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Brian Swiger
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Hefeweisen! Best I have had....
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Humble Origin Bundle 2
Humble Origin Bundle 2
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Happy Easter everyone! A day at Disney for the family...
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It's ME!
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Today in History: Microsoft Shipped Windows 1.0, 1985
On November 20, 1985 — 29 years ago today — Microsoft began shipping Windows 1.0. Copying the Apple Macintosh graphical user interface (GUI), this Microsoft software greatly enhanced ease of use: now users no longer had to type MS-DOS commands but could use a mouse to point and click in “windows” to instruct the computer to perform actions. Windows 1.0 required a minimum of 256 kilobytes memory, 2 double-sided floppy disk drives, and a graphics adapter card.

Microsoft first presented Windows to the public on November 10, 1983 — 2 full years before the software started shipping. Apple was aware that what Microsoft was proposing highly resembled what Apple considered proprietary Macintosh features. In fact, later court cases revealed that Apple was preparing a multi-billion dollar suit against Microsoft. So a big part of the delay involved Microsoft obtaining a license from Apple to use the Mac’s graphical user interface in the development of Windows, because Microsoft was aware that it was copying most of the essential features of the Apple Mac interface. In order to achieve this licensing arrangement, Microsoft threatened to stop developing critical applications for the Mac (e.g. Office for the Mac) unless Apple gave Microsoft a license to use the Mac GUI software however it wished. Apple’s president at the time, John Sculley (Steve Jobs had just left Apple), could not be certain if the threats were real; but, to avoid risk of losing Microsoft as a key developer of Mac applications software, Sculley decided to agree to a licensing relationship on Microsoft’s terms. Upon later releases of Windows software, Apple eventually sued (in 1988) Microsoft for copying the Mac software.

Apple claimed Microsoft and Microsoft Windows infringed on the “look and feel” of the Mac operating systems, and — while it licensed the Mac operating system for Microsoft’s use on Windows 1.0 — Microsoft’s later releases of Windows violated Apple’s copyright protections. Apple listed 189 GUI elements that Microsoft had copied. The Court ruled that 179 of these elements had been licensed to Microsoft in the Windows 1.0 agreement, and that the remaining 10 elements were not copyrightable: “Apple cannot get patent-like protection for the idea of a graphical user interface, or the idea of a desktop metaphor [because such idea was unoriginal to Apple or it was the only possible way of expressing such an idea].”

Apple appealed the decision, which was affirmed in 1994. Apple’s appeal to the U.S. Supreme Court was denied. Some copyright issues still lingered, at least in the minds of Apple lawyers, and especially with regard to Quick Time source code that ended up in Video for Windows. All these issues were resolved when Steve Jobs returned to Apple in 1997 and negotiated an agreement with Bill Gates to drop all current lawsuits and to make Microsoft’s Internet Explorer the default browser on the Mac; in return, Microsoft agreed to continue developing Office for the Mac and other software tools and apps for the Mac for the next 5 years and to purchase $150 million of non-voting Apple stock.

Isn’t it fascinating to think that Apple’s Mac design, copied by Microsoft in Windows, is what fueled Microsoft’s extraordinary growth in the 1990s, and that Microsoft’s investment of $150 million in Apple saved Apple from bankruptcy and became the amazing pivot that launched Apple on a path to extraordinary growth, eventually causing Apple to grow much larger than Microsoft? [Microsoft 2014 revenue = $86.83 billion; Apple 2014 revenue = $182.80 billion]

YouTube:
Windows 1.0 Features Demo

Sources:
http://www.edn.com/electronics-blogs/edn-moments/4401825/Microsoft-ships-Windows-1-0--November-20--1985
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Windows_1.0
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apple_Computer,_Inc._v._Microsoft_Corp.
http://www.lettersofnote.com/2012/02/apple-must-make-macintosh-standard.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Macintosh
http://www.guidebookgallery.org/articles/sortingoutfactfromfiction
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Apple_Inc.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/San_Francisco_Canyon_Company
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apple_Inc.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Microsoft
•_Fire in the Valley:_ http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0071358927/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0071358927&linkCode=as2&tag=empoweringnews-20&linkId=PR24DX2X4W7CNPYC

Image credits:
http://windows.microsoft.com/en-us/windows/history#T1=era1[left]
http://windows.microsoft.com/en-us/windows/history#T1=era0 [right]
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Cheers! Cup full of coffee to start on the right foot. Going to take me a few more to stop taking pics of my office and eventually wake up...
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Trying to start my day off right. Can you tell I am a fan of a specific character?
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REBEL SCUM!
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