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Charles Carrigan
Works at Olivet Nazarene University
Attended University of Michigan
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Charles Carrigan

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Geology Field Photo: Rock Creek Waterfall

When you think of a waterfall, you probably imagine a cascade of water falling vertically over a significant drop. That's how a lot of waterfalls start, but what happens to them as they grow old? The answer to that depends on the bedrock geology. If the bedrock at the top and bottom of the waterfall is all the same, then the waterfall will eventually come to look more like this one on Rock Creek, a small tributary of the Kankakee River. As this waterfall has eroded back, it has gotten shorter and much less steep. It is now only about ~8' tall and more of a slide than a drop. At the end of the last ice age ~12,000 years ago, this waterfall was about ~0.75 miles father downstream, where Rock Creek joins the Kankakee. At that time, it was ~40' high and vertical! Eventually, it will flatten out completely and disappear.

#geopic #geologyrocks #waterfalls #waterfallwednesday 
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Congress Cuts Geoscience Spending by 16%

Unfortunately, the House spending panel has made a very poor decision here and has decided that the Geosciences are not part of the "core essential sciences" that the National Science Foundation should focus on.  This is a ~16% reduction in spending for these areas.  So our government does not think that research on volcanic activity, earthquakes, hurricanes, tornadoes, natural resources such as the rare earth elements essential to our modern electronics & technology, energy resources such as oil, natural gas, uranium, and alternative energy sources, clean water resources, and many other topics, are not "core essential sciences".  This is, of course, absurd - the geosciences are of utmost importance to human society.  This follows on recent news where NASA was also told to spend less time & resources on studying the Earth.  

If we were to speculate, we might guess that the reasoning behind these decisions is political opposition to climate change science.  It could, of course, simply be gross ignorance.  Either way, it is a failure of our politicians.  Politicians need to stop telling scientists which topics in science are the important ones, and let scientists decide where scientific research funds should be spent.  

Representative John Culberson (R–TX), told ScienceInsider, “I want to make the hard sciences a priority—the math and physics and pure science. The fundamental mission of NSF should be those core sciences.”  

Four of the NSF directorates (biology, engineering, computer science, and math and physical sciences) will receive 70% of the funding.  The remaining will be split between the other two directorates (social, behavioral, and economic sciences (SBE), and geosciences).   

#geoscience     #geology     #climatechange     #energy    
Those fields would lose 16% after lawmakers protect other scientific disciplines within a nearly flat budget
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The money doesn't come from Congress. It comes from you and me. (And all of us.)
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Geology Photos  - 
 
Sharing this blog post only for the fantastic photo of folded rocks.  Wow!  

#FridayFold    
Structural geologists seek to understand how rocks have changed shape, in order to better understand wider processes such as how mountains are formed. Sometimes they use a terminology called 'Deformation-numbers' which I will now explain via a series of pretty pictures.
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Ha, I was going to say Norway! Visited there last year. Didn't see anything quite that dramatic, but Láhko National Park was quite beautiful for it's geology.
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The voice of Winnie the Pooh reading Darth Vader lines - absolutely hilarious!  

http://www.wimp.com/readslines/
At the 2013 ConnectiCon Convention, voice actor Jim Cummings treats fans to a reading of Darth Vader's lines from "Star Wars" as Winnie the Pooh. Known as the voice behind over 400 roles, Cummings is the current actor for both Winnie the Pooh and Tigger.
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California Drought and the U.S. Food System

Here is an interesting article from +Think Progress about the sensitivity of the U.S. system to agricultural supply in California:

http://thinkprogress.org/climate/2015/05/05/3646965/california-drought-and-agriculture-explainer/

As the article describes, California produces very large percentages of the U.S. supply of many fruits and vegetables, including more than 90% for many crops such as plums and broccoli.

The article references our recent paper on the California drought, which is available open-access here:

http://www.pnas.org/content/112/13/3931.abstract

#climatechange   #globalwarming   #CAdrought   #science   #sciencecommunication  
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They do grow a lot of rice north of Sacramento.

http://ucce.ucdavis.edu/files/repository/calag/fig4906p60.jpg
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Jack Black is over the top of course, but Jimmy Fallon makes a perfect Nuno Bettencourt.  Remember these days  +Jonathan Bartling ?  :-)  
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Charles Carrigan

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Selfie/kid/water collage from today's family hike out to the Rock Creek waterfall.  

This is what waterfalls look like when they have retreated back significantly. The waterfall here has been eroding its way back to this present position since the end of the last ice age ~12,000 years ago. Back then, it was much farther downstream near where Rock Creek enters the Kankakee River, was much taller, and was much more of a vertical drop. Now it is only a few feet of relief (~8') and is not terribly steep.  
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Que bien
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Volcanology  - 
 
On the 18th day of the month of May, the mountain started shakin' in a serious way!  

Happy St. Helens Day!  Is this a thing?  Only for us rockhounds.  We used to show this old video, Keeper of the Fire , in intro geology lab.  It's a classic!!  

#MtStHelens     #volcano  
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Another Collection : Energy Resources & Climate Change

This is the second public Collection I will be curating, on the broad topic of energy and climate.  There is no question that this is one of the most important topics of our day.  Where and how we get our energy, how we use it, how it impacts our lives and those of others around the world, and the full ramifications of what human activities are doing to the Earth's climate system, are critical questions that need careful thought and actions.  How we approach these questions is driven largely by our views of science and by the moral and philosophical framework through which we view world events.  Like my first collection on geology field photos, this one will mostly consist of my own posts, most of which are links to important news articles.  But in this case, I will definitely add important contributions from others; I have already added one post from Stanford climatologist +Noah Diffenbaugh .  I welcome thoughtful people to follow along and engage in this important topic.  
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+Charles Carrigan very cool - thanks for including me!!!
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Collections Help  - 
 
Anyone else noticed that when you share a collection as a post, the choice of the collection background color can make the link totally disappear?  When you mouse-over a post, the colors of links all turn from white to blue.  And if you've chosen blue as the background color for a collection....  
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+Charles Carrigan Strange! I'm using Chrome also, and I don't see the links change color, only an underline appears. As far as I remember I'm just using the default settings, and disabling my extensions doesn't change that. Can you try temporarily disabling extensions to see if that makes a difference?
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First Collection : Geology Field Photos 

I have created a collection of my posts of photos of geology in the field.  I set this one to auto-follow: if you're following me, you're following this collection unless you decide to opt-out.  In the future, I will post all of these photos to this collection.  

#GeoPhotography    
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Just a note so people are aware - when you create a collection, you can customize the color of the banner, which in this case I've chosen green.  There are lots of colors to choose from.  However, one of them is a blue color that is the exact same color (as far as my eyes can tell) that links get when you mouse-over a post.  So if someone chooses that color blue for their collection and then shares it as a post, when people mouse over the post the link to the collection link text will be impossible to see.  You'll only know it is there when you either 1) remove the mouse from the post and the link text turns back to white, or 2) your mouse will change to a finger from an arrow when you're over the link.  This is on desktop/windows; no mouse-over color changes if you are on mobile obviously.  
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How I Plan to Use Collections

So if you haven't heard, the plus turned out a new feature yesterday called Collections.  I'm pretty excited about this; this is the feature I've wanted for years.  Quickly: collections allow you to organize your posts into topics; readers can follow or unfollow any and all of your collections that they have access to.  This is great, because most people are multi-faceted and have lots of different interests.  This helps G+ be more of the shared-interests network that it always has been.  

I plan on putting all of my posts into collections.  It will take some time to get organized, but this will allow people to connect with me on the topics they are interested in.  It also allows me to share more things publicly, without feeling like I'm spamming my followers with things they aren't interested in.  I'm thinking I may write a "summary of my collections" post and pin it to the top of my page.  

So what do other plusketeers think of this new feature?  How do you plan to use it?  
 
Introducing Google+ Collections, a new way to group your posts by topic

Our happiest Google+ users are those who connect with others around shared interests and passions. So we set out to give people a place to express the things they love. Today, we’re announcing Google+ Collections, a new way to group your posts by topic.

Every collection is a focused set of posts on a particular topic, providing an easy way for you to organize all the things you’re into. Each collection can be shared publicly, privately, or with a custom set of people. Once you create your first collection, your profile will display a new tab where other people can find and follow your collections.

Posts in collections you follow will appear in your Home stream, with a link to easily jump right into the collection so you can get to similar content from that author. Collections give you a great way to find more of the stuff you love from the people you follow.

Collections is available on Android and the web, and iOS is coming later. For Android users, make sure to update your Google+ app to get access to Collections.

For inspiration on interesting topics, check out our Featured Collections page here: g.co/collections

Create your collections today and share what you love.

Edit : Have questions about Collections?  Join this community for Help, Tips & Tricks : http://goo.gl/meRk8j
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Got it now.
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Charles's Collections
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Have him in circles
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Work
Occupation
Rock Doctor
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Geoscience education & research
Employment
  • Olivet Nazarene University
    Prof. of Geoscience, 2004 - present
Basic Information
Gender
Male
Relationship
Married
Apps with Google+ Sign-in
Story
Tagline
Husband, Father, Geoscientist, Educator
Introduction
I'm a Professor of Geoscience at Olivet Nazarene University.  I'm a big fan of hiking, camping, & other outdoor activities.  I'm also into photography, technology, culture, politics, psychology, sociology, education, the interaction of religious faith with the above, music, games with friends, cooking, yadayada.  

On Google+, I post geology field photographs I have taken about once a week and give a brief explanation of what you are seeing from the eyes of a geologist.  These are kept in my album "Geology Field Photos".  I am also the owner & a moderator for the Geoscience Community here on G+, and I hope other geoscientists will join the discussions there.  
I sometimes write a blog about mineral resources & the environment & anything else geological I feel like called Earth-like Planet.  Circle me here on Google+ if those things sound of interest to you.  
Professionally, I study the application of mineralogy, petrology, & geochemistry to the understanding of mountain belts and tectonic processes, specifically in the Southern Appalachians.  My students and I use the tools of geochronology and thermobarometry to establish P-T-t paths of metamorphic rocks, and thereby constrain the timing and rates of tectonic processes.  Our current, ongoing project focuses on information that can be obtained by emphasizing the study of rutile & other minerals in pelitic schists.  

I also study the best practices for improvements in education within the MPG (mineralogy, petrology, & geochemistry) disciplines, as well as geoscience for general education.  My work has focused on a complete redesigned the way I teach mineralogy with an emphasis on geologic context, as well as the way students relate upper level course work back to material and skills they learned in previous courses.  I'm also in the process of designing video tutorials for optical mineralogy, which I hope to begin publishing on the web in the next 6 months.  
Bragging rights
My rock garden has more garnet than yours. My dog's name is Xenolith. I married a girl who took Calculus for fun in college. I defended my dissertation on the Winter Solstice. I can solve a 3x3 rubics cube in about 2 minutes.
Collections Charles is following
Education
  • University of Michigan
    PhD, Geology, 2000 - 2005
  • Vanderbilt University
    MS, Geology, 1998 - 2000
  • Olivet Nazarene University
    BS, Geology, 1992 - 1996
Charles Carrigan's +1's are the things they like, agree with, or want to recommend.
House spending panel does its best to hide large cut to NSF social and g...
news.sciencemag.org

Those fields would lose 16% after lawmakers protect other scientific disciplines within a nearly flat budget

Road Shower - The Rack Mounted Solar Shower - New Model
www.roadshower.com

solar shower, camping shower, rack mounted shower, car shower.

If You Don't Hear Crying, the Church is Dying
myocn.net

People were bringing little children to Christ to have Him touch them, but the disciples rebuked them. When Jesus saw this, he was indignant

Rats forsake chocolate to save a drowning companion
news.sciencemag.org

Find adds to growing evidence that rodents feel empathy

How to Be a Rich Christian (To Remind Myself)
brianstipp.blogspot.com

I. Jesus said that it is hard for a rich man to enter the Kingdom of god. So if you can avoid it, do. II. If you can’t avoid it, accept it.

Google+ Hangouts
www.google.com

Hangouts bring conversations to life with photos, emoji, and even group video calls for free. Connect with friends across computers, Android

Can We Have a Civil Talk About Science and Religion? - Dan Boone
www.danboone.me

The octane on the science and religion issue has evolved (pun intended) during my lifetime. It’s not easy writing on this topic, seeking civ

SPEAKING OF CREATION - by B.K. (Bev) Mitchell
www.clarion-journal.com

Editor's note: Dr. Mitchell is Professor Emeritus, Department of Biological Sciences, University of Alberta. SPEAKING OF CREATION Seeing Cre

First day in Nepal, 8 days after the earthquake
thepottengers.blogspot.com

Sitting in the gate area of the Istanbul airport, waiting for my flight to Kathmandu airport, I looked around at the other passengers and wo

Save to Pocket
chrome.google.com

Pocket Extension for Chrome - The best way to save articles, videos and more

Top 4 Energy Department Inventions Saving You Energy & Money at Home
energy.gov

Top 4 Energy Department Inventions Saving You Energy & Money at Home

YouTube Tests New Video Player for Desktop
googlesystem.blogspot.com

YouTube tests a new HTML5 video player with a transparent control bar that hides when you're not using it, just like mobile video players. A

So... I'm just going to leave this here.
sunburnsandsandypants.blogspot.com

So I mentioned last time that there was some big news coming. Well, this is that news. It’s time. For the past year and a half, we’ve been p

KCC starts GirlSTEM program designed to get girls excited about science
www.daily-journal.com

Makayla Bowers received an invite to the GirlSTEM summer program in her cubby hole at Kennedy Middle Grade School. She read it and immediate

How Frank Bruni misunderstands Christians—and why it matters - On Faith ...
jonathanmerritt.religionnews.com

The New York Times columnist argues church leaders should be “made” to abandon their views on same-sex relationships. If liberals want to en

Your Questions On Indiana's Religious Freedom Bill, Answered
thefederalist.com

You've got questions: How do RFRAs work? Why is everyone so mad about Indiana's? Do religious freedom protections hurt gays? We've got answe

Been here twice, never experienced anything other than a great chipotle experience.
Public - a week ago
reviewed a week ago
Lots of family fun at this indoor water park/hotel. We really enjoyed our time!
Public - a month ago
reviewed a month ago
There's lots to love about this park. The trees are wonderful in the fall. The stars are incredible at night! The camp sites are decent, with good fire pits and picnic tables. They could use some flatter tent pads in some areas. Some of them have really poorly designed drainage and one site we stayed at was very muddy. But as much as I love this place, I have to give it three stars for two reasons. First, the water quality issue. I've stayed at this campground many times over the past ~15 years, and the water always has a boil advisory. They really need to fix this and get clean, potable water that is safe to drink. I've never had a problem, but it is a risk that shouldn't be tolerated anymore at a Provincial Park. Secondly, the price of these sites is absurdly high. It costs ~$35+ per night just for tent sites. That's way too high for a spot to set up a tent esp. when the water can't be trusted.
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Public - 7 months ago
reviewed 7 months ago
Fantastic beach
Public - 9 months ago
reviewed 9 months ago
41 reviews
Map
Map
Map
Nice place, but really expensive. The price is way too high for tent sites.
Public - 7 months ago
reviewed 7 months ago
Mark is a great guy and gives a great tour of his land, showing the ecological connections and the stunning mineral specimens. It is like visiting a mineral museum, but in the great outdoors! He has a real heart for conservation too.
Public - 7 months ago
reviewed 7 months ago
That was a delicious burger. Will definitely go back. Great food, great service.
Public - 10 months ago
reviewed 10 months ago