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For Students, For Teachers, And Everyone Else.
For Students, For Teachers, And Everyone Else.

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The exercise tolerance test (ETT) is also known as an exercise electrocardiogram (ECG). This test is done to assess the severity of coronary heart disease. In such condition, the blood vessels are narrowed due to the blockage causing irritation for free-flowing blood supply to the heart. Exercise tolerance test (ETT) assess the response of the heart to raised workload and demand of blood. This is obtained by recording the ECG whilst the patient start walking on a treadmill machine.... Read more: https://www.bioscience.com.pk/topics/cardiovascular/item/1185-exercise-tolerance-test

#Cardiovascular #Cardiology #ETT #LabTest # HeartDisease #ChestPain #Angina #Arrhythmia #BloodPressure
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A random specimen of stool (at least 4 ml or 4 cm³) is collected in a clean, dry, container with a tightly fitting lid (a tin box, plastic box, glass jar, or waxed cardboard box) and transported immediately to the laboratory (this is because trophozoites of Entameba histolytica rapidly degenerate and alter in morphology). About 20-40 grams of formed stool or 5-6 tablespoons of watery stool should be collected. Stool should not be contaminated with urine, water, soil, or menstrual blood. Urine and water destroy trophozoites; the soil will introduce extraneous organisms and also hinder proper examination. Parasites are best detected in warm, freshly passed stools and therefore stools should be examined as early as possible after receipt in the laboratory (preferably within 1 hour of collection). Read more: https://www.bioscience.com.pk/topics/pathology/clinical-pathology/item/1181-stool-examination-for-ova-and-parasites

#Pathology #ClinicalPathology #Parasitology #LabTest #ExaminationOfStool #StoolExamination #OvaAndParasitesInStool #ParasitesInHuman
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INTRODUCTION: Sputum examination refers to the laboratory examination or test of the material or substance coughed out from the lungs, bronchi, trachea, and larynx. Normally, sputum is mainly composed of mucus and also certain cellular and non-cellular components of host origin.... Read more: https://www.bioscience.com.pk/topics/pathology/clinical-pathology/item/989-examination-of-sputum

___________Table of Content___________

1. COLLECTION OF SPUTUM
• Induction of Sputum
2. APPEARANCE OF SPUTUM
3. MICROBIOLOGICAL EXAMINATION OF SPUTUM
• Gram staining
• Bacteriological Culture
4. EXAMINATION OF SPUTUM FOR MYCOBACTERIUM TUBERCULOSIS
• Examination of Sputum Smear
• Molecular Method
• Sputum Culture (Conventional)
• Commercial Automated Culture Systems
5. EXAMINATION OF SPUTUM FOR ORGANISMS OTHER THAN TUBERCLE BACILLI
6. CYTOLOGICAL EXAMINATION OF SPUTUM

Read full article: https://www.bioscience.com.pk/topics/pathology/clinical-pathology/item/989-examination-of-sputum
EXAMINATION OF SPUTUM
EXAMINATION OF SPUTUM
bioscience.com.pk
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Waste products discharged from the digestive tract are composed of up to 75% water, food which is digested but not absorbed, indigestible residue.... Read more: https://www.bioscience.com.pk/topics/pathology/clinical-pathology/item/988-examination-of-stool
EXAMINATION OF STOOL
EXAMINATION OF STOOL
bioscience.com.pk
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Menopause is a phase when you stop getting your period. It marks the end of your menstrual cycles. You stop getting your period for at least six months or one year and confirm with your gynecologist. Woman between 40s to 50s is the age of getting menopause, but in the United States, the average age is 51 years old. Read more: https://goo.gl/knxu9K
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Have you ever listened about the “Second Brain”?

Yes, you have! whenever you are told to trust your gut instinct. This brain and gut connection is not just metaphorical. An extraordinarily extensive network of neurons (more than 100 million neurons) lines our gut that scientists have named it the Second Brain.... Read more: https://goo.gl/Qbjk3Y
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TORSION

Torsion is a process in which the viscero-pallium rotates anti-clockwise through 180° from its initial position during larval development. So that the mantle cavity, with its pallial complex, is brought to the front of the body in the adult.

How Torsion Occurs

Torsion is not an evolutionary hypothesis. Its occurrence can be seen during embryogeny of living gastropods. Before torsion the larva is quite symmetrical, the mantle cavity is backward and downward, the alimentary canal is straight and anus opens posteriorly in the middle line.... Read more: https://goo.gl/H6eyWb
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The “pearl” is literally formed by the mantle epithelium, which becomes deposit around any external body or particles, these external particle or body invade in between the shell and mantle in any way.

Pearl is secreted by the mantle as a means of protection against a small external particle. When an external particle or body, such as a grain of sand or a small parasite invades in between the mantle and the shell it becomes enclosed in a sac of mantle epithelium which produces irritation.

Read more: https://goo.gl/Y5MUxi
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You can compare the deionized water vs distilled water, however, to mention that the distilled water is that the same as deionized water may be a mistake. The terms “distilled water” and “deionized water” are usually misunderstood. during this article, you'll notice the reason to grasp the variations and similarities of those 2 completely different water cleanup technologies.

Read more: https://goo.gl/7Pv38y
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CHOLERA is a specific infectious disease that affects the lower portion of the intestine and is characterized by violent purging, vomiting, muscular cramp, suppression of urine and rapid collapse. It can a terrifying disease with massive diarrhea. Read more: https://goo.gl/XnXeKd
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