Godavari is considered the second longest river after the river Ganges in India. It originates in Maharashtra and flows for a total length of 1,465 kilometres till it merges into the Bay of Bengal finally I Andhra Pradesh. The river forms one of India’s largest river basins.
The Godavari originates at a distance of 80 kilometres  from the Arabian Sea in the Western Ghats near Trimbakeshwar in Maharashtra, of central India. It flows for a total length of 1,465 kilometres, eastwards across the Deccan Plateau then turns towards a southeast direction, entering the West Godavari and East Godavari districts of Andhra Pradesh, until splits into two watercourses which creates a large river delta and flows eventually into the Bay of Bengal.
According to a legend, Sage Gautama lived in the Brahmagiri Hills at Trayambakeshwar with his wife Ahalya. The Rishi had then kept his stock of rice in a granary. Once, a cow was believed to have entered his granary and ate up the rice. When the Rishi tried to move away the cow with darbha grass, it had fallen dead and when he tried to atone for the sin of ‘Gohatya’,  killing a sacred cow,  Lord Shiva who was pleased with the Rishi had appeared in his Triambaka as a manifestation and diverted the river Ganges to keep flowing near his homestead. Some of the important  destinations across the river Godavari in Andhra Pradesh include Rajamundry,  Kovvur,, Dhavaleswaram, Ravulapalem, Kotipalli, Tallapudi, Narsapur and Antarvedi. Antarvedi is well known for the Laxmi Narasimha Swamy temple  that was constructed between the 15th and 16th centuries. The place is also a home to the temple of Lord Siva which was believed to have been installed by Lord Srirama.
On either side wooded hills rise nearly vertically from the waters. After passed through the Eastern Ghats entering AP, the river widens by traversing wide plains and the low islands in its stream are used for tobacco  cultivation. At this point, the river Godavari flows placidly and close to the city of Rajahmundry, a dam was built on the river in 1948 for irrigation and hydroelectric power.
The upper reaches of the Godavari become dry in winter and spring but with development of a navigable irrigation-canal system, that links the delta with that of the Krishna River to the southwest, it has become one of the richest rice-growing areas of India. The Godavari, throughout the entire length, is considered very sacred to the Hindus. Rajahmundry is considered the largest city on the banks of river Godavari. At Rajahmundry, Godavari is seen in its widest form with a width of approximately 5 km from Rajahmundry to the other side of the bank at Kovvur. The River is home to many pilgrimage centers for thousands of years. For the huge number of people that have bathed in her waters, the cleansing act is considered holy.
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