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Akram SALHA
Works at Sirtek
Attended LAU
Lives in Paris
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Akram SALHA

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Welcome to the Sunday Giveaway, the place where we giveaway a new Android phone or tablet each and every Sunday! A big congratulations to last week’s winners of the Nexus 5X Giveaway! Adam B. (USA), enjoy your new smartphone! This week we are giving away the LG V10! With its larger display, fingerprint scanner, great design, durable build quality, camera that excels in video recording and high quality audio, the LG V10 is an incredib...
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Akram SALHA

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1.2mm is size. That's really tiny!
The finding questions accuracy of long-standing evolutionary theory, paleontologists say.
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Bonne idée. Moins de corruption.
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LE SCAN SPORT - Le secrétaire d'État au Sport du Royaume-Uni a appelé les autres pays européens à s'allier pour lancer un Mondial dissident sans la tutelle de la Fifa.
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Android is getting a TouchID-style system of its own with Android M, according to Buzzfeed's sources. Apparently it'll act a lot like the iOS tool too, b
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Akram SALHA

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Welcome to the Sunday Giveaway, the place where we giveaway a new Android phone or tablet each and every Sunday! A big congratulations to last week’s winners of the Blu Pure XL 3 Phone giveaway : Wayne J. (Canada), Aviral G (India), Rocky S (Canada). This week we are giving away a brand new Nexus 5X The Nexus 5X is offers solid specs, a promising camera, and the Nexus Imprint fingerprint sensor, combined with pure Android and a fast ...
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In 2003, Pope John Paul II approved the beatification of Mother Teresa. At the time, Christopher Hitchens called Mother Teresa “a fanatic, a fundamentalist
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Delicious French desert!
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Yummmmmmmmyyyyyyyyyyyyyy
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Please be advised: I'm about to ruin a perfectly good joke by analyzing it.

The joke here is that it places judging people on the basis of spelling, etc., on a par with judging them based on their race, creed, color, or gender. It's a kind of ridiculous comparison, elevating the picayune to be on a par with the grandiose. And it's meant to be a slightly reassuring joke, because the people who are laughing at it do, in fact, often judge people by their use or misuse of language, and while it may feel a bit schoolmarmish at times, it's a profound act of belonging to do so, as well. It makes people happy. (As various XKCD's attest)

But what are we really doing, when we judge people based on their use of language?

One thing that's useful to think about is to realize that a single language (say, English) really consists of dozens, hundreds, even thousands of dialects. "Dialect" isn't a pejorative term; it refers to the use of language among a certain group, which may be different in its lexicon, syntax, phonetics, or any number of other features from other dialects. Dialects are mutually comprehensible – that's what makes them part of the same language – but they can be quite different.

If you're reading this, you probably are fluent in at least two dialects of English without realizing it. One is Modern Standard Written English (MSWE), which is what I'm writing in now; the other is Modern Standard English (MSE), its spoken analogue. You might not have realized that these are actually kind of different, but if you ever look at a verbatim transcription of ordinary speech, even extremely educated speech, you'll see that there are significant patterns of difference: for example, phrases are shorter and have fewer subordinate clauses in MSE. (That's actually true of all spoken dialects relative to all written dialects; it's easier to hold long phrases in mind when you're reading)

Very possibly, you speak other dialects as well, often without realizing that you're code-switching between them depending on whether you're at home or elsewhere. For example, one of the most widespread American dialects is African-American Vernacular English, or AAVE for short, sometimes known as "Ebonic." It's actually one of the most linguistically interesting dialects, because it has grammatical constructs that MSE doesn't have, like a much richer verb structure including habituals ("he be working Tuesdays" == MSE "he often works on Tuesdays") and several different past tenses.

But if someone were to write a post in AAVE – especially if they wrote it to match AAVE phonetics, instead of MSWE spelling and MSE phonetics – it would be the exact sort of thing that gets judged as being "bad English." What's going on here?

"Bad English" implies that there's "Good English," and this kind of linguistic prescription has a name: a prestige dialect. In the UK, the English of the City of London became the prestige dialect as London became the increasingly powerful political center of the country during the Elizabethan period; other dialects, no less ancient and shortly before no less respected, came to be seen as the dialects of the masses, of people who didn't have regular ties to the seat of power. 

Unsurprisingly, written dialects tend to track prestige dialects closely, since writing has historically been a tool of the educated and powerful. This is sufficiently true that when we see any non-prestige dialect in written form, it looks shocking and odd at first: until very recently, especially with the advent of the Internet and mass writing (as opposed to mass literacy), we almost never saw it.

When we talk about how speaking "proper English" will get you further in life, what we mean is that by being able to speak and write in the prestige dialect, you can identify yourself as being part of that social group which can do that – that is, a group which regularly hears and speaks it, and regularly interacts with the powerful whose speech defines it. (Prestige speech is, almost by definition, the speech of the powerful) 

Another way to say it – one that's more shocking to American ears – is that speaking or writing in a prestige dialect is a performance of class. It's a way of demonstrating that you have membership in this grouping.

If someone can do this but doesn't, they're marked as acting "beneath themselves," failing to live up to a class standard. If someone can't do it at all, they're "uneducated" – which is to say, they haven't had the day-to-day opportunity and need to speak in the prestige dialect.

So to go back to the original joke, this is meant to be funny because judging people on the basis of "spelling, grammar, punctuation, and sentence structure" appears at first to be ludicrously harmless, a powerless method of judging people with friendly ribbing underneath. But if we pry it open a bit, what we're really talking about is judging people on their ability to perform membership in a social class. When it's aimed at people who are unambiguously within that social class, it may indeed have that nature of harmless ribbing; but when it isn't, when people say things like "you must be at least this smart to use the Internet," what it really is is saying "you must be part of this social class to belong here."

It's actually more sinister than it sounds.

If you'd like to read more about some of these subjects, some good places to start are:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prestige_(sociolinguistics)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/African_American_Vernacular_English

(I'll avoid giving a h/t for the image unless the earlier poster asks me to, since I'm quite certain that this poster had nothing nearly this sinister in mind, and that it was almost certainly aimed at people for whom this would not constitute "punching down." My apologies for turning an innocent post into a linguisto-political analysis.)
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Quelle honte ! Le monde libre est endormi et laisse Assad massacrer son peuple.
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Le régime syrien a tué 71 civils en bombardant les rebelles dans la province d'Alep. En Irak voisin, les forces gouvernementales se rapprochent de Ramadi, cherchant à encercler les forces djihadistes.
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L'aviation syrienne tue des civils à Alep, les troupes irakiennes avance...
www.lefigaro.fr

Le régime syrien a tué 71 civils en bombardant les rebelles dans la province d'Alep. En Irak voisin, les forces gouvernementales se rapproch

شاهد DNA.. التناقدات في خطاب نصرالله
www.alarabiya.net

تناولت حلقة الأربعاء من برنامج DNA، الذي يقدمه الإعلامي اللبناني نديم قطيش، بالتحليل الخطاب الأخير

Resistance is futile
www.dailystar.com.lb

Next week will offer additional proof that the passage of time doesn’t always smooth over the unpleasant events of the past.

وليد جنبلاط وتحسين جانبولاد: أصول واحدة وعلاقات وطيدة
www.elaph.com

يقف وليد جنبلاط مستنكرًا ما يتعرض له الأيزيديون في العراق، مستعيدًا أصول عائلية مشتركة مع أميرهم تحسين بك جانبولاد، ومتكئًا على موقع سياسي م

Sibérie : un impressionnant orage de grêle sur une plage
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Les vacanciers pensaient profiter d'une journée au bord de la mer. C'était sans compter sur la météo, et cet orage de grêle aussi soudain qu

35 ألف مقاتل شيعي في سوريا
www.lebanese-forces.com

اظهرت دراسة نشرتها "الشبكة السورية لحقوق الإنسان" ، أن أعداد الميليشيات الشيعية غير السورية التي تقاتل إلى جانب النظام يصل إلى نحو خمسة وثلا

How our region is preparing for suicide
www.dailystar.com.lb

It was obvious several years ago, when Mahmoud Ahmadinejad was Iran’s president and the Islamic Republic was expanding its power in Iraq, Le

Qassem Suleimani has brought Iran much grief
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With the sudden rise of the terrorist Islamic State of Iraq and Greater Syria (ISIS), a little-noted aspect is that Gen. Qasem Suleimani, th

Torch Music
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Torch Music is a free (no ads!) social music discovery app that lets you listen to the music you love, share your musical tastes with your f

Atheer One: What it feels like to have superpowers!
www.indiegogo.com

Atheer Developer Kit and the Atheer One: The only portable and immersive smart glasses supporting natural interaction.

Meet PlayFresco, The Palestinian Hardware Battlefield Company That Could...
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When we began our planning we initially invited 15 finalists from 11 countries onto our TC Hardware Battlefield stage. One company couldn't

BUMC Toyota
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BUMC Toyota n'a partagé aucun contenu avec vous sur cette page.

Le tragique «selfie» d'un ado victime de l'attentat de Beyrouth
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Mohammad Chaar s'était pris en photo vendredi avec des amis quelques minutes avant l'explosion d'une voiture piégée en plein coeur de la cap

Report: Khamenei's conglomerate thrived as sanctions squeezed Iran
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News, Mideast News: While Iranians were suffocating under economic sanctions, supreme leader’s business entity, Setad, managed to avoid sanc

Les députés votent une mesure anti-Amazon
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Les vendeurs de livre en ligne, et notamment le géant américain, ne pourront plus cumuler la gratuité des frais de port et la remise autoris

LAF Shield
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The Lebanese Army owns no other application than LAF Shield, and the use of the “Lebanese Army” title in any language for any application an

Coca-Cola
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Open Happiness. The official Coca-Cola page on Google+.

Air France
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Making the sky the best place on Earth

Les plats sont immenses, les plus grands que j'ai jamais vu à Paris. Mais c'est délicieux, et les prix sont raisonnables. Je recommande.
Public - 2 months ago
reviewed 2 months ago
Il est tendance en ce moment, il n'était pas un endroit très fréquenté avant. Je passe par là quasiment tous les jours. Il y en a des très bons restos.
Public - 2 months ago
reviewed 2 months ago
La bouffe vietnamienne à petit prix. C'était délicieux. À recommander.
Public - 2 months ago
reviewed 2 months ago
C'est le magasin japonais typique. Un peu cher mais inspirant.
Public - 2 months ago
reviewed 2 months ago
11 reviews
Map
Map
Map
Endroit magique. J'habite à côté et je le trouve toujours charmant.
Public - 2 months ago
reviewed 2 months ago
C'est mieux qu'avant mais on sent parfois l'urine en descendant l'escalator, il faut faire mieux la mairie !
Public - 2 months ago
reviewed 2 months ago
C'est un peu cher mais on peut trouver quasiment tout.
Public - 2 months ago
reviewed 2 months ago