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Biokinetics
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Making an Impact on Safety
Making an Impact on Safety

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Making Yaw Measurements Accessible

It is widely recognized that oblique impacts of a projectile with armour can greatly affect the ballistic performance evaluation. The complexity of projectile yaw measurement systems, however, varies considerably from simple yaw cards (inexpensive, low accuracy) to more complex systems employing high speed video and shadowgraphy techniques (high cost, high accuracy).

#Biokinetics is developing a yaw sensor having both high accuracy and low cost that measures the yaw angle of bullets and fragments to a fraction of a degree. This is made possible with the latest lighting and machine vision technologies and computer vision algorithms. Projectiles up to 0.5 calibre and speeds of 1800 m/s can be used with the yaw system. The system expected to be available in fall of 2018. Contact us for more information info@biokinetics.com.
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Recognizing Quality

Biokinetics ballistics performance lab is proud to be recognized by the national defence and law enforcement agencies for its competency and quality of data. While we meet or exceed industry and quality practices, we are now seeking international recognition of our quality assurance to better serve all of our customers. Accreditation will be obtained in mid 2018. Please see our web site http://www.biokinetics.com/services/ballistics-testing.html or contact us for more information info@biokinetics.com.
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Smarter Testing

Biokinetics has been evaluating the ballistic performance of armour for military and law enforcement agencies over two decades. With armour technologies improving over this time, so have the test methods and instrumentation to achieve better accuracy, repeatability and predictability of the ballistic evaluation. However, these improvements sometimes come with challenges including high purchase cost, complex setup and calibration requirements not to mention poor integration with the lab environment and workflow.

Biokinetics has taken these challenges head-on by developing new instruments and software detailed in upcoming posts including projectile yaw and clay backface signature measurement devices along with ballistic workflow software for integration. Contact us for more information info@biokinetics.com.
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Updates to the NIJ Stab Testing Standard and Equipment

There is no doubt that stab resistant body armour can save the lives of law enforcement and corrections officers alike. Yet, the stab threats that they are exposed to are very different suggesting that perhaps the armour they wear should be catered to each type of threat. The civilian/uncontrolled stab threat environments are represented by commercial weapons that are very effective at penetrating, slashing and cutting. In contrast, stab threats found in correctional institutions are improvised threats and are less severe as they are hand made with inferior materials, sharpening techniques and may be difficult to use effectively. A study[1] of over 1000 weapons acquired from several US prisons and correctional facilities has been carried out and representative test knives and spikes have been developed[2] for adoption by the NIJ.
Stab Resistant body armour designed for commercial weapons has improved over the years with advanced materials and construction methods but they still can be thick, stiff, heavy and hot resulting in discomfort, diminished operational effectiveness or not being worn at all times. With the anticipated lower severity of the stab threats in a corrections environment, it should be possible to improve upon these limitations, ultimately improving personnel safety. For armour manufacturers to respond to these needs, however, a performance test standard is required that not only incorporates commercial weapons but improvised threats as well.

This is exactly what the NIJ has been working on for the past few years, to develop a test standard that reflects both commercial and improvised stab/slash threats while addressing potential issues that may diminish armour performance such as degradation and the use of stitching in female body armour. The results of these efforts will be found in a revised draft standard “Stab Resistance of Personal Body Armor, NIJ 0115” that is expected to be released for public comment some time in 2017. After this, it will be finalized and considered for inclusion in the armour Compliance Test Program (CTP). More information on the improvements to the NIJ 0115.00 performance test standard can be found in the May/June 2017 article of eTechBeat[3].

The Stab Test Apparatus[4], developed by Biokinetics for meeting the NIJ 0115.00 test protocols, has been in use by industry for several years allowing for quick and repeatable testing of stab armour. With the upcoming revised standard, enhancements have already been made to allow the use of both commercial and improvised knife/spike stab threats while providing flexibility for implementing upcoming slash test methods. Further improvements have been made with the threat holder missile to speed-up threat attachment and replacement of the foam compression disks. More repeatable performance is also obtained with greater disk venting and precision of the stab threat clamp. The computerized system electronically measures the stab missile drop height and speed just prior to impact with high accuracy. A height adjustable armour support base with tilt adjustment accommodates armour samples of varying thickness and an easily positioned safety shield completes the test system by ensuring safety in the test area from broken threats.

References:

1. Stoe D., Robinson C., Rowley N., Bir C., “Novel Approach to Body Armor Standards Development”, Technical paper in the Personal Armour Systems Symposium, Cambridge, England, 2014.
2. Shewchenko N., Rowley N., Baines D., Bir C., “Development of Stab Weapon Exemplars from a Survey of Threats in a Corrections Environment”, Technical paper in the Personal Armour Systems Symposium, Cambridge, England, 2014. http://www.biokinetics.com/about-us/publications.html
3. eTechBeat article, May/June 2017: https://www.justnet.org/pdf/2017_MJ_Lewis_Body%20Armor%20Safety%20&%20Program%20Refinements%20from%20NIJ.pdf
4. Biokinetics Stab Test Apparatus Brochure. http://www.biokinetics.com/products/stab-testing.html

For more information on ballistic armour, stab armour, ballistic materials and ballistic shield standard updates, see:

1. Justice Technology Information Center (JTIC) article: https://justnet.org/pdf/Stab-Armor-Fact-Sheet_8-2016.pdf .
2. Police Chief Magazine article: http://www.policechiefmagazine.org/securing-officer-safety-protection-standards-enhancements/ .
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13/06/2017
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RCMP Solicitation M0077-16J101/A for 40mm Blunt Impact Projectile

Biokinetics is well versed in the testing and evaluation of non-lethal kinetic energy weapons (NLKEW) and ammunition, supporting both government agencies and industry for more than 10 years with our expert analysis and in-house test range.

Biokinetics can provide independent, third party testing to evaluate the performance and safety of your NLKEW ammunition in accordance with NATO STANREC 4744 (Standardization Recommendation on Risk Assessment of Non-Lethal Kinetic Energy Projectiles).

The RCMP solicitation can be found at (https://buyandsell.gc.ca/procurement-data/tender-notice/PW-BK-382-26324 ) which closes on June 19th, 2017.
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DND Solicitation W8476-165488A for Sniper Body Armour System

Biokinetics is well versed in the testing and evaluation body armour, supporting both government research agencies and industry with independent expert commercial testing and evaluation services. Biokinetics is recognized by the RCMP, DND and DRDC for our scientific knowledge and technical competency in conducting ballistic evaluations.
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31/05/2017
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Updates to the interactive ballistic products, standards, and threat level summary.

https://app.powerbi.com/groups/me/dashboards/cc720577-d38b-477a-9cc2-7baca5fe92a4
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Biokinetics Helps the Canadian Military

Biokinetics, a world leader in soldier injury prevention against ballistic, blast and blunt force threats, has recently been awarded a service contract to support the Defence Research and Development Canada with science and technology programs and Canadian Forces equipment acquisition programs in the fields of small arms and soldier systems effectiveness. The $3.75 Million contract, over 5 years, allows Biokinetics to implement its expertise in injury assessment, human surrogate development, test methodology development and personal armour technology evaluation and exploitation ultimately benefiting the lives of soldiers who protect us. Biokinetics has been working with government, industry and regulating bodies for over 40 years providing expert biomechanics consulting, independent testing services and specialized test equipment.
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ASTM E54 Homeland Security Applications

Biokinetics is contributing its expertise and experience to creating a safer nation as a member of ASTM’s (American Society for Testing and Materials) newest technical committee; E54 on Homeland Security Applications. Biokinetics is involved with the ASTM subcommittee E54.04 on Personal Protective Equipment (PPE).

As homeland security initiatives continue to evolve, voluntary consensus standards are viewed as a critical unifying component to the long-term success of these initiatives. Unified standards development under the ASTM umbrella offers us the opportunity to team up with other technical experts who, together, will help create the standards and guidance materials that will influence major areas of homeland security.

ASTM and NIJ (National Institute of Justice) have created a custom portal designed to make sharing relevant data easier than ever before. This is part of a larger effort in which NIJ and ASTM International are working together to develop standards and test methods that address the needs of the public safety community.

Proposed new standards under the jurisdiction of E54.04 include:
1. WK46277 New Test Method for Measuring Backface Deformation of Clay Backing During Body Armor Testing
2. WK50190 New Practice for Hard Armor Test Item Conditioning
3. WK50483 New Practice for Standard practice for nonplanar, soft armor test items
4. WK52176 Assessment of Ballistic Limit for Body Armor
5. WK46152 New Specification for Performance of Head Protection for Law Enforcement Applications
6. WK46196 New Specification for Ballistic Test Range Configuration for Small Arms and Fragmentation Testing of Body Armor
7. WK45341 New Test Method for Ballistic Resistant Shields
8. WK54013 Ballistic Resistant Head Protection for Law Enforcement Applications
9. WK51004 New Specification for Protective Gloves Worn by Law Enforcement and Corrections Officers While on Duty
10. WK52177 Assessment of Penetration Resistance and Backface Signature for Body Armor
11. WK52497 Body Armor Program Management

Active standards under the jurisdiction of E54.04:
1. E2902-12 Standard Practice for Measurement of Body Armor Wearers
2. E2952-14 Standard Specification for Air-Purifying Respiratory Protective Smoke Escape Devices (RPED). See also WK49922 proposed revision
3. E3003-15 Standard Practice for Body Armor Wearer Measurement and Fitting of Armor
4. E3004-15 Standard Specification for Preparation and Verification of Clay Blocks Used in Ballistic-Resistance Testing of Torso Body Armor
5. E3005-15 Standard Terminology for Body Armor
For over 40 years, Biokinetics has been providing consulting, testing services and specialized test products for personal protection systems intended to resist ballistic, stab, blast and blunt impact threats including body amour, helmets, shields, vehicle armour and buildings/structures. Contact us at www.Biokinetics.com.
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