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Avrodyta Andrianti (苏丽娟)
Attends Universitas Ma Chung
Lived in Malang, East Java
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ITC GEMBONG SURABAYA

Saat itu pukul 23.05, seorang bapak tua tukang becak ini berhenti tepat di depan itc, bapak tua ini turun dan menurunkan bongkahan batu aspal dan menaruhnya di beberapa jalan yang berlubang.
Setelah beberapa kali mondar-mandir dari becak ke jalan berlubang tadi. Saat dirasa pas bapak tua ini mengambil hammer (palu besar) untuk meratakan bongkahan batu aspal, setelah semua rata bapak ini duduk sebentar sembari mengipas-ngipaskan topi hitam miliknya dan berucap 'alhamdulillah'

Saya pun akhirnya mengampiri bapak tua ini dan duduk disamping beliau serta menawarkan rokok kepada beliau, saya bertanya 'bapak dari dinas kota kah? kok meratakan jalan dan cuma memakai becak? bukankah dinas kota punya fasilitas???
Bapak tua ini menjawab "bukan mas, saya tukang becak biasa..,"
Saya heran dan bertanya lagi "lha bapak digaji berapa? dan ikut siapa?"
Bapak tua ini menjawab "saya gak kerja sama siapa-siapa dan tidak digaji siapa-siapa..,"
Saya makin penasaran dan bertanya lagi "lha bapak nglakuin ini gak dibayar kok mau, bukan kah sudah jadi tanggung jawab pemerintah kota, kan kita juga bayar pajak untuk pembangunan kota juga?"
Bapak tua ini tersenyum dan berkata "gak papa mas, ini sudah jadi hobby saya tiap malam.. ,setelah cari rejeki dengan menjadi tukang becak, malamnya saya selalu mencari bongkahan batu aspal ,buat nutup jalan yang berlobang.., ya hitung-hitung abdi saya sebagai warga kota surabaya..,"
Allahu akbar...!!!! Masih ada orang seperti bapak ini di surabaya..,
Bapak tua ini juga berkata tentang lika-liku nya menutup jalan yang berlubang "saya sering di olok-olok sama teman seprofesi tukang becak"
"wes pak de, gak onok sing mbayari kok yo dilakoni ae, gak kiro direken lha karo wong-wong nduwuran pemerintah kota..opo maneh bu risma..istirahat ae sampeyan wes tuek"
(sudah Pak De, tidak ada yang bayar kok masih dilakukan saja, tidak akan diperhatikan sama orang atas di pemerintahan kota. apalagi bu risma. istirahat saja Pak De sudah tua*)
Hahahaha, bapak tua ini tertawa kecil dan sering menjawab demi kemanusiaan saja ,kalau ada yang kejeglong (kendaraan masuk ke lubang) trus kecelakaan gimana??? iya kalau musim panas trus kalau banjir??? kan gak kelihatan.. ,sudah gpp kalau jalannya gak berlubang semua yang lewat kan juga enak.

Iki lho rek,, abdi ne wong asli suroboyo masio gak dibayar, gak direken uwong, tp sek dilakoni gawe keamanan dalan..
(ini loh, pengabdiannya orang asli surabaya, walau tidak dibayar, tidak diperhatikan sama orang, tapi masih melakukannya untuk keamanan yang lain di jalan)
Yang masih penasaran sama hasilnya pak tua tukang becak ini bisa lihat di depan itc pas ada jalan berlubang yang sudah ditutup sekitar 3 lubang.. trus rel semut arah ke pecindilan, sama gembong tebasan, sampai tambak adi.

Profil bapak tua ini: 
Nama: Abdul sukur
Alamat: jln tambak segaran barat gang 1 no 27
Biasa mangkal di depan ITC pas pintu masuk..
Biasa di panggil pak dul..

Mudah2an ada bapak/ibu pejabat yg baca postingan saya dan memberi beliau penghargaan atas kerja keras beliau selama ini.
Amin..amin ya robbal alamin

‪#‎cerita‬ realita Surabaya

Post asli milik: Himan Utomo
Saya hanya share dan memperbaiki kalimat.

mulia sekali bapak ini. :)
aku rasa sekarang banyak jalan berlubang, apalagi bekas galian yang ga ditutup dengan baik sama pdam, sering terjadi kecelakaan, apalagi waktu hujan, ga kelihatan lubangnya karena ketutup air. semoga rejeki Pak Dul berlimpah, diberikan keselamatan dan kesehatan
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Nurhayati Nur's profile photoW Bambang Erwanto's profile photo
 
cute. hahaha
dibeliin satu ah yang begituan
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I have fun with a my cute toy!




Cat communication is the transfer of information by one or more cats that has an effect on the current or future behaviour of another animal, including humans. Cats use a range of communication modalities including visual, auditory, tactile, chemical and gustatory.

The communication modalities used by domestic cats have been affected by domestication.


Vocalizations

Cat vocalisations have been categorised according to a range of characteristics.

Schötz categorised vocalizations according to 3 mouth actions: (1) sounds produced with the mouth closed (murmurs), including the purr, the trill and the chirrup, (2) sounds produced with the mouth open and gradually closing, comprising a large variety of miaows with similar vowel patterns, and (3) sounds produced with the mouth held tensely open in the same position, often uttered in aggressive situations (growls, yowls, snarls, hisses, spits and shrieks).

Brown et al. categorised vocal responses of cats according to the behavioural context: (1) during separation of kittens from mother cats, (2) during food deprivation, (3) during pain, (4) prior to or during threat or attack behavior, as in disputes over territory or food, (5) during a painful or acutely stressful experience, as in routine prophylactic injections and (6) during kitten deprivation. Less commonly recorded calls from mature cats included purring, conspecific greeting calls or murmurs, extended vocal dialogues between cats in separate cages, “frustration” calls during training or extinction of conditioned responses.

Miller classified vocalisations into 5 categories according to the sound produced: the purr, chirr, call, meow and growl/snarl/hiss.


Purr

The purr is a continuous, soft, vibrating sound made in the throat by most species of felines. Domestic cat kittens can purr as early as two days of age. This tonal rumbling can characterize different personalities in domestic cats. Purring is often believed to indicate a positive emotional state, but cats sometimes purr when they are ill, tense, or experiencing traumatic or painful moments.

The mechanism of how cats purr is elusive. This is partly because cats do not have a unique anatomical feature that is clearly responsible for the vocalization. One hypothesis, supported by electromyographic studies, is that cats produce the purring noise by using the vocal folds and/or the muscles of the larynx to alternately dilate and constrict the glottis rapidly, causing air vibrations during inhalation and exhalation. Combined with the steady inhalation and exhalation as the cat breathes, a purring noise is produced with strong harmonics. Purring is sometimes accompanied by other sounds, though this varies between individuals. Some may only purr, while other cats include low level outbursts sometimes described as "lurps" or "yowps".

Domestic cats purr at varying frequencies. One study reported that domestic cats purr at average frequencies of 21.98 Hz in the egressive phase and 23.24 Hz in the ingressive phase with an overall mean of 22.6 Hz. Further research on purring in four domestic cats found that the fundamental frequency varied between 20.94 and 27.21 Hz for the egressive phase and between 23.0 and 26.09 Hz for the ingressive phase. There was considerable variation between the four cats in the relative amplitude, duration and frequency between egressive and ingressive phases, although this variation generally occurred within the normal range.

One study on a single cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus) showed it purred with an average frequency of 20.87 Hz (egressive phases) and 18.32 Hz (ingressive phases). A further study on four adult cheetahs found that mean frequencies were between 19.3 Hz and 20.5 Hz in ingressive phases, and between 21.9 Hz and 23.4 Hz in egressive phases. The egressive phases were longer than ingressive phases and moreover, the amplitude was greater in the egressive phases.

It was once believed that only the cats of the genus Felis could purr. However, felids of the genus Panthera (tigers, lions, jaguars and leopards) also produce sounds similar to purring, but only when exhaling. The subdivision of the Felidae into ‘purring cats’ on the one hand and ‘roaring cats ’ (i.e. non-purring) on the other, originally goes back to Owen (1834/1835) and was definitely introduced by Pocock (1916), based on a difference in hyoid anatomy. The ‘roaring cats’ (lion, Panthera leo; tiger, P. tigris; jaguar, P. onca; leopard, P. pardus) have an incompletely ossified hyoid, which according to this theory, enables them to roar but not to purr. On the other hand, the snow leopard (Uncia uncia), as the fifth felid species with an incompletely ossified hyoid, purrs (Hemmer, 1972). All remaining species of the family Felidae (‘purring cats’) have a completely ossified hyoid which enables them to purr but not to roar. However, Weissengruber et al. (2002) argued that the ability of a cat species to purr is not affected by the anatomy of its hyoid, i.e. whether it is fully ossified or has a ligamentous epihyoid, and that, based on a technical acoustic definition of roaring, the presence of this vocalization type depends on specific characteristics of the vocal folds and an elongated vocal tract, the latter rendered possible by an incompletely ossified hyoid.





Meow

The meow is one of the most widely known vocalizations of domestic kittens. It is a call apparently used to solicit attention from the mother.

Adult cats commonly vocalise with a "meow" (or "miaow") sound, which is onomatopoeic. The meow can be assertive, plaintive, friendly, bold, welcoming, attention soliciting, demanding, or complaining. It can even be silent, where the cat opens its mouth but does not vocalize. Adult cats do not usually meow to each other and so meowing to human beings is likely to be an extension of the use by kittens.








Language differences

Different languages have correspondingly different words for the "meow" sound, including miau (Belarusian, Croatian, Hungarian, Dutch, Finnish, Lithuanian, Malay, German, Polish, Russian, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish and Ukrainian), mnau (Czech), meong (Indonesian), niau (Ukrainian), niaou (?????, Greek), miaou (French), nya (??, Japanese), miao (?, Mandarin Chinese, Italian), miav/miao or mjav/mjau (Danish, Swedish and Norwegian), mjá (Icelandic), ya-ong (??, Korean), ????? / Miya?un_ (Urdu) and meo-meo (Vietnamese). In some languages (such as Chinese ?, mao), the vocalization became the name of the animal itself.

Read more : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cat_communication

#gif #cats #animals #caturday #caturdayeveryday #caturday2014 #catsrule #catsallovertheworld #catholic #catlovers #animallovers #animalphotography #catphotography #catphotos #catpictures #catpics #lol #funny #funnypics #funnypictures #funnyphotos #funnystuff #ANNIMATEDGIFS    #trendingnow    #lolcats 
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I dont look at the rose, but your hand
 
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Have her in circles
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lol. so true :))
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yang mekar hari ini <3
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Rose
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* hug my pillow

 
Hari ini hari apa ya? * purapuralinglung *
 
Follow  ► +Happy pictures  ◄ for more happy stuff
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Malam minggu datang lagi, malam yang bosan lagi, malam ini sendiri :D
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Education
  • Universitas Ma Chung
    Akuntansi Perpajakan dan Sektor Publik, 2009 - present
  • SMA Kr. Kalam Kudus
    IPS, 2006 - 2009
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苏丽娟
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ga usah liat-liat nanti naksir.
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