Interesting article from the BBC here: http://www.bbc.com/autos/story/20160428-how-ai-will-solve-traffic-part-one
The issue of the phantom traffic jam is something I find particularly infuriating and plagues me daily on my drive home.
I've tried the techniques mentioned in the article in the past and always caved and closed up due to the number of cars jumping in front of me. This evening however I was extra patient and specifically with this article in mind I left quite large gaps at times and went slowly but carried momentum as others stopped and started. This meant I was able to avoid stopping and starting for my entire freeway journey. How this effected those behind me was hard to gauge though I couldn't see any detrimental effect to my efforts.
The benefit for myself, in particular as someone who drives a manual car (at least for the moment), in not having to stop and start was great. There's better fuel economy of course but mainly it was not having to mess about with the clutch and constantly go from first to second and back and forth many times as I journeyed home.
Anyway, the article is very interesting and it has a neat game located here: https://madewithmonsterlove.itch.io/error-prone
which demonstrates the effect of stopping and starting very effectively.
My final comment on this is that while I love driving, this sort of thing is the reason I would love to see self driving cars become a thing. I still want to have some fun myself now and again but even if it was simply freeway driving that was taken away from us mere mortals I feel we would see a massive difference in traffic problems. I don't need to be in complete control of my commute but I also don't want to go back to dealing with the local public transport which is slower and far less pleasant.