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Brad Acker
Works at BNC
Attended Syracuse University, Syracuse NY
Lives in Revere, MA
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Snuggable Google Panda Announcement
You may want to check the date on the calendar first, but what a product!
 
Haven’t we all yearned for a friend who could answer any question, while always being there for a snuggle? Today, the wait is over — Google Panda is here → goo.gl/p696Cn
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I hope they come with optional voice modes, as chipmunk is hard to translate.
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Today in History: The Eiffel Tower Officially Opened, 1889
On March 31, 1889 — 126 years ago today — the Eiffel Tower was officially opened to the public. The Tower was designed by Gustave Eiffel’s company for the 1889 World’s Fair that was to be held in Paris, to mark the 100-year anniversary of the French Revolution. From among over 100 artists, Gustave Eiffel, who was a prominent French engineer, and his team’s design beat out competitive designs — as Eiffel’s structure was the most audacious. The tower was constructed of 7,000 tons of iron and rose to a height of 300 meters (almost 1,000 feet), the tallest structure in the world for this period (and for 4 decades after its construction, until the Chrysler Building was built in New York City in 1930). Initially, it was built to serve only as the elaborate entrance to the 1889 World’s Fair and only intended to last for 20 years, but its soaring height, delicate lines, and airy volume grew on Parisians as well as tourists from around the world. Eiffel had been using his apartment in the Tower to conduct radio and wind experiments, and the Tower subsequently became an important communications and experimental hub. The growing French consensus was that the structure should be maintained as a tourist attraction (over 1,000 people visit the Tower every hour) and communications tower as long as possible. So although initially destined for demolition in 1909, the Eiffel Tower has become one of the most enduring symbols of architectural design and structure in the world today.

YouTube videos:
•Eiffel Tower, Paris: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uL3vavzHlqw
•The History of the Eiffel Tower: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dRnUlBhNirQ

Web sources:
http://www.history.com/topics/eiffel-tower
http://www.history.com/news/10-things-you-may-not-know-about-the-eiffel-tower
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eiffel_Tower

Book sources:
The Eiffel Tower by Bertrand Lemoine. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/3836509032/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=3836509032&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=46376CSNE3LPRP6Z
Eiffel’s Tower: The Thrilling Story Behind Paris’s Beloved Monument and the Extraordinary World’s Fair That Introduced It by Jill Jonnes. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0143117297/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0143117297&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=L3SKHPDYOGAY2JAJ
The Tallest Tower: Eiffel and the Belle Epoque by Joseph Harriss. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/1588321029/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=1588321029&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=7FFC7KLMXS3JMKDR

Memorabilia (fyi):
•Eiffel Tower Beaded Bookmark. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/1593593090/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=1593593090&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=XVC3FIUBK77OC7IO
•Lego Architecture: The Eiffel Tower. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B00AW08UN2/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=B00AW08UN2&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=GEDAXHT367O7PKMO

Image credits:
Left:  Eiffel Tower, as seen from the Champ de Mars, Paris, France. By Benh LIEU SONG (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3ATour_Eiffel_Wikimedia_Commons.jpg 
Right Top to Bottom:
•Eiffel Tower at night with lights: http://wallpaperciv.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/05/Awesome-Eiffel-Tower-at-Night.jpg
•Eiffel Tower by the Seine River, Paris, May 2014. By Nicolas Halftermeyer (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AEiffel_Tower_by_the_Seine_river%2C_Paris%2C_2_March_2014.jpg
•View from the center of the bottom of the Tower looking directly toward the top of the structure. By Alec Smith (Image Mundi) posted on Google+: https://plus.google.com/+AlecSmith-ImageMundi/posts/e5JhGeKb7vs

#history  
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Saw the lights at 10 pm tonight, beautiful
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Today in History: China’s First Imperial Emperor’s Mausoleum Complex Uncovered, 1974
On March 29, 1974 — 41 years ago today — farmers digging a water well on barren land discovered what archaeologists would later determine to be the most massive mausoleum complex ever discovered. When the farmers uncovered fragments of terracotta (clay-based ceramic) warriors and bronze weapons, the Chinese State Administration of Cultural Heritage sent a team of archaeologists to conduct a full-scale excavation of the site, which still has not been fully uncovered but is clearly a “necropolis” — literally meaning in Greek a “city of the dead.” What the archaeologists have found so far are thousands of terracotta warriors and horses (in the range of 6,000 to 7,000), configured to protect the the tomb of the Emperor Qin, the first unifier (victorious warrior) of mainland China. 

The original mausoleum complex was built from 221-207 B.C. during the reign of Qin Shi Huang, the founder of the Qin dynasty in China. Qin apparently knew that the new gigantic territory that he unified (conquered) was to last a long time, as he ordered 700,000 people to build the mausoleum in his honor as the founder of “Qin,” now known as “China.” In 1976, the Chinese State Administration of Cultural Heritage built a large arched hall with a steel frame above the huge pit where the mausoleum was discovered. Inside the hall, there have been about 1,000 terra cotta warriors unearthed and restored as closely as possible to their original condition. Of course, tourists are welcome! [See: http://www.travelchinaguide.com/cityguides/xian/terracotta.htm.]

YouTube videos:
•Secrets of China’s Terracotta Warriors Documentary (Length 50:10). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kKJkQS_Ivaw
•Documentary: China’s Terracotta Army (Length: 53:06). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ag2P_CoQiMQ
•Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor (Length 27:42). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zrmxpnSvaoo
•World Heritage China: The Mausoleum of Emperor Qin Shihaung (Length 01:33:43). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FQnXsJ7Taw8
•The First Emperor of China by DocumFeed (Length 01:42:26). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LBjLiKNot_w

Web sources:
http://www.history.com/news/5-things-you-may-not-know-about-the-terra-cotta-army?cmpid=Social_Google_Hith_03282014_1
http://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/terra-cotta-soldiers-on-the-march-30942673/?no-ist
http://video.nationalgeographic.com/video/exploreorg/china-terra-cotta-warriors-eorg
http://history1900s.about.com/od/1970s/qt/terracottaarmy.htm
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Terracotta
http://www.bmy.com.cn/
http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/441
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Qin_dynasty
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mausoleum_of_the_First_Qin_Emperor
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Necropolis
http://www.chinahighlights.com/xian/terracotta-army/
http://www.discoverchinatours.com/discovery_emperor_qinshihuang_mausoleum_construction.html
http://www.history.com/images/media/pdf/ChinasFirstEmperorSG.pdf

Book sources:
The Eternal Army: The Terracotta Soldiers of the First Emperor by Roberto Ciarla and Araldo De Luca. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/8854406279/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=8854406279&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=ST2YOMET3T3CUW3Z
Hidden Army: Clay Soldiers of Ancient China by Jane O’Connor. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0448455803/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0448455803&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=S7CNNNJ76XAM4R4V

Image credits:
•The Terracotta Army, excavated and returned to original configurations. http://www.thousandwonders.net/Terracotta+Army
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Is the U.S. building a similar “necropolis” — only globally with our military bases and terra-flesh soldiers?
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Brad Acker

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Do you know who is the person responsible for updating views and followers on our profile pages? Do you know why the timing of the updates varies from day to day? I wasn’t following these numbers as closely in the past as I am now, but weren’t these numbers updated more regularly than they are now? (I was wondering if the laxness now is an indication that G+ plans to drop these figures.) Any information would be helpful regarding this issue. Thanks.
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julie anne p's profile photoJohn R. Ellis's profile photo
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I doubt there is "a person" at G+ who manages this activity.  Everything is done by computer algorithms if possible, and it can take a day or so for the servers around the world to update any changes.  Views have always taken several days to refresh, but Followers usually is a day or less.
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Why do you want a driverless car? 
...or why don’t you want a driverless car?
According to Google’s self-driving car leader, Chris Urmson, Google driverless cars have driven more than 750,000 miles with an accident. Urmson says that drivers are “the least reliable part” of a car: 1.2 million people are killed on the road each year around the world — the equivalent of a “737 falling out of the sky every working day.” And while i love human lives (for the most part, haha) and especially enjoy driving accident-free, my favorite reason for wanting a driverless car is that it would allow me to really observe my environment, give my full attention to my riding partner, think deeply about certain issues, and generally save me so much time wasted in traffic.

Do you agree or disagree?

References:
safecarnews.com/googles-urmson-says-driverless-cars-could-be-ready-in-five-years_m6191/
www.bbc.com/news/technology-31931914
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why even commute when one can easily work in virtual reality... no need to travel long distances...
take this:
http://3dprint.com/52842/4d-printed-structures
and add it to this:
http://www.fastcodesign.com/3021522/innovation-by-design/mit-invents-a-shapeshifting-display-you-can-reach-through-and-touch

and u get the virtual  reality experience...
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Today in History: NASA announced discovery of farthest known orbiting object in Solar System
On March 26, 2014 — just 1 year ago today — NASA announced the discovery of “Biden,” the most-distant known celestial object in our Solar System. The dwarf planet, Biden, is calculated to be about 450 kilometers in diameter, probably composed of ice and rock. It is now considered to be the farthest from the Sun, in the inner Oort Cloud. The planet is officially designated as 2012 VP 113, but the team of discoverers nicknamed it “Biden” because the “VP” is in its official designation. After more observations of its orbit, an official name will be submitted to the International Astronomical Union for approval.

YouTube videos:
•New Planet at Solar System’s Edge Gets “Biden” Nickname (Length: 01:44 ). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2PNAhEKSfz0
•Dwarf Planet Discovery Hints at a Hidden Super Planet in Solar System (Length: 02:20). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7eCjYUj5kq4

Web sources:
http://www.nasa.gov/content/nasa-supported-research-helps-redefine-solar-systems-edge/index.html#.VQWGjmTF_T0
http://www.nature.com/news/dwarf-planet-stretches-solar-system-s-edge-1.14921
http://rt.com/news/dwarf-planet-biden-unlikely-region-505/
http://www.usnews.com/news/articles/2014/03/26/astronomers-discover-biden-floating-at-the-edge-of-the-solar-system
http://www.salon.com/2014/03/27/cosmic_discovery_scientists_find_a_new_dwarf_planet_beyond_pluto/
http://www.forbes.com/sites/paulrodgers/2014/03/27/pink-dwarf-planet-found-beyond-pluto/
https://solarsystem.nasa.gov/planets/profile.cfm?Object=KBOs
http://www.ibtimes.com/new-dwarf-planet-biden-discovered-2012-vp113-most-distant-family-member-solar-system-photo-1563728
http://yowusa.com/planetx/2014/planetx-2014-05a/1.shtml

Book source:
Dwarf Planets and Asteroids: Minor Bodies of the Solar System by Thomas Wm. Hamilton. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B00KGD8IGO/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=B00KGD8IGO&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=BTMH4WQW77JD7HKN

Image credits:
•Left: Diagram of the Solar System, not drawn to actual scale. https://ferrebeekeeper.files.wordpress.com/2014/03/kuiper_oort-en.jpg
•Right Top: “Biden” movement detected over time. By Scott S. Sheppard / Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory: 2012_VP113_discovery_image.jpg
•Right Bottom: “Biden” orbit of the sun relative to the planet orbits of Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, and Pluto. http://yowusa.com/planetx/2014/planetx-2014-05a/1.shtml
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+phil priestman
I got a charge outta that!  :-))
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Today in History: Ranger 9 took 5,814 images of Moon to prepare for eventual manned landing, 1965
On March 24, 1965 — 50 years ago today — the last flight in the Ranger Program took live photos of the Moon’s surface before crashing into it at about 100 miles per hour. To this date in 1965, only about a third of the launches toward the Moon had been successful in achieving their mission objectives. But the Ranger missions 7, 8, and 9 provided enough information to proceed ahead with the manned lunar program, as Ranger 9 showed that the lunar surface was safe enough for men to land on and then blast off from and return to Earth.

Missions to the Moon from August, 1958 to March, 1965:
(1) USA - Pioneer - failed lunar orbiter (August 1958)
(2) USSR - Luna 1958A - failed lunar impactor (September 1958)
(3) USA - Pioneer 1 - failed lunar orbiter (October 1958)
(4) USSR - Luna 1958B - failed lunar impactor (October 1958)
(5) USA - Pioneer 2 - failed lunar orbiter (November 1958)
(6) USSR - Luna 1958C - failed lunar impactor (December 1958)
(7) USA - Pioneer 3 - failed lunar flyby (December 1958)
(8) USSR - Luna 1 - failed lunar impactor (January 1959)
(9) USSR - Luna 1959A - failed lunar impactor (June 1959)
(10) USA - Pioneer 4 - FIRST successful lunar flyby * (March 1959)
(11) USSR - Luna 2 - FIRST successful lunar impactor (September 1959)
(12) USSR - Luna 3 - successful lunar flyby (October 1959)
(13) USA - Pioneer P-3 - failed lunar flyby (November 1959)
(14) USA - Ranger 1 - failed earth-orbit test vehicle (August 1961)
(15) USA - Ranger 2 - failed earth-orbit test vehicle (November 1961)
(16) USA - Ranger 3 - failed lunar lander (January 1962)
(17) USA - Ranger 4 - failed lunar lander (April 1962)
(18) USA - Ranger 5 - failed lunar lander (October 1962)
(19) USSR - Sputnik 25 - failed lunar lander (January 1963)
(20) USSR - Luna 4 - failed lunar orbiter (April 1963)
(21) USA - Ranger 6 - failed lunar impactor (January 1964)
(22) USA - Ranger 7 - successful lunar impactor (July 1964)
(23) USA - Ranger 8 - successful lunar impactor (February 1965)
(24) USA - Ranger 9 - successful lunar impactor (March 1965)

YouTube video:
•Images broadcast on live television from the Moon as Ranger 9 impacted the moon inside the Alphonsus crater on March 24, 1965 (Silent; Length 05:05). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dE8pe2EYlZA

Web sources:
http://www.jpl.nasa.gov/missions/ranger-9/
http://www.spaceflightinsider.com/space-flight-history/space-flight-heritage-50-year-anniversary-ranger-9-launch/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ranger_9
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/march/24/newsid_4063000/4063187.stm
http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/planetary/lunar/ranger.html
http://www.planetary.org/explore/space-topics/space-missions/missions-to-the-moon.html#zond3

Book source:
Lunar Impact: The NASA History of Project Ranger by R. Cargill Hall. Detailed book on the Ranger Program. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0486477576/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0486477576&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=JIJJQFPSLWF6HKTF

Image credits:
•Left: Ranger. By NASA Headquarters - Greatest Images of NASA (NASA-HQ-GRIN) (Great Images in NASA Description) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AThe_Ranger_Spacecraft_GPN-2000-001979.jpg
•Right: Range 9 photos of lunar surface seconds before impact on the Moon. http://www.spaceflightinsider.com/space-flight-history/space-flight-heritage-50-year-anniversary-ranger-9-launch/
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+Brad Acker, no one is as old as you!
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Today in History: Apple Was Founded, 1976
On April 1, 1976 — 39 years ago today — Apple was founded as a personal computer manufacturer by Steve Wozniak, Steve Jobs, and Ronald Wayne. Wozniak and Jobs had met 5 years earlier, and they both shared an interest in technology that empowered individuals (and a joy of playing pranks on people). Jobs recognized that Wozniak had the skills required to build a personal computer and persuaded Wozniak to partner in an effort to develop and market such computers. Showing early signs of business ingenuity, Jobs convinced a local computer store to place an order for 50 personal computers, payable upon delivery. Next, Jobs went to a national electronic parts supplier; and, using the purchase order as a form of verifiable credit, Jobs ordered the components needed for Wozniak to assemble the personal computers. Without any money, without any investors, Jobs had effectively launched Apple. However, Jobs was only 21; Wozniak was 25. So Jobs asked Ronald Wayne, an older, more experienced, business friend (with whom Jobs had worked at Atari while Jobs was in high school), to help them set up a partnership agreement and operate a business. 

After helping with the initial start-up materials — writing the manual for the personal computer, the partnership agreement (Wayne set up ownership as Wozniak 45%-Jobs 45%-Wayne 10%), and drawing the original logo, Wayne decided to leave the team. Wayne was the chief draftsman and product development engineer at Atari, and he also understood that all members of a partnership were legally responsible for any debts incurred by any partner. Because Wayne had substantially more assets than the young Jobs and Wozniak, Wayne exited the partnership; he says that he never regretted his decision, because his aim was only to help two young entrepreneurs get their business off the ground. 

YouTube videos:
•Apple Founders Steve Wozniak and Ron Wayne talk about Apple’s early years (length: xx:xx). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kVmq25UUoIk
•The History of Apple in under 10 minutes (length: 09:06). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DZyKlZcqrjk
•Steve Jobs: How Apple got its name (bad quality but informative; length: 02:56). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qzzOwRx3D1E
•Steve Wozniak: How Apple got its name (length: 01:28). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OfFsjEtiV_A
•Steve Wozniak from 1984 talking about computing, joining Apple, and the Mac. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=a5F5BwF1q4w
•Steve Wozniak on the Early Days of Apple—Haas School of Business, UC Berkeley (length 01:06:55). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=a5F5BwF1q4w

Web sources:
http://www.loc.gov/rr/business/businesshistory/April/apple.html
http://www.bloomberg.com/bw/articles/2014-12-04/apple-steve-wozniak-on-the-early-years-with-steve-jobs
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apple_Inc.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Apple_Inc.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ronald_Wayne

Book sources:
Steve Jobs by Walter Isaacson. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B004W2UBYW/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=B004W2UBYW&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=CG6HTMZXSQBGQTMM
iWoz, Computer Geek to Cult Icon: How I invented the personal computer, co-founded Apple, and had fun doing it by Steve Wozniak with Gina Smith. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B000VUCIZO/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=B000VUCIZO&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=ZFRBSS2TEHZ5S5Z4
Adventures of an Apple Founder by Ronald G. Wayne. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0615517420/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0615517420&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=3D25Q2YP6J5IPM4G
Founders at Work: Stories of Startups’ Early Days by Jessica Livingston. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B009IXMK4O/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=B009IXMK4O&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=ANBMLG26VW3OJQHJ

Image credits:
•Left: Steve Jobs (left) and Steve Wozniak (right). http://www.pcadvisor.co.uk/features/apple/3240934/apple-z-everything-you-need-know-about-apple/
•Right Top: Apple “Spaceship” Campus (currently under construction). http://www.bandwidthblog.com/2014/09/09/aerial-shots-of-first-stages-of-apples-spaceship-campus/
•Right Middle: Steve Jobs’s house in Los Altos, CA, and the garage where Apple began. http://stumptownblogger.typepad.com/.a/6a010536b86d36970c0147e36f18ff970b-pi
•Right Bottom: Ronald Wayne, the 10% partner of the original Apple team. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2388674/The-unluckiest-man-world-Meet-Ron-Wayne-Apple-Incs-forgotten-founder.html 
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Truly Apple changed many things but it is not about everyone's experience - just your own. It is a personal preference. Steve Jobs will forever remain an icon. You are entitled to your opinion and we individually are entitled to ours.
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Brad Acker

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Today in History: The Queensboro Bridge Opened, 1909
On March 30, 1909 — 106 years ago today — the Queensboro Bridge, linking Manhattan to Queensboro, first opened to public traffic. Originally, the Bridge was known as the Blackwell’s Island Bridge (Blackwell’s Island = Roosevelt Island); it was constructed by a company organized by wealthy landowners in Queens to bridge the East River at Blackwell’s (later Roosevelt’s) Island. But it took over 40 years from the first design to the final design for the bridge to be built.

YouTube videos:
•Simon and Garfunkel song about the Queensboro Bridge, “The 59th Street Bridge Song (Feelin’ Groovy).” https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VqU9PqIhuIY

Web sources:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Queensboro_Bridge
http://queensborobridge.org/
http://www.nyc-architecture.com/BRI/BRI006-QueensboroBridge.htm
http://www.nyc.gov/html/dot/html/infrastructure/queensboro-bridge.shtml

Book sources:
The Queensboro Bridge by The Greater Astoria Historical Society and The Roosevelt Island Historical Society. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/073855488X/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=073855488X&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=O3PJHZ75QQF7VYBH
The Bridges of New York by Sharon Reier. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B00A73BMIO/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=B00A73BMIO&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=ITEGW6LUGUD5VXJE

Image credits:
Top: Queensboro Bridge, New York City at night, view from Manhattan looking toward Roosevelt Island in the East River and Queensboro across the River. http://fineartamerica.com/featured/queensboro-bridge-nyc-jumper.html
Bottom Left and Center: Queensboro Bridge location made by Google Maps.
Bottom Right: Queensboro Bridge crossing East River and Manhattan from above Queensboro. By Sfoskett (Own work) [GFDL (www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) or CC-BY-SA-3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/)], via Wikimedia Commons:
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AQueensborough_Bridge_and_Midtown_Manhattan.jpg
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Robert Del-Rose's profile photoKenneth McCormack's profile photo
 
Nice check the tune my band played last night.
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Today in History: Worst Nuclear Accident in U.S. History Began, 1979
On March 28, 1979 — 36 years ago today — a sudden cascade of unexpected events caused a near total meltdown of a nuclear reactor at the Three Mile Island (TMI) Nuclear Plant on an island in the Susquehanna River about 11 miles south of Harrisburg, the Pennsylvania state capitol, and within 100 miles of Philadelphia to its East. At 4:00 A.M. on March 28, water-coolant pumps failed at TMI’s reactor 2 as it was running at 97% power. The reactor automatically shut down as it should have done when not receiving adequate coolant from the system. But then a valve stuck open and a relatively small amount of radiation was released into the atmosphere. Human operators reacted to this release by shutting down the entire cooling system as their instructions called for. Meters then indicated correctly that the reactor was overheating and in a dangerous state. Operators resumed the coolant flow; but the reactor core had become so hot that when water hit it again, the core shattered and began to meltdown. Fortunately, most of the released radiation was contained in the building and engineers struggled to regain control of the meltdown. After 5 agonizing days, they were successful. The reactor was permanently rendered useless, of course, and this accident marked a turning point in the heretofore growing nuclear energy industry in the U.S. 

YouTube videos:
•Three Mile Island Accident from The Engineering Channel (Length 01:49). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4Qwg4oERhvw
•Three Mile Island Documentary: Nuclear Power’s Promise and Peril by Retro Report / The New York Times (Length:12:59). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_0P9S4F4KpQ
•Meltdown at Three Mile Island (Nothing Compared to Fukushima). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4vNDlVDVqes
•Fukushima, Chernobyl, Three Mile Island: Up Close and Personal. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cPJ9hvjqvqc
•Wasteland: The nuclear graveyard under New Mexico (Length: 12:45). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zDgBUwhUAVE
•The Nuclear Waste Destruction 2014 New Documentary (Length 01:07:29). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HMoaK_2DlLQ

Web sources:
http://www.nytimes.com/2014/04/29/us/three-mile-island-and-nuclear-hopes-and-fears.html?_r=0
http://www.nrc.gov/reading-rm/doc-collections/fact-sheets/3mile-isle.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Three_Mile_Island_accident
http://www.world-nuclear.org/info/Safety-and-Security/Safety-of-Plants/Safety-of-Nuclear-Power-Reactors/
http://www.ucsusa.org/our-work/nuclear-power/nuclear-power-accidents#.VRWxMjvF_T1
http://www.mnn.com/earth-matters/energy/stories/political-habitat-the-lie-of-three-mile-island
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/nuclear-accident-at-three-mile-island
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/three/filmmore/transcript/index.html

Book sources:
TMI 25 Years Later: The Three Mile Island Nuclear Power Plant Accident and Its Impact by Bonnie Anne Osif, Anthony J. Baratta, and Thomas W. Conkling. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0271027436/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0271027436&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=XU6N2CYOZ2IJ6XPN

Image credits:
•Top: Three Mile Island Nuclear Power Plant from bird’s eye view. https://radioactivemonticello.files.wordpress.com/2012/04/pic_three_mile_island_jf2009_1000px.jpg
•Across Bottom from Left to Right:
*New York Times Front Page, March 29, 1979. http://whyfiles.org/130nukes/
*Time Magazine Cover Story, “Nuclear Nightmare,” April 9, 1979. http://takemeback.to/media/cover/cover-Time-19790409-75339.jpg
*Photo of President Jimmy Carter touring Three Mile Island Nuclear Plant on April 1, 1979. By John G. Kemeny et al [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Carter_TMI-2.jpg
*Sign from the Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission to memorialize the Three Mile Island Nuclear Accident. http://eccentricroadside.blogspot.com/2011/11/i-saw-nukes-today-oh-boy-pennsylvanias.html
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+Johnny Turner
The only people killed were from the replacement fossil power that replaced TMI.  100's of thousands a year are still dying from it.
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Today in History: Two communications firsts achieved, 1884 and 1899
On March 27, 1884 — 131 years ago today — the first successful long-distance telephone line between New York City and Boston was inaugurated, and the dream of uniting the world through copper wires for instant communication began to become more clear. Prior to this particular 235 mile (378 kilometers) long distance line, there had been lines between (1) Lowell and Boston and (2) Providence and Boston. (The New York City to Boston line was not opened to the public until September, 1884.)

On March 27, 1899 — 116 years ago today — the first successful wireless transmission via radio waves took place between France and England across the English Channel. Marconi was trying to interest investors in his radio invention, and he was hoping a demonstration of wireless communication across the English Channel would interest the French government. As Rowland F. Pocock writes in The Early British Radio, “Marconi had not over-estimated the publicity value of the cross-Channel link. This first demonstration of international radio telegraphy brought a rapid rise in the Company’s quotation on the stock market.”

YouTube videos:
•Marconi by BBC World Videos (Length: 46:43). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Mb1WnO1KK4A

Web sources:
http://hightechhistory.com/2009/03/27/today-march-27-1884-the-first-long-distance-telephone-line-between-boston-and-new-york-is-inaugurated/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Long-distance_calling
http://www.bostonmagazine.com/news/blog/2014/03/27/throwback-thursday-first-phone-calls-new-york-boston/

http://www.stormfax.com/wireless.htm
http://earlyradiohistory.us/1899marc.htm
http://www.radio-electronics.com/info/radio_history/radiohist/radio_history.php
https://books.google.com/books?id=1h0NAQAAIAAJ&pg=PA142&lpg=PA142&dq=South+Foreland+England+and+Wimereux+Boulogne+France+radio+transmission+marconi+1899&source=bl&ots=HTAWoM-ra2&sig=xu61FHW6WitAKm7_qhHrlkjz9BM&hl=en&sa=X&ei=AY4UVc25OcfdoATLg4GQDg&ved=0CCkQ6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=South%20Foreland%20England%20and%20Wimereux%20Boulogne%20France%20radio%20transmission%20marconi%201899&f=false
http://www.studyhelpline.net/Biography/Scientist-Guglielmo-Marconi-biography.aspx

Book sources:
[coming soon - curation in progress]

Image credits:
Top: Brief Timeline of Copper Wire Telephone Connection Development. http://www2.alcatel-lucent.com/techzine/a-history-of-the-copper-telephone-line/
Bottom Left: Guglielmo Marconi. http://www.studyhelpline.net/Biography/Scientist-Guglielmo-Marconi-biography.aspx
Bottom Middle: Marconi’s radio transmission/receiving equipment in Boulogne, France. http://earlyradiohistory.us/1899marc.htm
Bottom Right:   Marconi’s radio transmission/receiving equipment in South Foreland, near Dover, England. http://earlyradiohistory.us/1899marc.htm
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"they sell you on Marconi, familiar but a phoney" - 
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-2zwBRa0YhA
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Today in History: Dog “Little Star” Orbited Earth and Returned Safely, 1961
On March 25, 1961 — 54 years ago today — Dog “Little Star” (“Zvezdochka” in Russian) was launched into a single orbit around the Earth and returned safely to Earth. Little Star’s flight paved the way for the first cosmonaut, Yuri Gagarin, to safely venture into space a few weeks later on April 12, 1961. Despite pressure from Soviet leader Khrushchev to ensure that the Soviet Union would become the first nation to put a man in space, the head of the Soviet space program would not allow a human into space until 2 dogs had returned safely to Earth after trips into orbit. Little Star was the second dog to return safely to Earth. Unfortunately, in the 10 years before Little Star’s successful flight, 48 dogs had been launched into space and 20 dogs lost their lives in rocket travel.

YouTube videos:
•BBC Series on the Soviet Space Dogs.
(1) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Fb4PkSm6D7c (Length 07:46)
(2) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9g7aNdPhXiM (Length 07:04)
(3) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_54n9zpoAUI (Length 05:22)
(4) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7EsGzbBbyAY (Length 05:43)
(5) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rM46Xzf5uts (Length 05:59)
(6) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yhr-CxGKmDc (Length 07:27)
(7) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Am_A8BExeqQ (Length 04:42) [Little Star at 03:30]

Web sources:
https://thedayintech.wordpress.com/tag/sputnik-10/
http://www.izh.ru/en/info/14244.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soviet_space_dogs
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Korabl-Sputnik_5
http://www.spacetoday.org/Astronauts/Animals/Dogs.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yuri_Gagarin

Book sources:
Soviet Space Dogs by Olesya Turkina and Stephen Sorrell. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0956896286/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0956896286&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=5VBKJ6LXQRVZ2BTK
Space Dogs: Pioneers of Space Travel by Chris Dubbs. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0595267351/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0595267351&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=W275YLZBE6G3TSEW

Image credits:
•Left: Little Star. https://thedayintech.wordpress.com/2014/03/25/little-star-launched-into-orbit/
•Right Top: Little Star in space helmut. https://thedayintech.wordpress.com/2014/03/25/little-star-launched-into-orbit/
•Right Bottom: Little Star Statue. https://thedayintech.files.wordpress.com/2014/03/3.jpg
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+Moon Beam
 Yep...It would not...
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Education
  • Syracuse University, Syracuse NY
  • Horace Greeley High School, Chappaqua, NY
  • Weston High School, Weston, MA
  • Wilson Jr. High School, West Lawn, PA
  • Sinking Spring Elementary School, Sinking Spring, PA
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learning- and liberty-lover; techno-optimist; social media researcher; writer + iBook creator (in progress); co-host with my partner "A+A Healthy Lifestyles" hangouts; interested in helping special artists and entrepreneurs succeed
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Seeker of Creative Bliss; Techno-Utopian, Techno-Optimist, Anarcho-Singularitarian who sees a rapidly approaching future where "political representatives" and national governments are unnecessary. Crowdsourcing (not government) identifies and solves problems in the new networked, creative, collaborative civilization ahead. Ready to collaborate with artists and entrepreneurs to build life-long communities, based on shared passions and well-earned, always-growing trust. Try to be 100% vegan, not always successful.

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