogen from the air, recruiting soil bacteria to help – this is considerably more eco-friendly than the equivalent industrial process.
Now environmental concerns and climate change mitigation is putting red clover back in the spotlight. This requires genetic improvements to help boost its performance.
Read more: http://www.bbsrc.ac.uk/news/food-security/2015/151130-pr-clover-red-genome-help-sustainable-farming/