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Brad Acker
Works at BNC
Attended Syracuse University, Syracuse NY
Lives in Revere, MA
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Loic Le Meur interviews Tim Berners-Lee
I was just visiting Loic Le Meur’s G+ post page, and i clicked on Loic’s interview with an insightful and twitchy Tim Berners-Lee. Here are my notes:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PowqvYH8tPU

02:30 Web growth was exponential from beginning of web, so there was no “magic point” at which Berners-Lee recognized what a fantastic success his invention would become.

03:14 Still a minority of people on the planet are on the web.

05:00 Berners-Lee was basically just trying to solve a problem for his team at CERN — getting diverse computers to understand each other so that information could be more easily shared.

06:11 Berners-Lee designed the hypertext language and transfer protocols to resemble existing languages in order to promote widespread use.

07:10 Berners-Lee would design the Web completely differently if he were designing it from scratch.

08:20 Native apps are boring.

10:55 Silos like Facebook are a problem — “walled gardens” are not good.

14:20 Berners-Lee implies people should be more worried about walled gardens than Snowden leaks.

15:50 People should insist on Net Neutrality.

16:50 Privacy is not dead.

18:08 We need rules to protect privacy.

20:38 The right to be forgotten is dangerous. The right to be able to access history is more important. If the fact “out there” is false, then there should be a right to eliminate such information. But if the fact is true, then free speech and preservation of history are more important issues.

23:40 Women can be great coders.

26:40 Artificial intelligence is coming. As AI works, we tend to accept it as just another “computer function.”

30:08 When he was a child, Tim Berners-Lee read a lot of Asimov books.

30:25 When robots are given rights in court, that’s the time to pay attention.

32:55 Robots are already here and they are called corporations. Be very scared.

34:18 Berners-Lee has no patents. MIT pays him to be Director of the Web Consortium and he spends time working on the long-term technical architecture of the web and trying to keep the web a coherent whole.

35:58 Berners-Lee spends a great deal of time pushing for open data, open government data.

37:37 There are huge forces working against net neutrality, although some governments are working to protect net neutrality. Tim is optimistic, but he’s not sure whether or not net neutrality will win out.

40:40 What drives Tim to keep driving forward? “...because we are not yet done!” Tim wants to own all his data and keep it where he wants to keep it. This should be a standard.

42:16 We will never stop innovating, and we will never stop fighting for our rights.

44:00 Every web page can now be programmed. We’ve come to a place where web technology is much more powerful than it was 25 years ago. 

45:18 Pixels will be everywhere. Wallpaper pixels. Soon, “You really can’t tell that you’re not in Africa.”

47:30 It will be difficult to take a pill to learn something like how to fly a helicopter or how to read and write and speak Arabic; but once our brains are in the cloud (as Kurzweil “will have you do in the future”), it might become more easy.

48:08 Fight to keep the web open. We need to spend 5% of our web time reading about the legal agreements we sign on the web.

49:00 If you create a technical app, Tim asks you to think deeply about the social implications and make the effort to help people of different cultures understand each other better.
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Thanks for the notes and YouTube pointers.
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Today in History: DNA Double Helix Discovered, 1953
On February 28, 1953 — 62 years ago today — American biologist James Watson and English physicist Francis Crick announced to their friends at a pub in Cambridge, England their discovery of the double helix structure of DNA. 

Prior to this announcement, at Cambridge University in England, Watson and Crick, among others scientists around the world, were working to determine the chemical structure of the DNA molecule. With the help of physicist Maurice Wilkins from King’s College, they were able to view an X-ray image of a crystallographic DNA molecule taken by Rosalind Elsie Franklin, a pioneering molecular biologist, a chemist and X-ray crystallographer.* When Watson and Crick saw the image, Franklin’s “photo 51,” they recognized the diffraction pattern immediately — a helix. They then read a report on Franklin’s work that included an observation on the symmetry of DNA. With these crucial pieces of information from Franklin, and new data about the equal number of base pairs composing the rungs of DNA, on this day in 1953, Watson and Crick reached the conclusion that DNA’s structure was a double helix — a simpler and better answer than they had initially hoped for. They headed to their favorite pub, “The Eagle,” and announced their discovery to friends! Their elegantly simple model was able to be understood quickly by biologists around the world, as it explained both the stability of life over long periods of time but also the mutability of life in evolution. 

*Rosalind Franklin was a rare woman for her time, as she became a scientist, despite her father’s initial protestations. Only because Rosalind showed relentless determination did her father finally allow her to attend university rather than to become a social worker as he had originally desired. At King’s College, Rosalind (along with Maurice Wilkins) was given responsibility for learning about the structure of DNA. At the time, women were not allowed in the university dining rooms and male professors associated after hours at male-only pubs. In this environment, friction grew between Rosalind and Wilkins, because Wilkins reflected the dominant male culture when they were equally intelligent collaborators. Wilkins secretly showed Rosalind’s meticulous x-ray imagery to Watson and Crick, which was a catalyst to their discovery. When Watson and Crick won the 1962 Nobel Prize for this discovery, Rosalind Franklin had died from cancer — probably as a consequence of her pioneering work with x-ray technology.

YouTube video:
•The DNA Double Helix Discovery: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1vm3od_UmFg
•The Secret of Life — Discovery of DNA Structure: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sf0YXnAFBs8
•TED Talks: “How We Discovered DNA” by James Watson: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2HgL5OFip-0
•DNA Double Helix Structure (4:04 minutes in length): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VegLVn_1oCE
•What is DNA and How Does it Work? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zwibgNGe4aY
•What is DNA? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=q6PP-C4udkA

Sources:
http://www.nature.com/scitable/topicpage/discovery-of-dna-structure-and-function-watson-397
http://www.nature.com/nature/dna50/watsoncrick.pdf
http://profiles.nlm.nih.gov/SC/Views/Exhibit/narrative/doublehelix.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Watson
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Francis_Crick
https://www.sdsc.edu/ScienceWomen/franklin.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maurice_Wilkins
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/smll.201400265/full
http://x3dna.org/articles/seeing-is-understanding-as-well-as-believing
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Molecular_models_of_DNA
http://cs.boisestate.edu/~amit/teaching/342/lab/structure.html
http://www.thehistoryblog.com/archives/25193

Image credits:
•Left: DNA Double Helix model with Watson (left) and Crick (right). http://www.thehistoryblog.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/05/Watson-Crick-DNA-model.jpg
•Right Top: Maurice Wilkins. From King’s College: http://www.whatisbiotechnology.org/people/wilkins
•Right Bottom: Rosalind Franklin. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/media/99712/Rosalind-Franklin
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Great article! Thanks! And for bringing in importance the work of Rosalind Franklin
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Today in History: Open heart surgery televised for first time for educational purposes, 1947
On February 27, 1947 — 68 years ago today — open heart surgery was for the first time televised via closed-circuit television to medical students at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. Dr. Alfred Blalock and his surgical partner, Vivien Thomas, demonstrated open heart surgery techniques that they had pioneered. 

Background
In the early to mid-1800s, Johns Hopkins was born into a family that owned a tobacco plantation; his family emancipated their slaves. Hopkins became a successful money-making entrepreneur who willed $7 million [$153 million adjusted for inflation] for the founding of a hospital and a teaching/research university next to it. Hopkins was an early abolitionist, based on his family’s Quaker upbringing. His attitude and ideas about equality and integration of hospital care and education led to Johns Hopkins University becoming a pre-eminent university. For 31 consecutive years, the National Science Foundation has ranked Johns Hopkins as the #1 university among U.S. academic institutions in total science, medical, and engineering research and development spending.

Dr. Alfred Blalock attended Johns Hopkins School of Medicine and graduated with a medical degree in 1922. Blalock then worked at Vanderbilt University’s Hospital where he met Vivien Thomas, an African-American. Hopkins and Thomas formed a close professional relationship that would last 3 decades. In 1941, Blalock was offered the job of Chief Surgeon at Johns Hopkins Hospital, and he brought Vivien Thomas along with him as his assistant. In 2003, PBS premiered a documentary, “Partners of the Heart,” which chronicles the collaboration between Blalock and Thomas and Johns Hopkins University. Another film, “Something the Lord Made,” by HBO documents the partnership between Blalock and Thomas and reveals how discrimination played a much more significant role in medicine than it does today — an appropriate movie to watch for African-American History month, celebrated in February in the United States and Canada.    

YouTube video:
•Film about Dr. Blalock’s exceptional assistant: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dh2TB1M0mY0
Another link to this movie: http://putlocker.is/watch-something-the-lord-made-online-free-putlocker.html

Sources:
http://thegreatgeekmanual.com/blog/this-day-in-geek-history-february-27
http://todayinsci.com/2/2_27.htm
http://welcometobaltimorehon.com/baltimores-first-television
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alfred_Blalock
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vivien_Thomas
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Johns_Hopkins_Hospital
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Johns_Hopkins_School_of_Medicine
http://www.scienceheroes.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=353&Itemid=301
http://www.africanamericanhistorymonth.gov/

Image credits:
•Left: Early operation involving Dr. Alfred Blalock and Vivien Thomas at Johns Hopkins Hospital.
http://www.nlm.nih.gov/exhibition/aframsurgeons/images/vthomas1.gif
•Right Top: Dr. Alfred Blalock.
http://www.medicalarchives.jhmi.edu/papers/blalock.html
•Right Bottom: Vivien Thomas.
http://www.medicalarchives.jhmi.edu/portlarg/thomasv.jpg
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Whoops, i just realized the date at the top of the images should read February 27, 1947.
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Sharing this quotation again, in case you missed it. The short exchange of extemporaneous thoughts comes from 2 internet savvy, highly experienced, technology advocates.
 
Facebook: high fructose corn syrup
I came across this episode of Leo Laporte’s interesting interview series of high-tech “movers and shakers.” In this particular episode (from September, 2011), Leo asks John what he thinks about Facebook:

Leo Laporte: How do you feel about Facebook?

John Perry Barlow: It is not the global village. It’s the global suburbs.

Leo Laporte: The gated global suburbs.

John Perry Barlow: It has this quality ... of high fructose corn syrup, as opposed to broccoli.

For full interview, please see:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=napvYuEzj0Q#t=19
starting at 29:10
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I love Barlow. I love freaks. Beyond that, I won't opine. Perhaps LL has depths. I have never listened long enough.
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Today in History: Apple announced 10 billion songs had been downloaded from iTunes Store, 2010
On February 25, 2010 — 5 years ago today — Apple announced that TEN billion songs had been legally downloaded from its iTunes Music Store. The ten billionth tune was “Guess Things Happen That Way” by Johnny Cash, and the individual who downloaded the tune was Lucie Sulcer from Woodstock Georgia. Lucie won a $10,000 iTunes gift certificate for her luck.

Just 2 days ago, in 2006, the Apple iTunes store sold its one billionth song, which took almost 3 years from the store’s opening. In another 4 years on this date, February 25, the store had sold 10 times as many tunes.

Latest available statistics, published by “expandedramblings.com,” show that the iTunes’s exponential growth has continued over the last 9 years since the one billionth download was reached (although by other reports some serious deceleration is occurring very recently, as more users are streaming music on streaming services). Eddy Cue and Jimmy Lovine, Apple music specialists, reported in May, 2014, that the 35 billion downloaded songs mark had been surpassed earlier that month (May, 2014).

YouTube video:
•“Guess Things Happen That Way” by Johnny Cash, the ten billionth song downloaded on iTunes: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Qk7W-Kz3Wgc

Sources:
https://www.apple.com/pr/library/2010/02/25iTunes-Store-Tops-10-Billion-Songs-Sold.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ITunes_Store
http://9to5mac.com/2014/05/28/eddy-cue-apple-passed-35-billions-songs-sold-on-itunes-last-week-40-million-itunes-radio-listeners/
http://expandedramblings.com/index.php/itunes-app-store-stats/
http://expandedramblings.com/index.php/itunes-app-store-stats/6/

Image credit:
•Made using iWeb software by me and using this image and superimposing 10,000,000,000 on it: http://www.sundriesshack.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/10/Steve-Jobs1.jpg
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Probably 100 billion now.  Apple FTW!
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Today in History: Apple announced 1 billion songs had been downloaded from iTunes Store, 2006
On February 23, 2006 — 9 years ago today — Apple announced that one billion songs had been legally downloaded from its iTunes Music Store. The one billionth tune was “Speed of Sound” by Coldplay, and the individual who downloaded the tune on Coldplay’s X&Y album was Alex Ostrovsky from West Bloomfield, Michigan. This statistic reflected amazing growth in the less than 3 years the store had been in existence.

To encourage sales as the one billion download approached, Apple announced a contest. The grand prize winner, Alex Ostrovsky, won a 20-inch iMac, 10 5th generation iPods, and a $10,000 iTunes gift certificate. In addiction, Apple established a scholarship to the Juilliard School of Music in Alex’s name.

Latest available statistics, published by “expandedramblings.com,” show that the iTunes’s growth has continued over the last 9 years since the one billionth download was reached (although by other reports some serious deceleration is occurring recently, as more users are streaming music on streaming services): as of 2/6/2013, there had been 25 billion song downloads from 800 million users who have 400 million credit cards on file with Apple. (The last two stats were updated 4/24/14).

YouTube video:
•“Speed of Sound” by Coldplay, the one billionth song downloaded on iTunes: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0k_1kvDh2UA

Sources:
http://www.apple.com/pr/library/2006/02/23iTunes-Music-Store-Downloads-Top-One-Billion-Songs.html
http://www.tuaw.com/2006/02/23/apples-billion-itunes-counter-clicks-to-one-billion/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ITunes_Store
http://expandedramblings.com/index.php/itunes-app-store-stats/
http://expandedramblings.com/index.php/itunes-app-store-stats/6/

Image credit:
•Made using iWeb software by me and using this image and superimposing 1,000,000,000 on it: http://www.sundriesshack.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/10/Steve-Jobs1.jpg
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+Josh King, sometimes i get as angry as you seem to be about what i regard as mass stupidity about some issue. As things have been going, we may all die, sooner or later, if that makes you feel any better. I’m looking into yoga, btw, to mitigate such feelings.
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Today in History: The World’s First “Real” Flying Car Took Flight, 1937
On February 21, 1937 — 78 years ago today — what many flight historians consider to be “the first real flying car,” Waldo Waterman’s “Arrowbile,” flew for the first time. Waldo Waterman had been working on the idea of a flying car for many years, ever since a pioneer aviator (Glenn Curtiss) had first expressed (1911) a desire to Waterman to be able to drive his plane from the landing field to home. In 1934, when Waterman learned about the U.S. Bureau of Air Commerce’s contest to develop a safe, easy-to-fly, and affordable aircraft for $700, he entered a design that represented the culmination of his design thinking to that time. This design, which Waterman called the “Arrowplane,” won an award, although it did not meet the targeted $700 cost. Nonetheless, the Bureau’s award did motivate Waterman to start a company to produce an actual car-plane — the Waterman Arrowplane Co. In an effort to drive costs lower, Waterman used as many standard automobile components as possible, including a Studebaker engine. By 1937, Waterman succeeded in developing 3 planes that could fly, and he test piloted the first plane to fly on this date in 1937. (The wings were detachable, and they were removed for driving on roads; re-attached at the airport for flight.)

YouTube videos:
•Universal Newsreel showing car transition to airplane by adding detachable wings: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V6N_T6RMznw
•The World’s First Flying Car: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S5TGoJ9nWTc
•Waterman Aerocar: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UTzofkDtIKI @00:26

Sources:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Waterman_Arrowbile
http://www.complex.com/sports/2013/06/a-history-of-the-flying-car/1936-autogiro-company-of-america-ac-35 (scroll down or search “Waterman”)
http://content.time.com/time/specials/2007/article/0,28804,1658545_1657867_1657684,00.html
http://airandspace.si.edu/collections/artifact.cfm?object=nasm_A19610156000
http://www.popularmechanics.com/flight/a8680/why-dont-we-have-flying-cars-15128771/
http://vintageairphotos.blogspot.com/2013/09/waldo-watermans-whatsit.html
http://io9.com/a-treasury-of-flying-cars-from-the-golden-age-of-aviat-510910460
http://www.impactlab.net/2010/08/25/history-of-the-flying-car-part-3-the-waterman-aerobile/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Waldo_Waterman

Image credits:
•Left: Waterman Aerobile on Display at the Smithsonian Institution. Picture taken by Mark Pellegrini in the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center (Smithsonian Air and Space museum extension in Dulles, Virginia) 
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Waterman_Aerobile_6.jpg#file
•Right top: Waterman Arrowbile in Flight. By SDASM Archives (Waterman  Uploaded by PDTillman) [see page for license], via Wikimedia Commons
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AWaterman_Aerobile_in_flight.jpg
•Right bottom: Waldo Waterman, designer and builder of the first practical flying car.
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AWaldo_Waterman.jpg
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No, no, you would not find me in this thing flying through the air. Never. But a very nice effort, Waldo.
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Today in History: First Manmade Object to Touch Another Planet
On March 1, 1966 — 49 years ago today — the Soviet space probe, Venera-3, crash landed onto Venus and became the first spacecraft to hit another planet from Earth. The purpose of Venera-3’s mission was to collect data on Venus’s temperature and atmospheric pressure and composition. Although Soviet scientists communicated 93 times with Venera-3 from its launch on November 16, 1965 to just before the time it entered Venusian atmosphere on February 16, 1966, they lost contact with the spacecraft as it began its close orbit of Venus and crashed into Venus today, 49 years ago. While unsuccessful in achieving the full purposes of the mission, Venera-3 was the first space probe to touch another planet’s surface.

YouTube videos:
•Atmosphere and Weather of Venus (from later data of probes after Venera-3): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nf_mxmrDTV8

Web sources:
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/soviet-probe-crashes-into-venus
http://www.wired.com/2010/03/0301venera-3-crashes-venus/
http://www.universetoday.com/36684/landings-on-venus/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Venera
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Observations_and_explorations_of_Venus
http://www.planetary.org/explore/space-topics/space-missions/missions-to-venus-mercury.html

Image credits:
•Left: Global radar view of Venus (without clouds) from the Magellan space probe (imaging from 1990-1994). By NASA (http://photojournal.jpl.nasa.gov/catalog/PIA00104) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons:
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AVenus_globe.jpg
•Right: Venera-3 NASA photo: https://solarsystem.nasa.gov/multimedia/display.cfm?IM_ID=3664
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+Roland J. Ruttledge, yes, indeed, haha:
•March 20, 1966: FIFA World Cup Trophy stolen from a London exhibit.
•March 27, 1966: Pickles the dog finds the FIFA World Cup Trophy wrapped in a newspaper in a south London garden.
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Evolution: Crawl, Traverse, Adapt, Crawl, Traverse
Are we moving toward creatures who could eventually adapt to living in space?
 
A Brief Thought Experiment on Evolution

The process by which modern organisms descended from our ancient ancestors is stunning. In a billion years, our ancestors have evolved from micro organisms into every form of life we know today.

What might that mean for the next billion years?

The short answer is we have no idea. Who could have predicted that humans, cats, dogs, bears, trees, plants, grass, insects, or any life form could have evolved from bodies of water filled with microorganisms.

When you add in the impact of technology where future humans may be able to rewire themselves or reprogram their own DNA, its clear that any predictions about what's possible are futile.

Yet there are some intriguing patterns that arise if you look far enough back in history. Let's take a quick look through some of the basic stages.

The history of life

Somewhere between 500 million and 1 billion years ago multicellular complex lifeforms began crawling around the ocean floors. To them, the floor was their entire universe, and crawling permitted new ways to explore. 

Then some time millions of years later, the ability to swim arose. The proto-amphibians were able to leave the ocean floor and traverse through the water, examining an entirely new environment. The universe had suddenly expanded.

But these proto-amphibians could not leave the ocean. They could not breathe in what lay outside the waters. They may have been aware that something existed beyond the water, and some may have even momentarily left the ocean, but they were still limited.

Then something interesting happened. After a tremendously large number of mutations over several hundred million years, these lifeforms were able to adapt. Suddenly a new environment existed open to exploitation and wonder.

In time amphibians begin crawling on the land, repeating the process of investigation that itheir ancestors did on the ocean floor millions of years prior.

The mutating continued for several hundred millions of years, eventually producing humans.

Humans developed the ability to leave the floor of the earth and traverse through the air. But we cannot breath in what lay outside the atmosphere. We are aware that something exists beyond the planet, some of us even having left it momentarily, but we are still limited.

And thus the cycle repeats. Crawl, Traverse, Adapt, Crawl, Traverse...

If this pattern is able to continue, the logical conclusion is that humans will eventually adapt to space. They will they be able to live in a new environment, traversing through it with the same ease that early fish once swam the oceans.

If such an adaption occurs, and whatever species arises is able to reach the edges of the universe, what new environment might this future species peek in to?



For More Thought Experiments Like This - Click Here: www.todd-william.com/category/thoughteperiments/
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Humans may even branch out into those that adapted to living in space and those that perished in the process. But OP has a very logical perception about future of human evolution.
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Today in History: First Pneumatic Subway Opened to Public, 1870
On February 26, 1870 — 145 years ago today — the first test case for a pneumatic subway was opened in a 300-foot tunnel below Broadway in New York City. A visionary inventor, Alfred Ely Beach, proposed such an underground transportation system to deal with congestion on the streets in New York City. But Beach could not get the necessary political support to gain legal permission for an underground people transport system. However, Beach took advantage of a state franchise offered for the construction of an underground pneumatic tube for the transport of letters and packages. Secretly, Beach built the franchised tunnel/tube to also accommodate the transport of people.

On February 1870, after just over a year of tunneling, Beach announced his secret pneumatic subway to the stunned public. The one block long subway, including a station with a grand piano, chandeliers, and a goldfish-stocked fountain, opened today and created a sensation in New York. During its first year of operation, 400,000 visitors paid 25¢ [about $4.60 today] for the one-block long ride between Warren Street and Murray Street under Broadway.

Despite the popularity of the short subway line, Beach struggled with political forces — business owners who were worried that the subway would affect the structural integrity of their buildings and other entrepreneurs who were interested in building elevated railways — for years until 1873 when a bill to extend his subway was signed into law by New York’s governor. But then a stock market crash caused investors to withdraw support, and it would be another 25 years before subway plans were renewed — shortly after Beach’s death in 1896 at age 69.

YouTube video:
•Why Did America’s First Subway Fail? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3HHllC4TbeY
•Pneumatic Transit (no voice): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=awRKZxSMsBw


Sources:
http://www.wired.com/2010/02/0226new-york-pneumatic-subway/
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/technology/nyunderground/secret.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beach_Pneumatic_Transit
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alfred_Ely_Beach
http://www.columbia.edu/~brennan/beach/
http://www.nycsubway.org/wiki/Beach_Pneumatic_Transit
http://www.westegg.com/inflation/infl.cgi

Image credit:
•Top: The Beach Pneumatic Subway Way-Station.
http://www.nycsubway.org/wiki/Beach_Pneumatic_Transit#The_Broadway_Tunnel
•Bottom Left: The Beach Subway Tunnel.
http://www.nycsubway.org/wiki/Beach_Pneumatic_Transit#The_Broadway_Tunnel
•Bottom Right: Inside a Beach Subway Car.
http://www.nycsubway.org/wiki/Beach_Pneumatic_Transit#The_Broadway_Tunnel
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Love those illustrations!
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Today in History: First U.S. Rocket Reaches Space, 1949
On February 24, 1949 — 66 years ago today — the U.S. launched its first rocket to reach outer space, to an altitude of 244 miles (393 kilometers). The rocket used was a modified Nazi Germany V-2 rocket that had been seized by the U.S. armed forces after World War II and sent to the White Sands Proving Ground in New Mexico. Such a rocket was the first rocket to reach outer space when it was test launched by the Germans in June, 1944, and reached an altitude of 117 miles (189 kilometers). These V-2 rockets were designed by Wernher von Braun and his team of scientists in Germany, who were relocated for a time to the U.S. Army’s White Sands Proving Ground after the war.

According to the Fédération Aéronautique International, space begins about 100 kilometers (62 miles) above the Earth’s surface.

YouTube videos:
•A V-2 Rocket Launch in 1946: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=emMIM3CKGtQ
•Another V-2 Rocket Launch: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=01rQbJ-MhDk
•White Sands Missile Range Museum (short 2:01, no narration): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5b7yWF-S2fk

Sources:
http://www.edn.com/electronics-blogs/edn-moments/4428789/1st-US-rocket-to-reach-outer-space-launches--February-24--1949
http://exploration.grc.nasa.gov/education/rocket/TRCRocket/history_of_rockets.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/RTV-G-4_Bumper
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/White_Sands_Missile_Range
http://web.archive.org/web/20080110163113/http://www.wsmr.army.mil/pao/FactSheets/bump.htm
http://www-pao.ksc.nasa.gov/history/rocket-history.htm
http://www.edn.com/electronics-blogs/edn-moments/4397678/German-rocket-is-1st-to-reach-space--October-3--1942
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spaceflight
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Outer_space

Image credits:
•Left: Launch of first U.S. Rocket to reach outer space. By NASA (Great Images in NASA Description) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons:
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3ABumper.jpg
•Right: Wernher von Braun with a model of the V-2 rocket. http://www.ieeeghn.org/wiki/index.php/File:Von_Braun.jpg
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I have a pitcher of this man in a SS uniform and smiling 
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Brad Acker

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Today in History: Swede Firsts —
Radio Selective Tuning Device Patented (1916) and
Orbital Satellite Launch (1986)
On February 22, 1916 — 99 years ago today — Ernst F. W. Alexanderson, an early radio and television pioneer, was granted a patent (U.S. patent 1,008,577) for a “Selective Tuning Device” for radios. This device became an integral part of modern radio systems. 

Ernst Alexanderson was born in Sweden in 1878. His father was a professor of languages, so Ernst developed an ability to learned a number of languages, including German, French, Latin, and English (in addition to his native Swedish). When he came across an English copy of Alternating Current Phenomena by Dr. Charles P. Steinmetz, he was so impressed by its content that he decided to move to the United States and collaborate with Steinmetz, which he did in 1902 (and collaborated with Dr. Steinmetz beginning in 1904).

In addition in doing design work for Dr. Steinmetz, Alexanderson worked for General Electric and later RCA (Radio Corporation of America). During his career, Alexanderson accumulated 344 patents, was awarded the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineer’s Medal of Honor (given for an extraordinary career in radio), and inducted posthumously into the National Inventors Hall of Fame.

------------------------------

On February 22, 1986 — 29 years ago today — Sweden launched its first satellite, Viking, from Kourou in French Guyana. The satellite was a piggyback payload on the Ariane 1 rocket that also orbited the French remote sensing satellite SPOT. Viking was put into a polar orbit and conducted scientific observations of complex plasma processes in the magnetosphere and ionosphere of the Earth. The Viking mission’s purpose was “to investigate the interactions between the hot collisionless plasmas and the cold collisionless plasmas on auroral zone magnetic field lines and to relate these processes to the detailed auroral characteristics.”  

-------------------------------

YouTube video:
•Tuning up the Alexanderson Alternator (another earlier invention of Alexanderson, not the subject of the patent issued on 2/22/1916):
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=neJeIxaMqF0
-------------------------------
•Ariane 1 launch of Viking satellite: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4Y4a-8KySew

Sources:
http://inventors.about.com/library/inventors/blalexanderson.htm
••http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tuned_radio_frequency_receiver
http://www.ieeeghn.org/wiki/index.php/Ernst_F._W._Alexanderson
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexanderson_alternator
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ernst_Alexanderson
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_radio
http://www.edisontechcenter.org/alexanderson.html
http://www.oldradio.com/archives/jurassic/alexan.htm
http://www.nndb.com/people/823/000141400/
http://www.edisontechcenter.org/alexanderson.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_National_Inventors_Hall_of_Fame_inductees
-------------------------
http://www.irf.se/program/sspt/projects/satellites/ssc_viking/
http://www.irf.se/Topical/Other/?newsid=69&group=Administration
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ariane_1
http://space.skyrocket.de/doc_lau_det/ariane-1.htm
http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/spacecraftDisplay.do?id=1986-019B

Image credits:
•Left Top: Early model of radio tuning device. By S, Gordon Taylor in Popular Radio magazine, 1924.
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3ATuning_Neutrodyne_receiver_1924.jpg
•Left Bottom: Ernst Alexanderson. http://www.oldradio.com/archives/jurassic/alex1.jpg
•Right: Viking Satellite. http://www.space.irfu.se/viking/viking.gif
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I love the Swedish people!
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Education
  • Syracuse University, Syracuse NY
  • Horace Greeley High School, Chappaqua, NY
  • Weston High School, Weston, MA
  • Wilson Jr. High School, West Lawn, PA
  • Sinking Spring Elementary School, Sinking Spring, PA
  • Lincoln Park Elementary School, West Lawn, PA
  • Shillington Elementary School, Shillington, PA
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Birthday
July 19, 1950
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Tagline
learning- and liberty-lover; techno-optimist; social media researcher; writer + iBook creator (in progress); co-host with my partner "A+A Healthy Lifestyles" hangouts; interested in helping special artists and entrepreneurs succeed
Introduction
Seeker of Creative Bliss; Techno-Utopian, Techno-Optimist, Anarcho-Singularitarian who sees a rapidly approaching future where "political representatives" and national governments are unnecessary. Crowdsourcing (not government) identifies and solves problems in the new networked, creative, collaborative civilization ahead. Ready to collaborate with artists and entrepreneurs to build life-long communities, based on shared passions and well-earned, always-growing trust. Try to be 100% vegan, not always successful.

My experience includes heavy-use of multiple social media platforms; sales and marketing (have sold millions of dollars of computer hardware and software products and services); teaching and instructional technology; and mentoring young artists and entrepreneurs.

Summary of 40+ years of experience:
- social media experience and consulting, 2000-2010;
- non-profit internet educational organization in mid-late 1990s;
- resume production and career counseling (late 1980s to early 1990s);
- computer sales (at Wang when fastest growing billion dollar sales co. in late 1970s, early 1980s);
- temporary office help management and sales (1970s);
- information technology consulting (1970s);
- word processing service bureau management (1970s);
- internships at IBM and RCA.
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2 high school teachers came home for dinner to meet my parents, haha!
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    CEO, 1992 - present
  • ANBC, AENC, ARTS, Wang Laboratories, Inc., Work Processing, Inc., RCA, IBM
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Reading, Shillington, Sinking Spring, PA - Weston, MA; Chappaqua, NY; Sudbury, MA, Boston, MA; Cambridge, MA; Brighton, MA
Contact Information
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