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Citclops

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The EU funded project Citclops (Citizens´ observatories for coast and ocean optical monitoring www.citclops.eu) provides affordable measurement tools for mobile devices (e.g. smartphones), which can be used by the general public. Water colour, for example, can be measured from simple images of the water surface, taken with smartphones or other cameras. 

Water colour is related to light availability and biomass in water, and hence has also a topical relation to the Ocean Sampling Day (OSD). Both projects involve the general public and foster environmental knowledge and stewardship. Our vision is to join efforts on this year´s OSD and we ask you for images of water colour at your OSD sampling site on June 21st. 

There are three possibilities to take images of water colour for Citclops:

1) Use the Citclops colour app (freely available for iOS & Android at [http://citclops.eu/participate/how-to-get-the-app]):
--> the app provides also the possibility to include Secchi depth and the Forel-Ule number with the corresponding water colour comparator scale;
--> images and corresponding metadata are uploaded automatically to our server & website [www.citclops.eu]; they undergo quality control (QC) and standardization for long-term storage.

2) Take images with whichever camera type:
--> take an image of the water colour; note latitude, longitude and time (UTC); and send image and info to julia.busch@uni-oldenburg.de.

3) Use the myOSD app [http://www.microb3.eu/myosd/osd-citizen-app]:
--> take an image of the water colour with the myOSD app; images and basic metadata will then be passed also to us and to our website.

Important! Instructions on how to take images: [http://citclops.eu/participate/instructions-how-to-use].

The Citclops water colour determination is based on the comparison of the colour of the water to a 21-colour comparator scale (Forel Ule) displayed on the screen of the smartphone. The user takes a picture of the water surface, with the sun on her back if it’s a clear day, then crops a part of the image. The scale is then displayed on the screen and the user can compare the colours on the scale to the colour of the water, either by looking at the picture just taken or by looking at the water surface directly. Then, a questionnaire on the weather conditions needs to be filled in.

If the user has a Secchi disk, then she is asked to introduce the Secchi depth, an indicator of water transparency, and to compare the colours of the Forel Ule scale to the colour of the water observed on top of the Secchi disk (at ½ the Secchi depth).

Pre-conditions:
- there is sufficient ambient light (so, no dusk/dawn conditions);
- it is not raining at the time of measurements;
- the bottom is not visible.

Measurement-conditions:
- have the sun at your back (= take photo in shade if possible, to prevent direct reflection from the sun on the water surface);
- keep smartphone or other camera at a flat angle (0-30°) to minimise sky reflections on the water surface.

Of course, do not hesitate to contact Julia in case of questions!

Cordial thanks to the OSD & MyOSD team for the support and for providing the opportunity to have Citclops@OSD!

Thank you for considering a contribution to water colour measurements!

In any case: Have a happy OSD!
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Citclops

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We would like you to participate in a book on citizen science. A book we’re editing with great care to be a strong reference for researchers in the field.

http://www.1000001labs.org/analyzing-the-role-of-citizen-science-in-modern-research/
We would like you to participate in a book on citizen science. A book we're editing with great care to be a strong reference for researchers in the field. In the following, you'll find the structure of this book, so you can have a general idea of the “story line” we would like to work on.
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Citclops

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The latest Tweets from Citclops FP7 Project (@Citclops). Citizens’ Observatory for Coast and Ocean Optical Monitoring: techniques combining measurement of water colour, transparency and fluorescence. FP7, Citizens Observatories
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Citclops @ the second International Ocean Research conference  (IORC 2014)

Luigi Ceccaroni talks about participatory science to understand the ecological status of surface marine waters at the second International Ocean Research conference  (One Planet One Ocean) taking place in Barcelona, at the CCIB – Barcelona International Convention Centre, on November 16th and 18th, 2014.

As with terrestrial life, plankton is a complex “ecosystem” consisting of forms of life very different from each other; and it is the base ring of the food chain for all marine species. It is due to phytoplankton (and in particular the diatoms) that there is plenty of oxygen on Earth: one-third of all the oxygen produced comes from the oceans, through the action of these tiny algae. Only two-thirds of the oxygen comes from the forests. The same thing applies to the absorption of carbon dioxide: a third of the CO2 is absorbed by the phytoplankton, through photosynthesis. The ocean, that is, behaves exactly like a forest: in its surface layer there are “prairies” and “woods”, which absorb carbon dioxide and emit large amounts of oxygen. This production is not homogeneous: so as on earth there are green areas and desert areas, also in the seas there are areas with varying degrees of plankton.

It is important to note that the carbon of the air absorbed by plankton ends up almost all on the sea floor. Through the food chain, in fact, (or even through the incorporation in the tiny shells of diatoms) carbon moves from one life form to another, from the smallest fish to larger and larger predators, until, with their deaths, falls to the bottom. It is then easy to see how necessary it is that this mechanism continues to function, and that the plankton is not threatened by marine pollution. Plankton, algal biomass and chlorophyll are indeed proxies of the ecological status of surface marine waters and are related to indicators, such as the transparency and color of the water, which can be measured directly also by citizens and skippers, in different contexts, thanks to the Citclops project and the Barcelona World Race.

In-situ transparency measures of sea waters are based on observations by the Secchi disk (SD), the KdUINO buoy and other novel, low-cost instruments; while in-situ color measurements are based on the Forel-Ule (FU) scale, which is used to determine the color of water bodies, in limnology and oceanography. Information on color is then collected by the Citclops – Citizen water monitoring app and other low-cost sensors, and will be integrated in the Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS).

Measuring simple indicators, such as transparency and color, contributes to determine the ecological status of surface marine waters. These indicators are related to chlorophyll, algal biomass and organic compounds. To determine the ecological status of surface waters, the quantification of the presence of pollutants, such as accumulations of plastic debris, is also necessary. Currently, transparency and color measures are based on optical imaging, the Secchi-disk depth and the Forel-Ule (FU) scale. Measures of accumulations of plastic debris are based on analysis of images of the sea surface.

To improve the assessment of the ecological status of water bodies, the Citclops (Citizens’ Observatory for Coast and Ocean Optical Monitoring) European action (2012-2015) has developed a mobile application that allows citizens to contribute to measuring water bodies’ optical properties via participatory science.

This event, the One Planet One Ocean Conference (IORC), is an opportunity for the scientific community to come together to plan the coming decade of international collaboration in marine science and technology, with a view to improving ocean governance. The inaugural IORC was held in June 2005, when the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO (IOC-UNESCO) with The Oceanography Society (TOS), brought attendees together to discuss expected developments in marine sciences in the decade that followed.

Full list of presentations and poster:

Luigi Ceccaroni (Citclops), Laia Subirats (BDigital), Marcel Wernand (NIOZ), Stéfani Novoa (NIOZ), Jaume Piera (ICM-CSIC), Roger Farrés (Kinetical), Ivan Price (Noveltis) and the Citclops consortium. Participatory science to understand the ecological status of surface marine waters. Abstract @ Workshop 5 (WS5) Global reporting of assessments of the status of marine environments, November 16, 2014; and abstract @ Theme Session T2.TS5 Operationalizing Ecosystem-based Management: the challenges of translating scientific knowledge into decision tools for integrated management, November 18, 2014.

Jaume Piera, Raul Bardají, Carine Simon, Luigi Ceccaroni and the Citclops Consortium. Citizen science and do it yourself technologies: a new way to observe coastal environments. Abstract @ Workshop 8 (WS8) Promoting communication within the early career marine scientists, November 16, 2014.

Luigi Ceccaroni, Marcel Wernand, Laia Subirats, Jaume Piera, Roger Farrés, Ivan Price, Alexander Steblin and the Citclops Consortium. Extending historic water-quality data sets, using old-fashioned techniques, citizen science and smartphones. Poster, November 17 and 19, 2014.
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Citclops @ Observadores del Mar 
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One of the objectives of the Citclops project is to produce applied results by developing new applications for mobile devices, and friendlier and more flexible user interfaces to connect citizens and their associations to policy makers. Picture: Citclops. Contact us ...
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In their circles
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Have them in circles
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Citclops

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Citizens' Observatories Infrastructures for Citizen Science and Crowd Sourcing - concepts, methodologies, apps and sensors with INSPIRE in mind. Friday, 29 May 2015, 1100 – 1700 hrs. WORKSHOP DESCRIPTION. New and sometimes unique sources of geographic information have recently become available ...
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Citclops

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Citclops gets the Best Poster Award at the Ocean Optics Conference:

Raul Bardají, Carine Simon, Eloy Zafra, Jaume Piera

Institute of Marine Sciences, Spanish National Research Council (ICM-CSIC) 

"A spatio-temporal analysis with KdUINO data, a DIY citizen science instrument"
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Citclops @ Brussels
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Citclops @ BDigital apps
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Citizens' observatory for coast and ocean optical monitoring
Introduction
Environmental problems should not be tackled by scientists or policy makers alone. Involving the general public in observing and understanding our changing world, and encouraging citizen stewardship for the (marine) environment are crucial elements for a sustainable way of facing current and future problems. The EC-funded project Citclops starts in October 2012 and is focused on retrieving, through crowdsourcing, data on three main optical properties related to sea-water quality: colour, transparency and fluorescence. Novel technologies will be developed to retrieve these properties based on citizens’ measurements with common mobile devices.
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