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Brad Acker
Works at BNC
Attended Syracuse University, Syracuse NY
Lives in Revere, MA
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Happy Saturday — Google+ secretly growing
The marketplace is dynamic! AOL once had a market valuation north of $150 billion; it is now valued at $3.13 billion. MySpace once dominated the social media space. Facebook now “dominates” the social media space. Or does it? Google can’t brag because it is under assault for “dominating search” — even though Bing is growing in usage (see http://searchengineland.com/bing-reaches-20-percent-search-milestone-in-us-market-218574). And while Bing is growing in search, look at what www.internetlivestats.com reports below.

I’m playing this tune right now.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uUmXXFbhokc
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I still wish Vic was leading g+ and Photos team!
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Today in History: Nearly “Lost in Space” Apollo 13 Mission Successfully Returned to Earth, 1970
On April 17, 1970 — 45 years ago today — Apollo 13 successfully returned from a near-fatal trip around the Moon for its 3 astronauts, 600-Space Hour Veteran Commander James A. Lovell, Command Module Pilot Jack Swigert, and Lunar Module Pilot Fred W. Haise. Apollo 13 was the third manned mission to the Moon; men going to the moon had become so routine to the public that the Apollo 13 launch was not even covered by the major television networks. The launch did begin in a routine way with the astronauts headed for the Moon. Oddly enough, on April 13, when the Apollo 13 spacecraft was about 200,000 miles from Earth, the service module’s oxygen tanks exploded (as a result of an electrical short-circut), blew off a panel on the service module (see photo below), and crippled their spacecraft — perhaps so much so that the astronauts would be “lost in space.”

The explosion caused a loss of electrical power to the command module. When its battery power had dwindled to 15 minutes left, the command module was shut down to reserve this power for eventual re-entry maneuvering. A decision was quickly made to abort the moon landing and to focus on how to return the astronauts to Earth, if possible. The Lunar Module was powered up and the astronauts transferred to the module to use its air-supply resources. As the astronauts were now close to the Moon, another decision was made to use the “boomerang” gravity effect of the Moon to send Apollo 13 back to Earth as soon as possible. Careful positioning firing of rockets needed to be made in order to target the Pacific Ocean landing zone.

There were no seats in the Lunar Module, but a near gravity free environment made standing and resting easier than it would have been on Earth. But because overall power was being conserved as much as possible, the temperatures in the Lunar Module became quite cold (Lovell said that just before they transferred back into the Command Module prior to re-entry into the Earth’s atmosphere, the temperature had gone down to 38° F). Moreover, the Apollo was not designed for this configuration: the Lunar Module was designed to descend to the Moon only and to return to the Command and Service Module. The Lunar Module was not designed to guide the entire spacecraft, so ground controllers had to make careful calculations about how to maneuver the spacecraft using the Lunar Module’s engines.

As the spacecraft approached Earth, the astronauts transferred back into the Command Module with little life-supply support time left — just enough to execute critical rocket-firing positioning. It was not known if the Service Module explosion had damaged the heat shield on the Command Module that was essential for re-entry. So the normal “black-out” time in radio communication (usually about 3-½ minutes) with the spacecraft as it enters the atmosphere and its parachutes deploy was harrowing, especially because it was almost 4-½ minutes until the astronauts’ voices were heard and spontaneous applause erupted in Mission Control. The astronauts were coming down within a few miles of the splashdown target zone in the Pacific Ocean! And by this time, people all over the world had learned about the danger of this flight and were glued to their televisions to watch the recovery!

YouTube videos:
•“Houston, We’ve Got a Problem” (length 28:20). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sJ3Q3kL7jcA
•Apollo 13 — The Real Story (length 40:05). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=h3RSqdj_VnY
•Apollo 13 Re-entry (length 01:00:59). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wX8-Vmys-Fk
•Apollo 13 Post-Flight Press Conference (01:15:54). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lMMw2QIHBLs
•40th Anniversary of Apollo 13 — Annual John H. Glenn Lecture (length 01:26:56). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nDqkBccEcb0

Web sources:
http://airandspace.si.edu/explore-and-learn/topics/apollo/apollo-program/landing-missions/apollo13.cfm
http://spectrum.ieee.org/aerospace/space-flight/apollo-13-we-have-a-solution
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apollo_13
https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/apollo/missions/apollo13.html
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Apollo_13_passing_Moon.jpg
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jim_Lovell
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jack_Swigert
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fred_Haise

Book & Documentary Film sources:
Apollo 13: The Untold Story. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B00HNMMJKW/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=B00HNMMJKW&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=IUC4BVRAKRZIU2PT

Memorabilia 
Apollo 13 by Ron Howard — a “dramatization” not a documentary. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B001JI72AI/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=B001JI72AI&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=JIBNPZBQB6CJHGIF

Image credits:
•Top Left: Apollo 13 service module with damage from an oxygen tank explosion (external panel blown off exposing inside destruction).  By James Lovell, John Swigert, Fred Haise (The Apollo Image Gallery) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons.
•Top Center: Apollo 13 headlines regarding oxygen tank explosion on April 13, 1970. http://www.nytimes.com/learning/general/onthisday/big/0413.html
•Top Right: A photograph of the Moon taken by the Apollo 13 astronaut crew from the Lunar Module (command module is visible outside the Lunar Module’s rendezvous window). By James Lovell, John Swigert, Fred Haise (The Apollo Image Gallery) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AApollo_13_passing_Moon.jpg
•Bottom Left: Apollo 13 command capsule with parachutes deployed in preparation for a landing in the Pacific Ocean. Frame from Apollo 13: The Untold Story.
•Bottom Center: Apollo 13 command capsule at the moment of splashdown in the Pacific Ocean. NASA photograph.
•Bottom Right: Apollo 13 astronauts on the stairs of the rescue helicopter on the recovery U.S. Navy ship. Frame from Apollo 13: The Untold Story.

Please also see this document: https://docs.google.com/document/d/1se0Vn9t190Wi--7ripDYtnQt-8ucb4oIN4mqIh12oco/edit
Apollo 13 circumlunar trajectory; the oxygen tank exploxed about 5-½ hours from entry into the Moon’s gravity field. The Lunar Module had to execute a number of unplanned rocket firings to correct the course so that splashdown would occur in the Pacific Ocean. By AndrewBuck (Own work) [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) or CC BY-SA 4.0-3.0-2.5-2.0-1.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0-3.0-2.5-2.0-1.0)], via Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AApollo_13_timeline.svg
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Ha ha ok I bow to your superior brainwashed intellect 
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On Demand Revolution
Jason’s “Shots of Awe” brief videos are often more stimulating than a good cup of coffee. This video is just under 3 minutes — and it amplifies on Kevin Kelly’s concept that “access is more important than ownership” in the new economy.
 

+Jason Silva ​ takes something I wrote and amplifies it, turning the dial to 11.  

THE ON DEMAND REVOLUTION-
"Access is more important than ownership" - Kevin Kelly
WATCH: http://youtu.be/rgTjKM4C9D
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Sure makes me happy that I'm in the wireless field.  RF is the center of this universe he speaks of.
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Today in History: Unsinkable “technology-marvel” Titanic sank, 1912
On April 15, 1912 — 103 years ago today — what was unimaginable to its captain and its owners became a real catastrophe: The Titanic sank at sea after hitting an iceberg just minutes before midnight on April 14. Of the 2,227 passengers on the Titanic, only 705 survived — over 1,500 people lost their lives. 

The captain was not running the Titanic at full speed, but — as was common practice at the time — at moderate speed to get through potential ice fields as quickly as possible. Most recent scientific analysis indicates that weak rivets were most likely responsible for the hull not being able to sustain a hit with an iceberg. Not enough life boats were carried to save all the passengers, as it had been assumed by the ship’s owners that the ship was unsinkable.

YouTube videos:
•Titanic: Original 1912 photographs (length 04:31). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xD9-z6Nw2FM
•Titanic Real Story: Full Documentary (including virtual reconstruction of the ship from its 15 square mile graveyard; length 01:26:30). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GFhLpXq2cMk
•Titanic Survivors: What They Saw (part 1; length 04:14). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ez_iSh5JqVo
•Titanic Survivors: What They Saw (part 2; length 05:05). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sVEvbEE0pwc
•RMS Titanic Survivors True Accounts of the Sinking (length 01:35:08). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Zfn1ZQFJcHw
•Titanic Disaster from the Disaster Channel (length 46:02). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=s0aUiYXKWas
•Titanic Underwater (length 07:08). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=68oCMs3X1lU

Web sources:
http://www.history.com/topics/titanic
http://hf.ro/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/RMS_Titanic
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/A_Night_to_Remember_(book)
http://thetitanicnhdproject.weebly.com/quotes-from-survivors.html
http://www.titanicuniverse.com/titanic-the-unsinkable-ship/1443
http://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2012/04/16/unsinkable-3

Book sources:
A Night to Remember: The Classic Account of the Final Hours of the Titanic by Walter Lord. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0805077642/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0805077642&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=IS7TIEERTOQAV7I3
882-½ Amazing Answers to Your Questions about the Titanic by Hugh Brewster, Laurie Coulter, and Ken Marschall. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0439042968/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0439042968&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=3L2JDNXDTMN4QV2B
The Titanic: An Interactive History Adventure: 3 Story Paths, 35 Choices, 15 Endings by Bob Temple. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/1429611820/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=1429611820&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=SWYNINXYTJ6OP5Y2
National Geographic Readers: Titanic by Melissa Stewart. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/1426310595/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=1426310595&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=UGREVDTF3LDAAKT6
Inside the Titanic (A Giant Cutaway Book) by Hugh Brewster and Ken Marschall. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0316557161/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0316557161&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=2R7ZZMBIESUGCIHP
Titanic: An Illustrated History by Donald Lynch, Ken Marschall, and Robert D. Ballard. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/078688147X/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=078688147X&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=GKV3WMDZHXHJQNDO

Image credits:
•Top: The Titanic on April 11, 1912 in Cork Harbour. By Unknown photographer, photo taken on April 11, 1912 [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3ATitanic-Cobh-Harbour-1912.JPG
•Center Left: The Boston Globe Headline: “Titanic Sinks, 1500 Die.” http://www.titanicuniverse.com/where-did-the-titanic-sink/2428
•Center Right: Map of the Titanic voyage, indicating the approximate spot of its sinking. By Prioryman (Own work) [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) or CC BY-SA 4.0-3.0-2.5-2.0-1.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0-3.0-2.5-2.0-1.0)], via Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3ATitanic_voyage_map.png
•Bottom Left: Titanic size comparison. By Wikisearcher, Phrood, Sonnenwind, Bruce89, Rogilbert (Image:Vergleich Titanic.png) [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) or CC-BY-SA-3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/)], via Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AVergleich_Titanic_(fr).png
•Bottom Right: According to Underwater Explorer Robert Ballard, shoes of mother and daughter (bodies are eaten by marine animals, decompose, and bones dissolve at the Titanic’s depth, although some skeletal remains may eventually be found deep inside the ship’s internal rooms). Frame from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l25QT9YFQFM
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I keep misspelling Titanic as Titantic. Damn.
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Today in History: First East-to-West Transatlantic Flight Completed, 1928
On April 13, 1928 — 87 years ago today — the first East-to-West non-stop transatlantic flight crash landed on Greenly Island, Canada after taking off about 36-½ to 37 hours earlier from Baldonnel, Ireland. The flight was piloted by Hermann Koehl, James Fitzmaurice, and Guenther von Huenefeld. Their plane was a single-engine, all metal “Junkersmonoplane” (a.k.a. “The Junkers W 33 Bremen”). The plane was damaged on landing and the pilots had to be rescued; it never made it to the final destination, Mitchell Field, New York, but it did complete a long stretch over the Atlantic from one continent to another.

Charles Lindberg had made the first solo West-to-East transatlantic flight a year earlier, in May, 1927. The East-to-West trip was considered by many aviators to be much more challenging, as a consequence of prevailing headwinds and unforeseen weather patterns.

YouTube videos:
•1928 Transatlantic Flight of the Bremen Aircraft mini-documentary (no sound, music; lenth 03:45). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7t2TsCYECpo 
•Original German film footage of the planning, take-off, crash landing, rescue of the crew, and post-flight celebrations of the first East-to-West transatlantic flight in April, 1928, beginning from Berlin (silent; length 12:16). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NU7Sa8QcLCw
•Slideshow of first plane to cross the Atlantic Ocean East-to-West (caution-loud music; length 01:04): Junkers W 33 Bremen. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zSyU55SPBCA

Web sources:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bremen_(aircraft)
http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0004537.html
http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hermann_K%C3%B6hl
http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ehrenfried_G%C3%BCnther_Freiherr_von_H%C3%BCnefeld
http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Fitzmaurice
http://www.edwardnjackson.com/Daily_News.html
http://www.charleslindbergh.com/history/paris.asp
http://www.charleslindbergh.com/history/timeline.asp

Book sources:
Transatlantic Flight: A Picture History, 1873-1939 by Joshua Stoff. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0486407276/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0486407276&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=6OYDM6K4RYUVS5E2

Memorabilia:
•1928 Newspaper Headline of First East-to-West Transatlantic Flight. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B00QL4IVUU/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=B00QL4IVUU&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=WOGRAQP3QRJV5XS2
•Junkers plane, similar to plane used in first East-to-West transatlantic flight. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B003IF9VFY/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=B003IF9VFY&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=L4SHZJIWUWJJQMQC

Image credits:
•Top: “Junkers” plane at its crash landing spot. By Edward N. Jackson (Library and Archives Canada / PA-126212) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AJunkers_aircraft_Bremen.jpg
•Bottom Left: Google Map of origination and destination point of first East-West flight across the Atlantic Ocean.
•Bottom Right: (from left to right) Mrs. Hermann Koehl, Hermann Koel, James Fitzmaurice, German Chancellor Wilhelm Marx, Guenther von Huenefeld, and the Finance Minister of Germany. Bundesarchiv, Bild 102-06094 / CC-BY-SA [CC BY-SA 3.0 de (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/de/deed.en)], via Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3ABundesarchiv_Bild_102-06094%2C_Berlin%2C_Empfang_der_Ozeanflieger.jpg

#history #monoplane #transatlantic
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Cool
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Today in History: First Man Traveled in Space, 1961
On April 12, 1961 — 54 years ago today — Soviet Cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin performed the first manned-space flight in history. At this point in the Space Race between the 2 super-powers after World War II, the U.S. and the U.S.S.R., the U.S.S.R. was ahead in firsts: 

(1) First satellite launched into space, Sputnik 1, on October 4, 1957.
(2) First animal to enter Earth orbit, Laika (dog), on November 3, 1957.
(3) First firing of a rocket in Earth orbit, Luna 1, and first near pass at Moon, launched January 2, 1959.
(4) First data communications from space (telemetry) during the Luna 1 mission in January, 1959.
(5) First man-made object to reach the surface of the Moon or any other celestial body, on September 14, 1959.
(6) First photographs of the far side of the Moon in late 1959.
(7) First animals returned safely from orbit, on August 19, 1960.
(8) First man in space on April 11, 1961.

It was this amazing record of early achievements in space by the U.S.S.R. that may have caused U.S. President Kennedy to deliver his famous “Moon Shot” speech before a joint session of Congress the very next month, on May 15, 1961, in which he asked Congress for a funding commitment to land a man on the moon and return him safely.

YouTube videos:
•Yuri Gagarin: 108 minutes that changed the world (length: 03:24). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=umY92y25DrA
•Vostok-1 launch (humankind’s first spaceflight; length 00:56). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tfhulSjjGXA&list=PL3C42BA0DE26A29AE&index=17
•Yuri Gagarin, 12 April 1961, First Human in Orbit (no audio narration; length 05:13). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uUDyO3u0QYs
•Yuri Gagarin on BBC TV on July 11, 191 (translator involved; length 06:58). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MzzBr65ZFwM
•Gagarin: Untold Story of First Man in Space (RT documentary; length 25:59). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G6H9zqKtb5w
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TUXuV7XbZvU

Web sources:
http://sputniknews.com/science/20110330/163289008.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yuri_Gagarin
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/first-man-in-space
http://www.space.com/16159-first-man-in-space.html
http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/shuttle/sts1/gagarin_anniversary.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_space_exploration_milestones,_1957%E2%80%931969

Book sources:
The Cosmonaut Who Couldn’t Stop Smiling: The Life and Legend of Yuri Gagarin by Andrew L. Jenks. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B0082D48PA/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=B0082D48PA&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=HWEOH72KWCSBVOHI
The Great Space Race by Don Dennis. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B00A8A73IO/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=B00A8A73IO&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=O2CJBQ7MREK4EAQF

Image credits:
•Top Left: Launch of the Vostok 1, the first manned spaceflight with Yuri Gagarin on board. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/b/b6/Vostok1_big.gif
•Top Middle: Newspaper Headline reporting on the the first manned spaceflight by the U.S.S.R. http://myweb.tiscali.co.uk/thedixieflatline/rants/07_pics/gagarin.jpg
•Top Right: Vostok-1 space capsule. http://www.iainclaridge.co.uk/blog/wp-content/uploads/2013/04/vostok1_1.jpg
•Bottom: Vostok-1 informational drawing. http://api.ning.com/files/mepC6MLwLKgWqai7Z4alGH7G5zt-h75*Lc3rx0mwNneMmEjuHWNoXm4Lx9MeegQ0DWOHcifDE4gucs0dwaf7UcraVCePT3-e/vostok1_1600px.jpg

#history #space
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Happy Yuri's Night!
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Today in History: Streaming-media industry launched, 1995
On April 10, 1995 — 20 years ago today — Robert Glaser debuted “RealAudio,” the first software to allow real-time, streaming for the web. And thus, the streaming industry was born! Before RealAudio, web users experienced long waits while audio files, which usually contained huge amounts of data, downloaded completely. With Glaser’s streaming technology, the user could begin listening immediately as a data stream began flowing as soon as the user clicked on an audio file. RealAudio caught on quickly with web users, especially because Glaser offered the RealAudio software for free and charged web-media companies for server software. 

[I need a paragraph here that describes what has happened in the streaming industry since Glaser’s launch of RealAudio.]

YouTube videos:
•Interview with Rob Glaser, Founder of RealNetworks. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=INe7DaUe2BQ

Web sources:
https://books.google.com/books?id=qi-ItIG6QLwC&pg=PA121&lpg=PA121&dq=robert+glaser+releases+realaudio+%22april+10%22&source=bl&ots=uyQNAzS4FH&sig=eMB2cVBYQ4zCdzgUg00fOUJbHR4&hl=en&sa=X&ei=qYgmVavgA9TIsAS1noC4Ag&ved=0CB4Q6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=robert%20glaser%20releases%20realaudio%20%22april%2010%22&f=false
http://www.realnetworks.com/our-story/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/RealAudio
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Audio_codec
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Streaming_media

Book sources:
Streaming Audio: The FezGuys Guide by Jon Luini and Allen Whitman. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0735712808/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0735712808&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=7YEOZFMMUHUAYUQV
Awakening: The Music Industry in the Digital Age by Mark Mulligan. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B00VUA29I0/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=B00VUA29I0&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=LSV2YPGGFIWBRXKH

Image credits:
•Right: Robert Glaser, inventor of RealAudio. http://www.quotessays.com/images/rob-glaser-6.jpg
•Left Bottom: 1995 RealAudio logo.

#streaming #streamingmusic #realaudio
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We need bigger streams today!
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Today in History: Einstein Died—His body was cremated and his brain was “stolen,” 1955
On April 18, 1955 — 60 years ago today — the pioneering physicist Albert Einstein died. Einstein developed the general theory of relativity, a pillar of modern physics; published more than 300 scientific papers; and he received the 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics “for his services to theoretical physics, and especially for his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect” — a pivotal development in establishing quantum theory.

Einstein’s mathematical abilities and his creative way of thinking were so revered even while he was alive that, almost immediately upon his death, pathologist Thomas Stoltz Harvey removed Einstein’s brain, weighed it, then dissected it into several pieces. Although Dr. Harvey acted independently without any authority from Einstein’s family, he later got Einstein’s son’s permission to use the brain for scientific purposes. In 2010, Dr. Harvey’s heirs transferred all the Einstein brain holdings to the National Museum of Health and Medicine. In addition, 46 small portions of Einstein’s brain were acquired and are on exhibit at Philadelphia’s Mutter Museum. 

YouTube videos:
•“My Search for Einstein’s Brain”: Steven Levy at TEDxBeacon Street (length 14:44). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=v9_jWyHycIY

Web sources:
https://medium.com/backchannel/yes-i-found-einstein-s-brain-c3834429e4d5
http://phenomena.nationalgeographic.com/2014/04/21/the-tragic-story-of-how-einsteins-brain-was-stolen-and-wasnt-even-special/
http://www.smithsonianmag.com/smithsonian-institution/why-albert-einstein-genius-theory-relativity-loved-pipe-180954991/?no-ist
http://www.biography.com/people/albert-einstein-9285408
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Albert_Einstein
http://www.nytimes.com/learning/general/onthisday/bday/0314.html

Book sources:
Driving Mr. Albert: A Trip Across America with Einstein’s Brain by Michael Paterniti. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/038533303X/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=038533303X&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=KCNR7RFAZAL226MN
Possessing Genius: The Bizarre Odyssey of Einstein’s Brain by Carolyn Abraham. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/1840465492/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=1840465492&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=PRNB26VCFZU7B5KN

Image credits:
•Top: A series of photos of Einstein at various ages. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Albert_Einstein
•Bottom: Einstein’s office the day he died. By Ralph Morse—Time and Life Pictures/Getty Images. http://time.com/3494553/the-day-albert-einstein-died-a-photographers-story/
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Reminds of Dr. Zola from Captain America 2 😀
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Today in History: Apple II Computer Debuted at Computer Faire
On April 16, 1977 — 38 years ago today — the Apple II debuted at the first West Coast Computer Faire. The Faire was organized by Jim Warren of The Homebrew Computer Club, which was an early computer hobbyist group in Silicon Valley that included Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak (the founders of Apple). In order to launch the Apple II as a consumer product (rather than just a computer for hobbyists), Jobs understood that the product needed to look “simple and elegant,” enclosed in a sleek case made of light molded plastic  — not something that could be fabricated in a standard metal shop — and that such design would require significantly more capital than they could borrow, so Jobs attracted investor Mike Markkula (a 33 year old, retired millionaire who had made money on his stock at Fairchild). Markkula ended up playing a critical role at Apple for the next 20 years; he shared Jobs’s vision of Apple building a product to revolutionize the world and bring the power of computing to every individual. The Apple II was the first product offering in this direction.

YouTube videos:
•Apple II, 1977 (silent; length 5:00). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CxJwy8NsXFs
•Apple II Review (length 12:48). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Mjd7pN57nU4
•Steve Wozniak on Apple Beginnings (length 05:21). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pJif4i9NRdI05:21)

Web sources:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/West_Coast_Computer_Faire
http://techland.time.com/2012/04/16/apple-ii-forever-a-35th-anniversary-tribute-to-apples-first-iconic-product/
http://apple2history.org/history/ah03/
http://www.computerhistory.org/revolution/personal-computers/17/300
http://www.computerhistory.org/revolution/personal-computers/17/312
http://www.atariarchives.org/deli/homebrew_and_how_the_apple.php

Book sources:
Sophistication and Simplicity: The Life and Times of the Apple II by Steven Weyhrich. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0986832278/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0986832278&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=5XKYQXSMEGFH4T32
Steve Jobs by Walter Isaacson (Chapter 6 on “The Apple II: Dawn of a New Age”). http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0986832278/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0986832278&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=5XKYQXSMEGFH4T32

Image credits:
•Top: Apple II from frame of https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CxJwy8NsXFs
•Bottom Left: Apple II ad. http://www.computerhistory.org/revolution/personal-computers/17/300
•Bottom Right: Steve Jobs (left) and Steve Wozniak (right) at the First West Coast Computer Faire. http://ww2.kqed.org/news/2011/10/06/steve-jobs-and-the-bay-area
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The greatest. 
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Today in History: First 10-Day East-West Mail Arrived, 1860
On April 14, 1860 — 155 years ago today — Pony Express mail arrived in San Francisco, California and proved that mail coming from the Eastern United States could be delivered to California within its 10-day guaranteed delivery time. Of course, unlike today’s nearly instant email delivery, the Pony Express required, as a Help Wanted poster described, “young skinny, wiry fellows not over 18 … willing to risk death daily … Orphans preferred.” The New York Times reported, the first day that Pony Express mail arrived in San Francisco, “...citizens paraded the streets with bands of music, fireworks were set off … the best feeling was manifested by everybody.”

The Pony Express — a news, mail, and small package delivery service — opened to enhance communications, especially between people who lived on both coasts of an expanding American continent. This new service debuted decades before radios and telephones were in wide use and relied upon horses and rider relay teams to complete a nearly 2,000-mile route that stretched from St. Joseph, Missouri to Sacramento, California and onto San Francisco, California. 

At its peak, the Pony Express used more than 100 stations, 80 riders, and up to 500 horses. However, the service lasted only 19 months, as it was quickly obsoleted by newer technology — the Pacific Telegraph line made communications over the long route almost instantaneous, certainly much quicker than the 10 days it generally took horseback riders with saddlebags to cross the extremely hazardous route. Interestingly, despite the dangerous trail, only one mail delivery was ever lost.

YouTube videos:
•The Pony Express: Wells Fargo and the History of the American West (length 03:06). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=y1R-GeEd95c

Web sources:
http://ponyexpress.org/pony-express-historical-timeline/
http://ponyexpress.org/history/
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/pony-express-debuts
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pony_Express
http://learning.blogs.nytimes.com/on-this-day/april-3/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pacific_Telegraph_Company
http://www.nps.gov/poex/learn/historyculture/index.htm
https://books.google.com/books?id=rwQXTcXs1EkC&pg=PA16&lpg=PA16&dq=Pony+Express+newspaper+headlines&source=bl&ots=ujhsrYBOda&sig=nTbdA0hV2FVCM-VJWtY-_--dNI4&hl=en&sa=X&ei=-1sqVZbiOInasATYr4CwCQ&ved=0CDUQ6AEwBg#v=onepage&q=Pony%20Express%20newspaper%20headlines&f=false

Book sources:
The Saga of the Pony Express by Joseph J. Di Certo. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0878424520/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0878424520&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=5UJMTEXOI6IU43S3
The Pony Express: The History and Legacy of America’s Most Famous Mail Service by Charles River Editors. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B00GMPHNDY/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=B00GMPHNDY&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=H2GZGPFHSPP7IP6V

Image credits:
•Top: Pony Express route, 1860, including “home” and “relay” stops.
•Bottom Left: Pony Express Advertisement.
•Bottom Middle: Pony Express Help Wanted poster.
•Bottom Right Top: Pony Express messenger badge.
•Bottom Right Middle: Pony Express mochila bag at the Smithsonian National Postal Museum. By Smithsonian National Postal Museum [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3APony_Express_mochila_exhibit.jpg
•Bottom Right Bottom: One of the first Pony Express riders.

#history #ponyexpress
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Amazing how far we’ve come in the last 150 years!  If you step back and think about it, it’s damned scary. Where will we be in another 150?

Makes me think of this Arthur C. Clarke story – Rescue Party:

http://www.baenebooks.com/chapters/0743498747/0743498747___1.htm

Maybe we are special. :)
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Brad Acker

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Will SpaceX succeed in landing its first stage rocket on the “autonomous spaceport drone ship”?
Currently planned times on Monday, April 13, 2015, are as follows:
Launch time: 4:33 PM ET
Landing time: 4:42 PM ET
79 votes  -  votes visible to Public
YES
81%
NO
3%
I don’t know
14%
I don’t care
3%
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Almost perfect, but getting closer each try.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rAzwuEmZcmE
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Today in History: Satellite First Rescued & Repaired in Space, 1984
On April 11, 1984 — 31 years ago today — the first malfunctioning satellite was rescued and repaired in space! Astronauts on board the Space Shuttle Challenger rendezvoused with the Solar Maximum Satellite, used tools and the Shuttle’s extension “arm” to bring the Solar Maximum satellite into the shuttle’s cargo bay where they made repairs to the satellite and then released it back into its observational orbit so it could provide valuable measurements of solar activity.

The U.S. had mastered the difficult procedures required to rendezvous and dock with orbiting spacecraft during its Gemini Program in the early 1960s. So it was relatively easy for the Space Shuttle to track down the Solar Maximum Satellite (SolarMax), which had been placed in an Earth orbit in early 1980 to study the Sun, particularly solar flares. About 9 months into its mission, the satellite’s attitude control system partially failed — 2 fuses (out of 4) failed. Mission controllers were forced to rely on a back-up system to maintain the proper attitude for observing the sun, and this back-up system caused the satellite to wobble around its sun-positioned orbit. SolarMax had been fitted with a “grapple fixture” in case such an emergency repair would ever be required; the fixture allowed the space shuttle’s arm to capture it, stabilize it, and bring it into the cargo bay if necessary for maintenance work.

Because Solar Max was in a wobble mode to begin with, astronauts first performed an EVA (extravehicular activity = space walk) in an attempt to manually stabilize the satellite. Their actions served only to exacerbate the wobble, so the space shuttle moved closer to the satellite. The first attempt to grab the satellite with the extended robotic arm (nicknamed “Canadarm” because it was primarily developed and manufactured in Canada) was successful, and Canadarm manipulated the satellite into the cargo bay where it was secured and then fixed on a further EVA, and released back into orbit. The space repair enabled SolarMax to provide another 5 years of robust solar data collection before its mission naturally ended in late 1989 when it disintegrated upon its re-entry into the Earth’s atmosphere.

YouTube videos:
•Solar Maximum satellite repair: Space Shuttle STS-41-C Post Flight Press Conference Film 1984 (part 1; length 12:21). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eLZvnIEwkF4
•Solar Maximum satellite repair: Space Shuttle STS-41-C Post Flight Press Conference Film 1984 (part 2; length 08:00). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=419rX9-_zBQ

Web sources:
http://www.csmonitor.com/1984/0411/041131.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Solar_Maximum_Mission
http://er.jsc.nasa.gov/seh/solmax.html
http://www.americaspace.com/?p=56478
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/STS-41-C
https://books.google.com/books?id=WN_CAgAAQBAJ&pg=PA291&lpg=PA291&dq=sts-41+solar+max+cargo+bay&source=bl&ots=9fRKKaf71N&sig=KlRi1-tHn1R3waV2VXkAYH0J5VQ&hl=en&sa=X&ei=fAUoVaqzCLCasQS2kICYAg&ved=0CCgQ6AEwAzgK#v=onepage&q=sts-41%20solar%20max%20cargo%20bay&f=false
http://science.ksc.nasa.gov/shuttle/missions/41-c/mission-41-c.html

Book sources:
Repairing Solar Max: The Solar Maximum Repair Mission by T. McMahan and V. Neal. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/128727692X/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=128727692X&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=SMXTTLJTQ7HBWRMM

Image credits:
•Left: Astronauts James D. van Hoften (left) George D. Nelson (right) working together to repair Solar Maximum satellite secured in the cargo bay of Space Shuttle Challenger. By NASA (Great Images in NASA Description) [Public domain or Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3ASMMS_repair_by_STS-41C_Astronauts.jpg 
•Right Top: Artist’s drawing of Solar Maximum satellite with labels showing its various components. http://lowres-picturecabinet.com.s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/43/main/9/88321.jpg
•Right Middle: Artist’s drawing of Solar Maximum Rendezvous and Retrieval into Shuttle’s Cargo Bay using its extension arm. http://ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi.ntrs.nasa.gov/19840020814.pdf
•Right Bottom: Solar Maximum satellite secured in the cargo bay of the space shuttle. http://www.americaspace.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/04/41c-solar-max.jpg

#history #space #spacerepair
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My Son is to be a business man. His words. He is picking grade 11 courses and I asked him to keep a science open. He is good in school with an 86 average. Is it a good idea, do people in sciences become sparked after grade 10 or is it much set already?
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Education
  • Syracuse University, Syracuse NY
  • Horace Greeley High School, Chappaqua, NY
  • Weston High School, Weston, MA
  • Wilson Jr. High School, West Lawn, PA
  • Sinking Spring Elementary School, Sinking Spring, PA
  • Lincoln Park Elementary School, West Lawn, PA
  • Shillington Elementary School, Shillington, PA
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July 19, 1950
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learning- and liberty-lover; techno-optimist; social media researcher; writer + iBook creator (in progress); co-host with my partner "A+A Healthy Lifestyles" hangouts; interested in helping special artists and entrepreneurs succeed
Introduction
Seeker of Creative Bliss; Techno-Utopian, Techno-Optimist, Anarcho-Singularitarian who sees a rapidly approaching future where "political representatives" and national governments are unnecessary. Crowdsourcing (not government) identifies and solves problems in the new networked, creative, collaborative civilization ahead. Ready to collaborate with artists and entrepreneurs to build life-long communities, based on shared passions and well-earned, always-growing trust. Try to be 100% vegan, not always successful.

My experience includes heavy-use of multiple social media platforms; sales and marketing (have sold millions of dollars of computer hardware and software products and services); teaching and instructional technology; and mentoring young artists and entrepreneurs.

Summary of 40+ years of experience:
- social media experience and consulting, 2000-2010;
- non-profit internet educational organization in mid-late 1990s;
- resume production and career counseling (late 1980s to early 1990s);
- computer sales (at Wang when fastest growing billion dollar sales co. in late 1970s, early 1980s);
- temporary office help management and sales (1970s);
- information technology consulting (1970s);
- word processing service bureau management (1970s);
- internships at IBM and RCA.
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2 high school teachers came home for dinner to meet my parents, haha!
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    CEO, 1992 - present
  • ANBC, AENC, ARTS, Wang Laboratories, Inc., Work Processing, Inc., RCA, IBM
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Revere, MA
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Reading, Shillington, Sinking Spring, PA - Weston, MA; Chappaqua, NY; Sudbury, MA, Boston, MA; Cambridge, MA; Brighton, MA
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