“Do not feel absolutely certain of anything.”
From the third volume of The Autobiography of Bertrand Russell: 1944-1969 comes this remarkable micro-manifesto, entitled A Liberal Decalogue — a vision for responsibilities of a teacher. It originally appeared in the December 16, 1951, issue of The New York Times Magazine, at the end of the article “The best answer to fanaticism: Liberalism.”

"Perhaps the essence of the Liberal outlook could be summed up in a new decalogue, not intended to replace the old one but only to supplement it. The Ten Commandments that, as a teacher, I should wish to promulgate, might be set forth as follows:

- Do not feel absolutely certain of anything.

- Do not think it worth while to proceed by concealing evidence, for the evidence is sure to come to light.

- Never try to discourage thinking for you are sure to succeed.

- When you meet with opposition, even if it should be from your husband or your children, endeavor to overcome it by argument and not by authority, for a victory dependent upon authority is unreal and illusory.

- Have no respect for the authority of others, for there are always contrary authorities to be found.

- Do not use power to suppress opinions you think pernicious, for if you do the opinions will suppress you.

- Do not fear to be eccentric in opinion, for every opinion now accepted was once eccentric.

- Find more pleasure in intelligent dissent than in passive agreement, for, if you value intelligence as you should, the former implies a deeper agreement than the latter.

- Be scrupulously truthful, even if the truth is inconvenient, for it is more inconvenient when you try to conceal it.

- Do not feel envious of the happiness of those who live in a fool’s paradise, for only a fool will think that it is happiness."

Source: http://www.brainpickings.org/
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