In this research we examine estimates of American social class mobility—the ability to move up or down in education and income status. Across studies, overestimates of class mobility were large and particularly likely among younger participants and those higher in subjective social class—both measured (Studies 1–3) and manipulated (Study 4). Class mobility overestimates were independent of general estimation errors (Study 3) and persisted after accounting for knowledge of class mobility assessed in terms of educational attainment and self-ratings. Experiments revealed that mobility overestimates were shaped by exposure to information about the genetic determinants of social class—a faux science article suggesting genetic constraints to economic advancement increased accuracy in class mobility estimates (Study 2)—and motivated by needs to protect the self—heightening the self-relevance of class mobility increased overestimates (Study 3). Discussion focused on both the costs and benefits of overestimates of class mobility for individuals and society.
full article freely available here: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022103115000062
I stand and watch the rain
Falling in pools which make
Our grave old planet shine;
The clear rain falling, just the same
As that which fell in Homer's time
And that which dropped in Villon's day
Falling on mother and on child
As on the passive backs of sheep;
Rain saying all it has to say
Again and yet again, and yet
Without the power to make less hard
The wooden heads of tyrants or
To soften their stone hearts,
And powerless to make them feel
Amazement as they ought;
A drizzling rain which falls
Across all Europe's map,
Wrapping all men alive
In the same moist envelope;
Despite the soldiers loading arms,
Despite the newspapers' alarms,
Despite all this, all that,
A shower of drizzling rain
Making the flags hang wet.
#nobullying #psychology #school
- Mind, Music, and LanguageEditor-in-Chief, present
home is where the heart is
Mind, Music, and Language
For friends and employers, thanks for visiting:
Adam has published peer-reviewed articles in scholarly journals across 6 academic fields, including linguistics, martial arts, music, philosophy, poetry, and psychology. He has also peer-reviewed books and articles for professional academic publications in linguistics, music, philosophy, and psychology, including:
- Academic Press
- Frontiers in Psychology
- Intercultural Pragmatics
- International Journal of Wellbeing
- Journal of Music and Meaning
- Journal of the American Philosophical Association
- Language Sciences
- Linguistic and Philosophical Investigations
- Mind, Music, and Language
- Musicae Scientiae
- Pragmatics and Society
- Psychology of Music
- South African Journal of Philosophy
- Auditory Research Lab, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania (Principle Investigator: Yale Cohen)
- Social Psychology Lab, Department of Psychology, University of Pennsylvania (Principle Investigator: Geoffrey Goodwin)
- Mind and Development Lab, Department of Psychology, Yale University (Principle Investigator: Paul Bloom)
- Language Acquisition and Sound Recognition Lab, Department of Cognitive Science, University of California, San Diego (Principle Investigator: Sarah Creel)
- Dog Cognition Lab, Department of Psychology, Columbia University (Principle Investigator: Alexandra Horowitz)
A review of his work can be found here.
- Croom, A. M. (2015). The semantics of slurs: A refutation of coreferentialism. Ampersand: An International Journal of General and Applied Linguistics, 2, 1-21.
- Croom, A. M. (2015). Aristotelian moral psychology and the situationist challenge. Polish Psychological Bulletin, 46, 1-29.
- Croom, A. M. (2015). Asian slurs and stereotypes in the USA: A context-sensitive account of derogation and appropriation. Pragmatics and Society, 6, 1-20.
- Croom, A. M. (2015). The importance of poetry, hip-hop, and philosophy for an enlisted aviator in the USAF (2000-2004) flying in support of Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom. Journal of Poetry Therapy, 28, 1-25.
- Croom, A. M. (2015). The practice of poetry and the psychology of well-being. Journal of Poetry Therapy, 28, 21-41.
- Croom, A. M. (2015). Musical affordances and the extended mind. Frontiers in Psychology.
- Croom, A. M. (2015). An assessment of the negative and positive aspects of stereotypes and the derogatory and non-derogatory uses of slurs. In J. L. Mey & A. Capone (eds.), Interdisciplinary Studies in Pragmatics, Culture and Society (Chapter 31). Dordrecht: Springer.
- Croom, A. M. (2015). Music practice and participation for psychological well-being: A review of how music influences positive emotion, engagement, relationships, meaning, and accomplishment. Musicae Scientiae: The European Journal for the Cognitive Sciences of Music, 19, 44-64.
- Croom, A. M. (2014). Spanish slurs and stereotypes for Mexican-Americans in the USA: A context-sensitive account of derogation and appropriation. Sociocultural Pragmatics: An International Journal of Spanish Linguistics, 2, 145-179.
- Croom, A. M. (2014). Embodying martial arts for mental health: Cultivating psychological wellbeing with martial arts practice. Archives of Budo Science of Martial Arts and Extreme Sports, 10, 59-70.
- Croom, A. M. (2014). Slurs, stereotypes, and in-equality: A critical review of "How Epithets and Stereotypes are Racially Unequal". Language Sciences, SI: Slurs, 1-16.
- Croom, A. M. (2014). Race, racial stereotypes, and racial slurs. In N. Nobis (ed.), Philosophy of Race: Introductory Readings. US: OpenBook Publishers.
- Croom, A. M. (2014). Book Review: Auditory Neuroscience: Making Sense of Sound. Musicae Scientiae: The European Journal for the Cognitive Sciences of Music, 18, 249-251.
- Croom, A. M. (2014). The semantics of slurs: A refutation of pure expressivism. Language Sciences, 41, 227-242.
- Croom, A. M. (2014). Remarks on "The semantics of racial slurs". Linguistic and Philosophical Investigations, 13, 11-32.
- Croom, A. M. (2014). Vindicating virtue: A critical analysis of the situationist challenge against Aristotelian moral psychology. Integrative Psychological and Behavioral Science, 48, 18-47.
- Croom, A. M. (2014). Music and the embodied mind: A jam session for theorists on musical improvisation, instrumental self-extension, and the biological and social basis of music and well-being. Frontiers in Psychology, 5.
- Croom, A. M. (2013). Racial epithets, characterizations, and slurs. Analysis and Metaphysics, 12, 11-24.
- Croom, A. M. (2013). How to do things with slurs: Studies in the way of derogatory words. Language and Communication, 33, 177-204.
- Croom, A. M. (2012). Music, neuroscience, and the psychology of well-being: A precis. Frontiers in Psychology, 2, 393.
- Croom, A. M. (2012). Aesthetic concepts, perceptual learning, and linguistic enculturation: Considerations from Wittgenstein, language, and music. Integrative Psychological and Behavioral Science, 46, 90-117.
- Croom, A. M. (2011). Slurs. Language Sciences, 33, 343-358.
- Croom, A. M. (2010). Thick concepts, non-cognitivism, and Wittgenstein's rule-following considerations. South African Journal of Philosophy, 29, 286-309.
- Croom, A. M. (2010). Wittgenstein, Kripke, and the rule following paradox. Dialogue, 52, 103-109.
- Croom, A. M. (2008). Racial epithets: What we say and mean by them. Dialogue, 51, 34-45.
- Sheskin, M., Nadal, A., Croom, A. M., Mayer, T., Nissel, J., & Bloom, P. (submitted). The slow emergence of fairness over childhood development.
- Adamek, M., & Darrow, A. (2012). Music participation as a means to facilitate self-determination and transition to community life for students with disabilities. In J. Burnette, B. Gerber, A. Hammell, & B. Pape (eds.), The Intersection of Arts Education and Special Education: Exemplary Programs and Approaches (pp. 101-112). Washington: The John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts.
- Allan, K. (2014). When is a slur not a slur? The use of "nigger" in Pulp Fiction.
- Bach, K. (2014). Loaded words: On the semantics and pragmatics of slurs. American Philosophical Association: 2014 Pacific Division Meeting, 19 April 2014.
- Baldi, M. (2013). Wittgenstein and aesthetics: A bibliography. Aisthesis: Pratiche, linguaggi e saperi dell’estetico, 6, 307-322.
- Beaton, M. E., & Washington, H. (2014). Slurs and the indexical field: The pejoration and reclaiming of favelado 'slum-dweller'. Language Sciences, SI: Slurs, 1-10.
- Beller, C. (2013). Manufactured and inherent pejorativity. Proceedings of Semantics and Linguistic Theory, 23, 136-155.
- Bianchi, C. (2014). Slurs and appropriation: An echoic account. Journal of Pragmatics, 66, 35-44.
- Blakemore, D. (2014). Slurs and expletives: A case against a general account of expressive meaning. Language Sciences, Special Issue on Slurs, 1-14.
- Brogaard, B., & Marlow, K. (2013). From brain damage to Beethoven: How a head injury created a musical prodigy. Guru, 11, 10-14.
- Cameron, J. (2012). The n-word: Neutralising the power to harm with racial epithets. Decoded Science, 13 February.
- Camp, E. (2013). Slurring perspectives. Analytic Philosophy, 54, 330-349.
- Chang, D. (2013). Mindscapes and Landscapes: Exploring the Educational Intersections of Neuroscience, Ecology and Meditation. Dissertation at University of British Columbia.
- Colombetti, G., & Krueger, J. (2014). Scaffoldings of the affective mind. Philosophical Psychology.
- Corredor, C. (2013). Pejorative words, linguistic meaning and social interaction. Third International Conference on Philosophy of Language and Linguistics. University of Lodz. 9-11 May.
- Cupkovic, G. (2014). Diachronic variations of slurs and levels of derogation: On some regional, ethnic and racial slurs in Croatian. Language Sciences, Special Issue on Slurs.
- Darrow, A. A. (2014). Promoting social and emotional growth of students with disabilities. General Music Today, 28, 29-32.
- De Castilla, C. R. (2013). Citizenship Constructions: Rhetoric, Immigration, and Arizona’s SB 1070. Dissertation at University of Texas at Austin.
- DiFranco, R. (2014). Pejorative language. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
- Donatovic, P. (2013). Emocionalno doživljavanje glazbene i vizualne stimulacije djece s govornim teškoćama. Dissertation at University of Zagreb.
- Dũng, H., & Mai, T. (2011). Tốt nghĩa và xấu nghĩa trong tiếng Việt. Ngôn ngữ, 12, 38-46.
- Haugh, M., & Bousfield, D. (2012). Mock impoliteness, jocular mockery and jocular abuse in Australian and British English. Journal of Pragmatics, 44, 1099-1114.
- Henry, P. J., Butler, S. E., & Brandt, M. J. (2014). The influence of target group status on the perception of the offensiveness of group-based slurs. Journal of Experimental and Social Psychology, 53, 185-192.
- Heyser, E. (2012). Boomer? Midlifer? Can’t we find a better name for ourselves? PBS: Next Avenue, 9 May.
- Jackson, J. (2014). Structural differentiation and the poetics of violence shaping Brack Obama's presidency: A study in personhood, literacy, and the improvisation of African-American republics. Language Sciences, Special Issue on Slurs.
- Jeshion, R. (2013). Slurs and stereotypes. Analytic Philosophy, 54, 314-329.
- Jeshion, R. (2013). Expressivism and the offensiveness of slurs. Philosophical Perspectives, 27, 307-335.
- Kajda, K., & Michalik, T. (2014). Made in Sachsenhausen: Recontextualization and reappropriation of the pink triangle symbol among gay and lesbian groups in North America as an example of the symbolic theft. Interalia: A Journal of Queer Studies.
- Krueger, J. (2014). Affordances and the musically extended mind. Frontiers in Psychology, 4, 1003.
- Lahn, J. W. (2013). Problematizing the Victim/Survivor Binary: Letting Stories of Sexual Violence Breathe Through Feminist Narratives. Montreal: McGill University.
- Maes, P., Leman, M., Palmer, C., & Wanderley, M. (2014). Action-based effects on music perception. Frontiers in Psychology, 4, 1008.
- Mailman, J. (2012). Seven metaphors for (music) listening: DRAMaTIC. Journal of Sonic Studies, 2, 3.
- McKinnon, S. (2013). The role of intonation and gesture in mock vs. genuine politeness. Workshop on Catalan Prosody, Fifth Edition. Pompeu Fabra University. 17 June.
- Meibauer, J. (2014). Bald-faced lies as acts of verbal aggression. Journal of Language Aggression and Conflict, 2, 127-150.
- Meibauer, J. (2013). Pejoration. In I. Bornkessel-Schlesewsky, M. Cysouw, J. Fleischer, J. Herrgen, C. Kauschke, R. Kehrein, J. E. Schmidt, R. Wiese, S. Weninger & I. Zollna (eds.), Mitteilungen der Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Sprachwissenschaft, Nr. 77 (pp. 22). Berlin: Humboldt University of Berlin.
- Nunberg, G. (2013). Slurs aren’t special. Linguistics Department Colloquium. University of California at Berkeley. 29 April.
- O'Dea, C. J., Miller, S. S., Andres, E. B., Ray, M. H., Till, D. F., & Saucier, D. A. (2014). Out of bounds: Factors affecting the perceived offensiveness of racial slurs. Language Sciences, Special Issue on Slurs.
- Piazza, F. (2013). Parole in duello: Riflessioni sulla violenza verbale. Paradigmi: Revista di Critica Filosofica, 2, 20.
- Piazza, F. (2012). Il conflitto verbale tra membri di uno stesso gruppo: Il caso dell’Iliade. Rivista Italiana di Filosofia del Linguaggio, 6, 80-94.
- Redlands College (2013). Music at Redlands College: Four good reasons to enroll your child in music lessons. Redlands College Performance Music Department.
- Renders, W. (2012). Investigating the Dissonance Percept with a Dichotic Listening Paradigm. Dissertation at Gent University.
- Ribeiro, M. (2012). O Paradoxo do Cético de Wittgenstein Enunciado por Kripke. Dissertation at University of Brasília.
- Rickson, D. (2014). Can therapy in education be dangerous? Voices: A World Forum for Music Therapy, 14.
- Sabramiz, A., & Dabagh, S. (2011). Moral realism and anti-realism in later Wittgenstein. Metaphysik, 3, 77-94.
- Saucier, D. A., Till, D. F., Miller, S. S., O'Dea, C. J., & Andres, E. (2014). Slurs against masculinity: Masculine honor beliefs and men's reactions to slurs. Language Sciences, Special Issue on Slurs.
- Schafer, T., Fachner, J., & Smukalla, M. (2013). Changes in the representation of space and time while listening to music. Frontiers in Psychology, 4, 508.
- Schafer, T., Smukalla, M., & Oelker, S. (2013). How music changes our lives: A qualitative study of the long-term effects of intense musical experiences. Psychology of Music, 42, 525-544.
- Scholz, D. S., Wu, L., Schneider, J., Pirzer, J., Grossbach, M., Rollnik, J. D., & Altenmuuller, E. O. (2014). Sonification as a possible stroke rehabilitation strategy. Frontiers in Neuroscience, 8, 322.
- Sennet, A., & Copp, D. (2014). What kind of mistake is it to use a slur? Philosophical Studies.
- Simmons, L. (2012). Sticks and stones. The AS Review: Associated Students of Western Washington University, 21 February.
- Stoyle, G. (2012). Is the use of racial slurs really just black and white? Linguistics Research Digest, 12 November.
- Sundbom, M. (2011). Ett litet ord med stora implikationer: En studie om förståelsen kring ordet Gay i allmänt negativ bemärkelse. Dissertation at Uppsala University.
- Vallee, R. (2014). Slurring and common knowledge of ordinary language. Journal of Pragmatics, 61, 78-90.
- Walsh, G. (2011). (Not) Mincing Words: A Qualitative Study of How Gay and Queer Men Make Sense of "Fag/got". Dissertation at Carleton University.
- University of PennsylvaniaCognitive Science, Linguistics, Philosophy
- Harvard UniversityPoetry