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ベルリン・フィルハーモニー Berliner Philharmonie -
Die Berliner Philharmonie (kurz: Philharmonie) am Kemperplatz im Berliner Ortsteil Tiergarten (Bezirk Mitte) zählt mit dem Konzerthaus am Gendarmenmarkt zu den wichtigsten Konzertsälen der deutschen Hauptstadt und ist die Heimstätte der Berliner Philharmoniker.
http://www.berliner-philharmoniker.de/en/
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Анастасия Эдуардовна Бабурова - Маркелов, Станислав Юрьевич

- Станисла́в Ю́рьевич Марке́лов; 20 May 1974 – 19 January 2009 was a Russian human rights lawyer. He participated in a number of publicized cases, including those of left-wing political activists and antifascists persecuted since the 1990s, as well as those of victims of police violence, journalists, etc. Inter alia, Markelov had been the attorney for the family of Elza Kungaeva, a young Chechen woman killed by Russian colonel Yuri Budanov, who was released from prison in mid-January, 15 months before his original sentence was to end. Markelov was murdered on 19 January 2009 in Moscow.

- Анастасия Эдуардовна Бабурова Anastasia Eduardovna Baburova, Ukrainian: Анастасiя Едуардівна Бабурова Anastasia Eduardivna Baburova; 30 November 1983 – 19 January 2009 was a journalist for Novaya Gazeta and a student of journalism at Moscow State University. She was born in Sevastopol, Ukraine.

A member of Autonomous Action,she investigated the activities of neo-Nazi groups.
She was shot and killed together with human rights lawyer Stanislav Markelov,who was the other of the assassin's targets.
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19 Février 2015 . Place du Breuil , Le Puy en Velay . France .
L'abandon .
Le mensonge . 
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The Firebird [ Igor Stravinsky ] - Dirigé par Seiji Ozawa : The Master 
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 懷風撰述,未詳其人。或有淡海三船、石上宅嗣、葛井廣成之說。書成於皇紀一千四百一十一年,納近江朝以至奈良朝間漢詩,起大友皇子以下,迄葛井廣成以上,六十四名之作,共一百二十首錄之。文風受中國詩集影響至大,乃為現存最古日本漢詩集。

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Kuon no Kizuna Fansite.
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ピエール・ルジャンドル - Le dernier penseur à contre-courant . Audio 15.10.2007 >18.10.2007 [ Entretiens avec Philippe Petit ] France Culture
Pierre Legendre est un historien du droit et psychanalyste français né le 15 juin 1930 en Normandie, directeur d'études à l'École pratique des hautes études . Il a fondé et il dirige le Laboratoire européen pour l'étude de la filiation. Il est actuellement professeur émérite à l'Université de Paris I et directeur d'études honoraire à l'École Pratique des Hautes Études.

Pierre Legendre est perçu par le milieu intellectuel français comme un conservateur. Dans le droit fil de Lacan, il réhabilite le Nom-du-Père, qui dans son œuvre se trouve désigné sous le vocable du Tiers fondateur ou de la Référence. Selon lui, le Tiers par excellence, qui se trouvait être un quelconque totem dans les sociétés primitives, l'Empereur sous la Rome antique, et Dieu au Moyen Âge, prend la forme de l’État à partir de la Renaissance.

Aujourd'hui, c'est-à-dire dans les sociétés post-hitlériennes, la techno-science-économie tend à faire concurrence à la construction étatique, si bien que nous assisterions à une reféodalisation planétaire. Quand Legendre parle de sociétés post-hitlériennes, il faut entendre par là que la révolution libérale-libertaire qui a suivi l'effondrement des régimes totalitaires n'en est que la continuation, sous un revers festif, de sorte que l'homme occidental vit depuis plus d'un siècle dans un environnement d'où le Tiers tendrait à s'effacer, cet effacement étant caractéristique de la psychose.

Ce que l'Occident ne voit pas de l'Occident :
http://d.hatena.ne.jp/yakumoizuru/comment?date=20041021
http://www.amazon.co.jp/Ce-que-lOccident-voit-pas/dp/2842058410

« Dans le lointain des questionnements à venir, qu'en sera-t-il de l'Occident, de sa vision de lui-même et du monde, héritée d'un jeu structural de science et d'ignorance ?
Le "marché des idées", promu aujourd'hui par la culture euro-américaine et ses prolongements planétaires, ne fait pas pensée ; pas plus que l'idéologie du libre-service normatif en vogue ne permet d'affronter la question de l'identité, autrement que par le duel meurtrier.
D'autres cultures sont déjà et seront productrices de Modernité.
Sera-telle la copie conforme de nos illusions d'Occidentaux ? Circonscrire ce dont il s'agit, voilà l'horizon de mon propos. »
(Pierre Legendre)

リール大学、パリ第10大学(現パリ西大学)で教鞭を執ったのち、パリ第1大学法学部でローマ法講座を担当、ついで高等研究実習院(EPHE)宗教学部門研究主任(「キリスト教規範空間分析」)を兼任。1996年に双方を退官して名誉教授となる。また、私的な研究グループとして「ヨーロッパ親子関係研究所」(1990-1999年。現在の名称は「ドグマ人類学協会」)を設立、今日まで主宰を務める。

中世における教会法とローマ法の結合過程を概観した博士論文(『グラティアヌスからインノケンティウス4世、1140年から1254年にいたる古典教会法へのローマ法の浸透』、1964年)によって学問的な履歴を開始。また、1968年の著作『1750年から今日にいたる行政の歴史』以降、フランスの中央集権的官僚制に関する歴史的研究にも取り組んで多くの業績を残している。

これと並行して、私企業の派遣職員、ついでユネスコの専門調査員として、ガボン、セネガルなどのアフリカ諸国に滞在した。著作全篇で強調されるように、西洋から移入された行政制度と既往の制度秩序の軋轢を実地で観察した経験は、宗教概念の徹底した再解釈、またこれを敷衍した「世界の西洋化」に対する独特の批判など、後年に展開される思想主題に決定的な影響を与えた。

さらにまた、ジャック・ラカンの設立したパリ・フロイト派に所属して学派分析家(AE)の資格を獲得。パリ・フロイト派の解散以降はフリーランスとなり、制度性の次元を閑却した現今の精神分析および心理学、分析の知見を排斥あるいは濫用する社会学・経営管理学の潮流をそれぞれ厳しく批判するが、ラカンそのひとに負った知見の大きさは本人も認めるところである。

制度史的な研究と分析経験の成果を綜合した最初の著作は、1974年の『検閲官への愛』である。多彩な主題をつうじて権威と服従の錯綜した関係を論じた本書は刊行当時ラカンによって高く評価され、2005年の再刊を経た今日では古典的な価値を認められている。ついで官僚制の分析(『権力を享楽する』、1976年)、ダンス論(『他者たらんとする情熱』、1978年)、産業世界におけるコミュニケーションを論じた『テクストから零れる詩的な言葉』(1982年)といった高密度の著作を次々に発表。1983年の『真理の帝国』を皮切りに『講義(Leçons)』と題する一連の著作シリーズに取り組み、以来今日に至るまで、主体と社会のふたつの水準の結節点において人間の組成そのものを解明する作業を「ドグマ人類学」の名のもとで継続的に展開している。


- La pénétration du droit romain dans le droit canonique classique, thèse pour le doctorat, Imprimerie Jouve, 1964.
- Histoire de l'Administration, de 1750 à nos jours, Paris, PUF, 1968.
- L'Amour du censeur. Essai sur l'ordre dogmatique, Paris, Le Seuil, 1974.
- Jouir du pouvoir. Traité de bureaucratie patriote, Paris, Minuit, 1976, coll. "Critique".
- La Passion d'être un autre. Étude sur la danse, Paris, Le Seuil, 1978, coll. "Le champ freudien".
- Leçons II. L'Empire de la vérité. Introduction aux espaces dogmatiques industriels, Paris, Fayard, 1983; nouvelle édition augmentée, 2001.
- Leçons IV. L'Inestimable Objet de la transmission. Étude sur le principe généalogique en Occident, Paris, Fayard, 1985; nouvelle édition augmentée, 2004.
- Leçons IV, suite. Le Dossier occidental de la parenté. Textes juridiques indésirables sur la généalogie,
traduits et présentés par Anton Schütz, Marc Smith, Yan Thomas, Paris, Fayard,1988.
- Leçons VII. Le Désir politique de Dieu. Étude sur les montages de l'État et du droit, Paris, Fayard, 1988.
- Leçons IV, suite 2. Filiation. Fondement généalogique de la psychanalyse, par Alexandra Papageorgiou-Legendre, Paris, Fayard, 1990.
- Leçons VI. Les Enfants du texte. Étude sur la fonction parentale des États, Paris, Fayard, 1992.
- Leçons VIII. Le Crime du caporal Lortie. Traité sur le Père, Paris, Fayard, 1994.
- La Fabrique de l'homme occidental, Paris, Mille et une nuits, 1996.
- Leçons III. Dieu au miroir. Étude sur l'institution des images, Paris, Fayard, 1997.
- Leçons I. La 901e conclusion11. Étude sur le théâtre de la Raison, Paris, Fayard, 1998.
- De la société comme texte. Linéaments d'une anthropologie dogmatique, Paris, Fayard, 2001.
- Ce que l'Occident ne voit pas de l'Occident. Conférences au Japon, Paris, Mille et une nuits, 2004, coll. "Les Quarante piliers".
- La Balafre. À la jeunesse désireuse… Discours à de jeunes étudiants sur la science et l'ignorance, Paris, Mille et une nuits, 2007, coll. "Les quarante piliers".
- Dominium mundi. L'Empire du management, Paris, Mille et une nuits, 2007
    (traduction allemande : Dominium mundi. Das Imperium des Managements, traduit par Jörg Mirtl, Turia Kant,2008).
- Leçons IX. L'Autre Bible de l'Occident : le monument romano-canonique. Étude sur l'architecture dogmatique des sociétés, Paris, Fayard, 2009.
- Le Point fixe. Nouvelles conférences, Paris, Mille et une nuits, 2010, coll. "Les quarante piliers".
- Argumenta dogmatica, Paris, Fayard, 2012.
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ピエール・ルジャンドル『西洋が西洋について見ないでいること――法・言語・イメージ - Pierre Legendre, Ce que l'Occident ne voit pas de l'Occident. Conférences au Japon
http://d.hatena.ne.jp/yakumoizuru/comment?date=20041021
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Немцов, Борис Ефимович

Before midnight on 27 February 2015 in Moscow, Nemtsov was shot four times in the back as he was walking less than 200 metres from the Moscow Kremlin walls and Red Square (55.7495°N 37.62421°E) with Anna Durytska, a Ukrainian woman.
Застрелен в ночь с 27 на 28 февраля 2015 года неизвестными в Москве.
https://www.google.fr/maps/place/Kremlevskaya+nab.
Fichier d’autorité international virtuel
viaf.org/viaf/192380657/
Mainichi
http://mainichi.jp/select/news/20150228k0000e030160000c.html


涅姆佐夫
俄罗斯反对派政治家涅姆佐夫周六凌晨遇刺身亡。他曾在俄罗斯前总统叶利钦在职期间担任副总理。这位基辅政府支持者被认为是俄罗斯总统普京的最猛烈的批评者之一。

俄 罗斯知名政府批评人士涅姆佐夫(Boris Nemtsov)本周六凌晨(2月28日)在莫斯特街头遭枪击死亡。据悉,这位俄罗斯前副总理当时正与来自乌克兰的熟人在一起,他走过克里姆林宫附近的一 座桥梁时被人从背后射入4枪。俄罗斯内政部一位发言人做出了上述表示。不过周六早晨检查官表示,他至少身受7枪。

55岁的涅姆佐夫是三个孩子的父亲。他是“人民自由党”领导人,被认为是俄罗斯反对派中最有个性的政治人物。这位富有魅力的政客是俄罗斯总统普京最猛烈的抨击者之一。

普京:受人指使的暴力事件

普京一位发言人表示,血腥事件发生后普京立刻接到了通知,他委派一个特别小组负责调查这起事件。普京通过这名发言人表示,这是一起受人指使的“暴力谋杀”和“严重挑衅”事件。他向被害人家属表示慰问。

涅姆佐夫被认为是亲欧洲基辅政府的一名坚定支持者。他曾经表示,希望革命的火花能够飞舞蔓延到俄罗斯。他对乌克兰危机发出了严厉的谴责,认为这是俄罗斯的侵略行为。他曾经发出批评,说普京是一个“骗子”。

俄 罗斯反对派计划在本周日举行反对普京的大规模游行。示威不仅反对乌克兰战争,也要表达对政府无能应对经济危机的抗议。不过因为计划中的集会地点没有批准, 示威地点由市中心改为在莫斯科东南部地区举行。有通讯社援引调查人员表示,涅姆佐夫的谋杀可能是对反政府批评举行活动之前的故意挑衅行为。

俄罗斯反对派政治家雷日科夫(Wladimir Ryschkow)发出警告,要注意“对持不同政见者不断增长的仇恨”,枪杀事件的发生使他感到震惊。他强调,如今所有俄罗斯反对派人士和记者都生活在危险之中。

美国总统奥巴马也对此事进行了关注。白宫发表的一份声明中要求俄罗斯领导人要对血案进行“迅速、公正和透明”的调查。奥巴马称赞涅姆佐夫“勇敢无畏”打击腐败。他向涅姆佐夫的家属表示了慰问。

叶利钦的副总理

乌克兰总统波罗申科(Petro Poroschenko)表示,这起谋杀让他震惊,在推特上他写道:“他们谋杀了涅姆佐夫。这难以让人置信。我确信凶手迟早会受到惩罚。”

涅 姆佐夫曾经担任俄罗斯中部地区下诺夫哥罗德(Nischni Nowgorod)州长一职并从此成为俄罗斯的知名政治人物。1997年和1998年,他曾是叶利钦(Boris N. Yeltsin)时代的政府副总理。涅姆佐夫被认为是自由化改革计划的制定者之一。2008年的大选中他被右翼力量联盟推选为候选人,不过在选举前夕他退 出了竞选。
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平和に中継す
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Louis Armstrong - (What Did I Do To Be So) Black And Blue - New York, 22.07. 1929 .
Louis Armstrong And His Orchestra
Bert Curry, Crawford Wetherington (as);
Mancy Cara (bj);
Pete Briggs (b);
Jimmy Strong (cl);
Arthur "Zutty" Singleton (d);
Carroll Dickerson (vln,ldr);
Gene Anderson (p);
Jimmy Strong (ts);
Fred Robinson (tb);
Homer Hobson (tp);
Louis Armstrong (tp,vcl);
Written By - Razaf/Waller
New York, July 22, 1929 - Matrix - S 402535-B
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CRYPTO-GRAM

February 15, 2015

by Bruce Schneier
CTO, Co3 Systems, Inc.
schneier@schneier.com
https://www.schneier.com
** * *** ***** ********* ***********

In this issue:
Samsung Television Spies on Viewers
Accountability as a Security System
When Thinking Machines Break the Law
News
Obama Says Terrorism Is Not an Existential Threat
National Academies Report on Bulk Intelligence Collection
Schneier News
Co3 Systems News
My Superpower
New Book: "Data and Goliath"
DEA Also Conducting Mass Telephone Surveillance


** * *** ***** ********* ***********

Samsung Television Spies on Viewers



Earlier this week, we learned that Samsung televisions are eavesdropping on their owners. If you have one of their Internet-connected smart TVs, you can turn on a voice command feature that saves you the trouble of finding the remote, pushing buttons and scrolling through menus. But making that feature work requires the television to listen to everything you say. And what you say isn't just processed by the television; it may be forwarded over the Internet for remote processing. It's literally Orwellian.

This discovery surprised people, but it shouldn't have. The things around us are increasingly computerized, and increasingly connected to the Internet. And most of them are listening.

Our smartphones and computers, of course, listen to us when we're making audio and video calls. But the microphones are always there, and there are ways a hacker, government, or clever company can turn those microphones on without our knowledge. Sometimes we turn them on ourselves. If we have an iPhone, the voice-processing system Siri listens to us, but only when we push the iPhone's button. Like Samsung, iPhones with the "Hey Siri" feature enabled listen all the time. So do Android devices with the "OK Google" feature enabled, and so does an Amazon voice-activated system called Echo. Facebook has the ability to turn your smartphone's microphone on when you're using the app.

Even if you don't speak, our computers are paying attention. Gmail "listens" to everything you write, and shows you advertising based on it. It might feel as if you're never alone. Facebook does the same with everything you write on that platform, and even listens to the things you type but don't post. Skype doesn't listen -- we think -- but as Der Spiegel notes, data from the service "has been accessible to the NSA's snoops" since 2011.

So the NSA certainly listens. It listens directly, and it listens to all these companies listening to you. So do other countries like Russia and China, which we really don't want listening so closely to their citizens.

It's not just the devices that listen; most of this data is transmitted over the Internet. Samsung sends it to what was referred to as a "third party" in its policy statement. It later revealed that third party to be a company you've never heard of -- Nuance -- that turns the voice into text for it. Samsung promises that the data is erased immediately. Most of the other companies that are listening promise no such thing and, in fact, save your data for a long time. Governments, of course, save it, too.

This data is a treasure trove for criminals, as we are learning again and again as tens and hundreds of millions of customer records are repeatedly stolen. Last week, it was reported that hackers had accessed the personal records of some 80 million Anthem Health customers and others. Last year, it was Home Depot, JP Morgan, Sony and many others. Do we think Nuance's security is better than any of these companies? I sure don't.

At some level, we're consenting to all this listening. A single sentence in Samsung's 1,500-word privacy policy, the one most of us don't read, stated: "Please be aware that if your spoken words include personal or other sensitive information, that information will be among the data captured and transmitted to a third party through your use of Voice Recognition." Other services could easily come with a similar warning: Be aware that your e-mail provider knows what you're saying to your colleagues and friends and be aware that your cell phone knows where you sleep and whom you're sleeping with -- assuming that you both have smartphones, that is.

The Internet of Things is full of listeners. Newer cars contain computers that record speed, steering wheel position, pedal pressure, even tire pressure --- and insurance companies want to listen. And, of course, your cell phone records your precise location at all times you have it on -- and possibly even when you turn it off. If you have a smart thermostat, it records your house's temperature, humidity, ambient light and any nearby movement. Any fitness tracker you're wearing records your movements and some vital signs; so do many computerized medical devices. Add security cameras and recorders, drones and other surveillance airplanes, and we're being watched, tracked, measured and listened to almost all the time.

It's the age of ubiquitous surveillance, fueled by both Internet companies and governments. And because it's largely happening in the background, we're not really aware of it.

This has to change. We need to regulate the listening: both what is being collected and how it's being used. But that won't happen until we know the full extent of surveillance: who's listening and what they're doing with it. Samsung buried its listening details in its privacy policy -- they have since amended it to be clearer -- and we're only having this discussion because a Daily Beast reporter stumbled upon it. We need more explicit conversation about the value of being able to speak freely in our living rooms without our televisions listening, or having e-mail conversations without Google or the government listening. Privacy is a prerequisite for free expression, and losing that would be an enormous blow to our society.

This essay previously appeared on CNN.com.
http://www.cnn.com/2015/02/11/opinion/schneier-samsung-tv-listening/index.html or http://tinyurl.com/qg4xe2o

http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2015/02/05/your-samsung-smarttv-is-spying-on-you-basically.html or http://tinyurl.com/ndsu5lu
http://www.bbc.com/news/technology-31296188
http://global.samsungtomorrow.com/samsung-smart-tvs-do-not-monitor-living-room-conversations/ or http://tinyurl.com/ka3vzqa

FBI monitoring webcams:
https://twitter.com/xor/status/564356757007261696/photo/1
http://gizmodo.com/fbi-can-secretly-activate-laptop-cameras-without-the-in-1478371370 or http://tinyurl.com/pq43dev

Turning on webcams remotely:
http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/the-switch/wp/2013/12/18/research-shows-how-macbook-webcams-can-spy-on-their-users-without-warning/ or http://tinyurl.com/po2q6r6

Amazon Echo:
http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/the-switch/wp/2014/11/11/how-closely-is-amazons-echo-listening/ or http://tinyurl.com/m6k9zno

Facebook listening on your smartphone:
http://www.forbes.com/sites/kashmirhill/2014/05/22/facebook-wants-to-listen-in-on-what-youre-doing/ or http://tinyurl.com/lqmzqhx

Facebook collecting what you type but don't post:
http://www.slate.com/articles/technology/future_tense/2013/12/facebook_self_censorship_what_happens_to_the_posts_you_don_t_publish.html or http://tinyurl.com/oz5gj3v

Der Spiegel article:
http://www.spiegel.de/international/germany/inside-the-nsa-s-war-on-internet-security-a-1010361.html or http://tinyurl.com/n6nsbvc

Anthem Health hack:
http://money.cnn.com/2015/02/04/technology/anthem-insurance-hack-data-security/ or http://tinyurl.com/kr6ug8b

2014 major hacks:
http://www.zdnet.com/pictures/2014-in-security-the-biggest-hacks-leaks-and-data-breaches/3/ or http://tinyurl.com/nv36man

Samsung's privacy policy:
https://www.samsung.com/sg/info/privacy/smarttv.html

Surveillance and the Internet of Things:
https://www.schneier.com/essays/archives/2013/05/will_giving_the_inte.html or http://tinyurl.com/nrmxsnr

NSA tracking cell phones, even when they're turned off:
http://www.slate.com/blogs/future_tense/2013/07/22/nsa_can_reportedly_track_cellphones_even_when_they_re_turned_off.html or http://tinyurl.com/kjcy7wl

Age of ubiquitous surveillance:
http://www.cnn.com/2013/10/16/opinion/schneier-surveillance-trajectories/index.html or http://tinyurl.com/mdwfo6k


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Accountability as a Security System



At a CATO surveillance event last month, Ben Wittes talked about inherent presidential powers of surveillance with this hypothetical: "What should Congress have to say about the rules when Barack Obama wants to know what Vladimir Putin is talking about?" His answer was basically that Congress should have no say: "I think most people, going back to my Vladimir Putin question, would say that is actually an area of inherent presidential authority." Edward Snowden, a surprise remote participant at the event, said the opposite, although using the courts in general rather than specifically Congress as his example. "...there is no court in the world -- well, at least, no court outside Russia -- who would not go, 'This man is an agent of the foreign government. I mean, he's the head of the government.' Of course, they will say, 'this guy has access to some kind of foreign intelligence value. We'll sign the warrant for him.'"

There's a principle here worth discussing at length. I'm not talking about the legal principle, as in what kind of court should oversee US intelligence collection. I'm not even talking about the constitutional principle, as in what are the US president's inherent powers. I am talking about the philosophical principle: what sorts of secret unaccountable actions do we want individuals to be able to take on behalf of their country?

Put that way, I think the answer is obvious: as little as possible.

I am not a lawyer or a political scientist. I am a security technologist. And to me, the separation of powers and the checks and balances written into the US constitution are a security system. The more Barack Obama can do by himself in secret, the more power he has -- and the more dangerous that is to all of us. By limiting the actions individuals and groups can take on their own, and forcing differing institutions to approve the actions of each other, the system reduces the ability for those in power to abuse their power. It holds them accountable.

We have enshrined the principle of different groups overseeing each other in many of our social and political systems. The courts issue warrants, limiting police power. Independent audit companies verify corporate balance sheets, limiting corporate power. And the executive, the legislative, and the judicial branches of government get to have their say in our laws. Sometimes accountability takes the form of prior approval, and sometimes it takes the form of ex post facto review. It's all inefficient, of course, but it's an inefficiency we accept because it makes us all safer.

While this is a fine guiding principle, it quickly falls apart in the practicalities of running a modern government. It's just not possible to run a country where every action is subject to review and approval. The complexity of society, and the speed with which some decisions have to be made, can require unilateral actions. So we make allowances. Congress passes broad laws, and agencies turn them into detailed rules and procedures. The president is the commander in chief of the entire US military when it comes time to fight wars. Policemen have a lot of discretion on their own on the beat. And we only get to vote elected officials in and out of office every two, four, or six years.

The thing is, we can do better today. I've often said that the modern constitutional democracy is the best form of government mid-18th-century technology could produce. Because both communications and travel were difficult and expensive, it made sense for geographically proximate groups of people to choose one representative to go all the way over there and act for them over a long block of time.

Neither of these two limitations is true today. Travel is both cheap and easy, and communications are so cheap and easy as to be virtually free. Video conferencing and telepresence allow people to communicate without traveling. Surely if we were to design a democratic government today, we would come up with better institutions than the ones we are stuck with because of history.

And we can come up with more granular systems of checks and balances. So, yes, I think we would have a better government if a court had to approve all surveillance actions by the president, including those against Vladimir Putin. And today it might be possible to have a court do just that. Wittes argues that making some of these changes is impossible, given the current US constitution. He may be right, but that doesn't mean they're not good ideas.

Of course, the devil is always in the details. Efficiency is still a powerful counterargument. The FBI has procedures for temporarily bypassing prior approval processes if speed is essential. And granularity can still be a problem. Every bullet fired by the US military can't be subject to judicial approval or even a military court, even though every bullet fired by a US policeman is -- at least in theory -- subject to judicial review. And while every domestic surveillance decision made by the police and the NSA is (also in theory) subject to judicial approval, it's hard to know whether this can work for international NSA surveillance decisions until we try.

We are all better off now that many of the NSA's surveillance programs have been made public and are being debated in Congress and in the media -- although I had hoped for more congressional action -- and many of the FISA Court's formerly secret decisions on surveillance are being made public. But we still have a long way to go, and it shouldn't take someone like Snowden to force at least some openness to happen.

This essay previously appeared on Lawfare.com, where Ben Wittes responded.
http://www.lawfareblog.com/2015/01/accountability-as-a-security-system/ or http://tinyurl.com/mpklax4

Wittes's original essay:
http://www.lawfareblog.com/2014/12/did-edward-snowden-call-for-abolishing-the-intelligence-community/ or http://tinyurl.com/o6k4475

Wittes's response to my essay:
http://www.lawfareblog.com/2015/01/a-response-to-bruce-schneier-and-a-cautious-defense-of-energy-in-the-executive/ or http://tinyurl.com/m6p5smq


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When Thinking Machines Break the Law



Last year, two Swiss artists programmed a Random Botnot Shopper, which every week would spend $100 in bitcoin to buy a random item from an anonymous Internet black market...all for an art project on display in Switzerland. It was a clever concept, except there was a problem. Most of the stuff the bot purchased was benign -- fake Diesel jeans, a baseball cap with a hidden camera, a stash can, a pair of Nike trainers -- but it also purchased ten ecstasy tablets and a fake Hungarian passport.

What do we do when a machine breaks the law? Traditionally, we hold the person controlling the machine responsible. People commit the crimes; the guns, lockpicks, or com
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Léo Ferré - Les Poètes de sept ans .
Les Poètes de sept ans est un poème en alexandrins d'Arthur Rimbaud daté par lui du 26 mai 1871.
Les Poètes de sept ans (Présentation et contexte) Source Wikipedia
http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Les_Po%C3%A8tes_de_sept_ans
Peinture Gilliane Warzée : http://gillianewarzee.wix.com/artiste-peintre#!2014/c1yko

Et la Mère, fermant le livre du devoir,
S'en allait satisfaite et très fière, sans voir,
Dans les yeux bleus et sous le front plein d'éminences,
L'âme de son enfant livrée aux répugnances.
Tout le jour il suait d'obéissance ; très
Intelligent ; pourtant des tics noirs, quelques traits
Semblaient prouver en lui d'âcres hypocrisies.
Dans l'ombre des couloirs aux tentures moisies,
En passant il tirait la langue, les deux poings
À l'aine, et dans ses yeux fermés voyait des points.
Une porte s'ouvrait sur le soir : à la lampe,
On le voyait, là-haut, qui râlait sur la rampe,
Sous un golfe de jour pendant du toit. L'été
Surtout, vaincu, stupide, il était entêté
À se renfermer dans la fraîcheur des latrines :
Il pensait là, tranquille et livrant ses narines.

Quand, lavé des odeurs du jour, le jardinet
Derrière la maison, en hiver, s'illunait,
Gisant au pied d'un mur, enterré dans la marne
Et pour des visions écrasant son œil darne,
Il écoutait grouiller les galeux espaliers.
Pitié ! Ces enfants seuls étaient ses familiers
Qui, chétifs, fronts nus, œil déteignant sur la joue,
Cachant de maigres doigts jaunes et noirs de boue
Sous des habits puant la foire et tout vieillots,
Conversaient avec la douceur des idiots !
Et si, l'ayant surpris à des pitiés immondes,
Sa mère s'effrayait ; les tendresses, profondes,
De l'enfant se jetaient sur cet étonnement.
C'était bon. Elle avait le bleu regard, — qui ment !

À sept ans, il faisait des romans, sur la vie
Du grand désert, où luit la Liberté ravie,
Forêts, soleils, rives, savanes ! — Il s'aidait
De journaux illustrés où, rouge, il regardait
Des Espagnoles rire et des Italiennes.
Quand venait, l'œil brun, folle, en robes d'indiennes,
— Huit ans, — la fille des ouvriers d'à côté,
La petite brutale, et qu'elle avait sauté,
Dans un coin, sur son dos, en secouant ses tresses,
Et qu'il était sous elle, il lui mordait les fesses,
Car elle ne portait jamais de pantalons ;
— Et, par elle meurtri des poings et des talons,
Remportait les saveurs de sa peau dans sa chambre.

Il craignait les blafards dimanches de décembre,
Où, pommadé, sur un guéridon d'acajou,
Il lisait une Bible à la tranche vert-chou ;
Des rêves l'oppressaient chaque nuit dans l'alcôve.
Il n'aimait pas Dieu ; mais les hommes, qu'au soir fauve,
Noirs, en blouse, il voyait rentrer dans le faubourg
Où les crieurs, en trois roulements de tambour,
Font autour des édits rire et gronder les foules.
— Il rêvait la prairie amoureuse, où des houles
Lumineuses, parfums sains, pubescences d'or,
Font leur remuement calme et prennent leur essor !

Et comme il savourait surtout les sombres choses,
Quand, dans la chambre nue aux persiennes closes,
Haute et bleue, âcrement prise d'humidité,
Il lisait son roman sans cesse médité,
Plein de lourds ciels ocreux et de forêts noyées,
De fleurs de chair aux bois sidérals déployées,
Vertige, écroulements, déroutes et pitié !
— Tandis que se faisait la rumeur du quartier,
En bas, — seul, et couché sur des pièces de toile
Écrue, et pressentant violemment la voile !
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Alexandre Terrat

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山辺赤人 700
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