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Daniel Montesinos
Works at Web Ecology
Attended Universitat de València
Lives in Coimbra, Portugal
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Daniel Montesinos

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According to this statistic, I am going to be the next Nobel prize ;)

http://www.sciencealert.com/these-8-papers-were-rejected-before-going-on-to-win-the-nobel-prize
As a scientist, there are few things more soul-crushing than spending months or years working on a paper, only to have it rejected by your journal of choice - especially when you really feel like you're onto something important.
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Two invasive acacia species secure generalist pollinators in invaded communities

Exotic entomophilous plants need to establish effective pollinator interactions in order to succeed after being introduced into a new community, particularly if they are obligatory outbreeders. By establishing these novel interactions in the new non-native range, invasive plants are hypothesized to drive changes in the composition and functioning of the native pollinator community, with potential impacts on the pollination biology of native co-flowering plants.

In this study, we used two different sites in Portugal, each invaded by a different acacia species, to assess whether two native Australian trees, Acacia dealbata and Acacia longifolia, were able to recruit pollinators in Portugal, and whether the pollinator community visiting acacia trees differed from the pollinator communities interacting with native co-flowering plants.

Our results indicate that in the invaded range of Portugal both acacia species were able to establish novel mutualistic interactions, predominantly with generalist pollinators. For each of the two studied sites, only two other co-occurring native plant species presented partially overlapping phenologies. We observed significant differences in pollinator richness and visitation rates among native and non-native plant species, although the study of b diversity indicated that only the native plant Lithodora fruticosa presented a differentiated set of pollinator species. Acacias experienced a large number of visits by numerous pollinator species, but massive acacia flowering resulted in flower visitation rates frequently lower than those of the native co-flowering species.

The establishment of mutualisms in Portugal likely contributes to the effective and profuse production of acacia seeds in Portugal. Despite the massive flowering of A. dealbata and A. longifolia, native plant species attained similar or higher visitation rates than acacias.


Link to free pdf: http://authors.elsevier.com/a/1TE0O,Q4YJBumi

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Modeling the relative importance of ecological factors in exotic invasion: The origin of competitors matters, but disturbance in the non-native range tips the balance

• Evaluation of the relative importance of different mechanisms involved in invasions.
• Plants from populations in the non-native range performed better in most scenarios.
• Greater reproductive capacity of non-native C. solstitialis favored invasion.
• Disturbance favored C. solstitialis, predominantly in the non-native region.
• Biogeographic differences were not manifest without disturbance.

Successful exotic plant invasions are likely to be caused by multiple, non-mutually exclusive mechanisms, and it is exceptionally difficult to weight the relative importance of these mechanisms identified in different experiments.

To this end we used individual-based models to explore how integrating empirical results from experiments might help to elucidate the relative importance of seed origin, biogeographic differences in competitive outcomes, and disturbance in exotic plant invasion.

We integrated results from (1) competition experiments between Centaurea solstitialis derived from populations in the non-native range (California), the native range (Spain), and co-occurring native species from both ranges, (2) seed production by Centaurea plants from the different ranges grown in a common-garden environment, and (3) responses to disturbance experiments with plants from different native and non-native ranges.

Californian C. solstitialis reached slightly higher abundances than its Spanish counterparts in every scenario, mainly due to higher seed production of Californians than their Spanish conspecifics, indicating the potential importance of evolutionary changes in the non-native range. In the absence of disturbance, grass species native to Europe showed stronger competitive effects on C. solstitialis than grass species native to North America, suggesting that release from competition in the native range may have some explanatory power for successful C. solstitialis invasion.

However, the intensity of competition depended on the disturbance regime used in models. When intense disturbance was incorporated into the model, C. solstitialis was favored, with plants from Californian seed sources reaching higher densities than plants from Spanish seed sources. Our results are consistent with the idea that disproportional positive responses to disturbance in California, relative to those in the invader's native range of Spain, may be an important factor in the dominance of C. solstitialis in its non-native ranges.

It is not clear why disturbance would have more beneficial effects on the invader in its non-native range, but the powerful effects of disturbance appear to interact in subtle ways with biogeographic differences in evolutionary trends, competitive intensities, life histories, and reproductive rates.

Free download: http://authors.elsevier.com/a/1T5UI15DJ~lvQu
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How Sci-Hub disrupted the scientific editorial business model

Technology is disrupting many business models (think Uber, AirBnB, Spotify), and scientific publications are next. But this time no one is making a profit. This time the scientists are the ones benefiting, at least for now.

I am guessing that at some point universities will just refuse to pay access fees, and then all editorials will have to go full Open Access. Editorials are in fact already transitioning, but keep both pay-per-view and Open Access articles within the same journal in an attempt to keep both income sources for as long as they can. When access fees are over, we'll have to fight the next battle: reasonable publication fees.

“A lawsuit isn’t going to stop it (Sci-Hub), nor is there any obvious technical means. Everyone should be thinking about the fact that this is here to stay.”

"It is easy to understand why journal publishers might see Sci-Hub as a threat. It is as simple to use as Google’s search engine, and as long as you know the DOI or title of a paper, it is more reliable for finding the full text."

"Many users can access the same papers through their libraries but turn to Sci-Hub instead—for convenience rather than necessity"

"The flow of Sci-Hub activity over time reflects the working lives of researchers, growing over the course of each day and then ebbing—but never stopping—as night falls."

And don't miss the opportunity to zoom into your town and see how many people is using Sci-Hub (i.e. everyone).

http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2016/04/whos-downloading-pirated-papers-everyone
An exclusive look at data from the controversial web site Sci-Hub reveals that the whole world, both poor and rich, is reading pirated research papers.
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Your poster doesn’t need an abstract–it is an abstract

"Your poster’s introduction can just be a bullet point. Maybe two or three. “Here’s my question” is one bullet. “Here’s why that question is worth asking” is maybe a couple of bullets. Same for your methods: typically, a few bullets is all you need, especially if you also have a picture of whatever it is you did. Your results should just be big figures, with the figure title or some other clear labeling conveying the big take-home message of each figure. Your discussion/conclusions can just be a few bullets too. Text on a poster is like minimalist flower arranging: put all the flowers in the vase that you think should be there, then take most of them away."

https://dynamicecology.wordpress.com/2016/03/22/the-one-big-mistake-almost-every-scientific-poster-makes/
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Impact Factor still fares well when compared to more sophisticated metrics

"Network-based citation analysis can help us more closely measure scientific influence. However, the process is complex, not easily replicable, harder to describe and, for most journals, gives us the same result as much simpler methods. Even if not widely adopted for reporting purposes, the Eigenfactor and SJR may be used for detection purposes, such as identifying citation cartels and other forms of citation collusion that are very difficult to detect using traditional counting methods, but may become highly visible using network-based analysis."

https://scholarlykitchen.sspnet.org/2015/07/28/network-based-citation-metrics-eigenfactor-vs-sjr/

#ImpactFactor #JournalCitationRecords #Metrics #PublicationImpact
Can network-based metrics allow us to separate true scientific influence from mere popularity?
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Journal peer-review explained. The author's perspective. #Humor
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Daniel Montesinos

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Polyploidization decreases time lag between introduction and escape of alien plants http://www.web-ecol.net/12/1/2012/

The time between introduction of an alien species and escape from cultivation shows considerable variation among species. One hypothesis to explain this variation of the time lag invokes the evolution of genotypes adapted to the conditions of the new environment. Here, we analyse the variation in time lags among 53 alien woody plant species in Germany. Accounting for the effects of time since introduction, growth form (trees versus shrubs), biogeography and taxonomic isolation (presence or absence of a native congener in the adventive area) we found that the time lag decreases with increasing polyploidization. By contrast, the haploid chromosome number was not significantly related to the time lag. These results provide evidence for the hypothesis that recent genome duplication events are important for a fast escape from cultivation of an alien woody plant species. We suggest that a large number of duplicated chromosomes increase the partitioning of the genome and hence the average rate of recombination between loci facilitating the formation of adaptive genotypes.


Free download: http://www.web-ecol.net/12/1/2012/
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An interview to the academic behind Sh-t Academics Say

"I personally found these sentiments to be less than comforting after my own failed job applications (90-plus over two years), unsuccessful grant applications (15 since 2000), soul-crushing course evaluations ("He should have applied some of the motivational principles he teaches about to his own teaching." — Winter 2015, paraphrased), and unjustified manuscript rejections ("I am a jealous and generally unhappy person." — Reviewer 2, paraphrased)."

"I increasingly found myself dealing with unexpected combinations of emotion such as boredom/anger while grading, guilt/envy while reviewing a manuscript I should have written, or relief/shame after an internal grant deadline was extended. As an experienced overthinker, I was also able to convince myself that these wonderfully nuanced internal experiences were somehow unique to my beautiful mind. Whether it was self-disappointment over writing guilt on date night, resentment while teaching night classes instead of reading bedtime stories to my kids, or using humor to avoid feeling like a fraud while teaching content learned the day before or writing papers few would ever read, well-worn constructs like work-life balance and impostor syndrome didn’t seem to fit."

http://chronicle.com/article/AcademicsSay-The-Story/231195/
A parody Twitter account born out of frustration brought unexpected rewards — connecting with a previously unknown community and expanding research opportunities.
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Discover and install useful RStudio addins

"RStudio addins were released in early 2016 to provide anyone with the ability to add "extensions" to RStudio. This feature has quickly become popular, but discoverability was a problem: there's just no easy way to know what addins exist."

"This package solves that problem in two ways. First, it provides a continuously updated list of RStudio addins that you can browse through (below). Also, if you install this package (install.packages('addinslist')), your RStudio will get populated with a new addin called "Browse RStudio addins". This addin allows you to interactively browse through the list of addins, see which ones you already have installed, and let you install/uninstall the corresponding package of each addin. The following image shows how to access this "addin of addins" in RStudio."


https://github.com/daattali/addinslist#addinslist-table
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I wish I was "adapted" ;) #humor
 
I guess from all the celebration all over the Net, today is Finch Icon day.
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Europe’s 200 best universities

“The top research universities in northwestern Europe…have considerably lifted their performance and profile at world level in the last 15 years.”

"While Finland and Sweden are much smaller nations, they both punch above their weight relative to their population size and gross domestic product (GDP) (see table below). Both countries have about 11 universities in the top 200 per 10 million of the population – beating the UK, Germany and the Netherlands. Other strong performers on those measures include Denmark, the Republic of Ireland and (per head of population) Switzerland. When assessed on the number of universities in the top 200 in relation to GDP per capita, which reflects spending power, the UK and Germany rank highest."

"At the other end of the spectrum, the east and south of Europe generally score poorly in our European ranking. Countries in these regions either perform relatively weakly (Estonia, Spain, Italy, Greece and Portugal) or do not appear at all in the top 200 (Poland, Ukraine, Romania, Bulgaria and the whole of the former Yugoslavia)."

"It is “interesting” that Estonia’s University of Tartu appears in the ranking (chalking up the country’s first appearance in the top 400 of the overall THE World University Rankings). He attributes this to the fact that Estonia is “moving into a more Western orbit”, and, in particular, forging close cultural and infrastructural links with Finland."

"Just five Russian institutions make the top 200 list, making it the lowest-ranked country relative to its population and GDP, although it ranks highly relative to its GDP per capita."

https://www.timeshighereducation.com/features/200-best-universities-in-europe-who-is-at-the-top-in-2016
Ellie Bothwell examines strengths and weaknesses in different higher education systems across the Continent
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I think the article is a little more nuanced, but depending on the Department and the circumstances it might be somewhat true (i.e. in some Social Sciences). However, even conservative academics regret that the initial response of conservatives towards Universities is "liberal indoctrination centers" since it only serves to perpetuate a stigma that might only apply at some very specific cases. Up to you though!
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Communities
4 communities
Work
Occupation
Plant Ecologist
Employment
  • Web Ecology
    Editor-in-Chief, 2012 - present
  • Center for Functional Ecology - Universidade de Coimbra
    Post-doctoral Researcher / Researcher (2014-), 2010 - present
  • The University of Montana
    Post-doctoral Researcher, 2008 - 2010
  • Generalitat Valenciana - Vaersa
    Natural Park Technician, 2006 - 2008
  • CSIC - CIDE
    Ph. D. student, 2001 - 2006
  • CISC - CIDE
    Research Assistant , 1998 - 2001
Places
Map of the places this user has livedMap of the places this user has livedMap of the places this user has lived
Currently
Coimbra, Portugal
Previously
Missoula, MT (USA) - El Ballestar, Spain - Bloomington, IN (USA) - Uberlândia, Brasil - Swansea, Wales (UK) - València, Spain
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Tagline
Plant Ecologist
Introduction
I'm an "exotic" plant ecologist interested on adaptations occurring to invasive plant species across broad biogeographical ranges. 

Native from Spain, so far I have tried to "colonize" places like Wales, Brazil and the U.S. I am currently based in Portugal at the Center for Functional Ecology of the Universidade de Coimbra.

I'm Editor-in-Chief for the open access scientific journal Web Ecology, and the moderator for the G+ community Plant Ecology, check them out!

Bragging rights
I have Tourette Syndrome #TouretteAmbassador #TouretteHero
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Education
  • Universitat de València
    B. Sc. Biology, 1999
  • Institut Cavanilles de Biodiversitat i Biologia Evolutiva (UV)
    M. Sc. Biodiversity and Evolutionary Biology, 2002
  • CSIC - Universitat de València
    Ph. D., 2007
Basic Information
Gender
Male
Birthday
October 31
Relationship
Married
Other names
Daniel Montesinos Torres