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Bobby Seale
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The Original 1966 Founding Chairman & National Organizer of the Black Panther Party
The Original 1966 Founding Chairman & National Organizer of the Black Panther Party

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“Power to the People: The World of the Black Panthers” by Stephen Shames & Bobby Seale

“Power to the People: The World of the Black Panthers”, a new book soon to be published during the Black Panther Party’s 50th Anniversary Founding year - October 22nd, 1966 through Oct, 1967, also my birthday - comes at a time when the nation is once again roiled by the consequences of racial injustice and debating the persistent legacy of racism and poverty.

“Power to the People: The World of the Black Panthers” is a window into the lives and times of Bobby Seale, Huey P. Newton, and their comrades in the party’s vital years. Stephen Shames camera captured the charisma of the young Newton; Seale’s focused energy; Eldridge Cleaver’s intensity; the disciplined style of Kathleen Cleaver and Angela Davis; Emory Douglas laying out the Panther newspaper; George Jackson’s and Bobby Hutton’s funerals; and Panthers marching at rallies and feeding children. Virtually all of the major figures are portrayed, with accompanying commentaries by me, Kathleen Cleaver, Ericka Huggins, and many others that touch on everything from politics to style.

In words and photographs, “Power to the People: The World of the Black Panthers” tells the story of this revolutionary political organization, which was founded on October 15, 1966 by Bobby Seale and Huey P. Newton. Written in my own words, with contributions by other former party members; the photographs, including many icons of the 1960’s, are by Stephen Shames, who also provides an introduction.
Once “Power to the People: The World of the Black Panthers” has been published it will be available on my website:
http://bobbyseale.com/html/orderform1.htm

Power To All The People!
Bobby Seale
http://www.bobbyseale.com/

==
#BlackPantherParty #BobbySeale
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The original Black Panther Party’s political electoral agenda was the revolutionary establishment of real economic, social, and political equality across gender and color lines, aligning itself with other progressive revolutionary organizations.

The Black Panther Party’s was one of the first organizations in U.S. history to militantly struggle for ethnic minority and working class emancipation - a party whose political electoral agenda was the revolutionary establishment of real economic, social, and political equality across gender and color lines, aligning itself with other people of color organizations including Cesar Chavez's Farm Workers Movement, AIM The American Indian Movement, Puerto Rican The Young Lords Movement and The Peace and Freedom Party, SDS, Young Patriots, etc.

Under the leadership of Fred Hamptons’ & Bobby Rush, the Black Panther Party Chapter established in Chicago developed into a stable and strong organization that establish coalitions.

The Rainbow Coalition was a coalition active in the late 1960s and early 1970s, founded in Chicago, Illinois by Fred Hampton & Bobby Rush of the Black Panther Party, along with William "Preacherman" Fesperman, Jack (Junebug) Boykin, Bobby Joe Mcginnis and Hy Thurman of the Young Patriots Organization and Jose Cha Cha Jimenez, the Puerto Rican founder of the Young Lords. It later expanded to include various radical socialist groups. It was associated with the rising Black Power movement, which mobilized some discontent and activism by other ethnic minority groups after the passage of the mid-1960s civil rights legislation under Democratic President Lyndon B. Johnson.

The coalition also included members of various local ethnic gangs, among whom Hampton, Rising Up Angry, the Young Patriots, and the Young Lords had brokered treaties to end violence between them. The leaders worked to reduce conflict by the treaties, as they believed that poor youths' fighting each other in gang wars achieved little benefit for them. Hampton and his colleagues believed that the Daley Machine in Chicago and the American ruling class used gang wars to consolidate their own political positions by gaining funding for law enforcement and dramatizing crime rather than underlying social issues

All Power To All The People!
Bobby Seale
http://bobbyseale.com/
=======


#blackpanthers #blackhistory #blackpantherparty #bobbyseale #fredhampton #bobbyrush
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Post has attachment
The original Black Panther Party’s political electoral agenda was the revolutionary establishment of real economic, social, and political equality across gender and color lines, aligning itself with other progressive revolutionary organizations.

The Black Panther Party’s was one of the first organizations in U.S. history to militantly struggle for ethnic minority and working class emancipation - a party whose political electoral agenda was the revolutionary establishment of real economic, social, and political equality across gender and color lines, aligning itself with other people of color organizations including Cesar Chavez's Farm Workers Movement, AIM The American Indian Movement, Puerto Rican The Young Lords Movement and The Peace and Freedom Party, SDS, Young Patriots, etc.

Under the leadership of Fred Hamptons’ & Bobby Rush, the Black Panther Party Chapter established in Chicago developed into a stable and strong organization that establish coalitions.

The Rainbow Coalition was a coalition active in the late 1960s and early 1970s, founded in Chicago, Illinois by Fred Hampton & Bobby Rush of the Black Panther Party, along with William "Preacherman" Fesperman, Jack (Junebug) Boykin, Bobby Joe Mcginnis and Hy Thurman of the Young Patriots Organization and Jose Cha Cha Jimenez, the Puerto Rican founder of the Young Lords. It later expanded to include various radical socialist groups. It was associated with the rising Black Power movement, which mobilized some discontent and activism by other ethnic minority groups after the passage of the mid-1960s civil rights legislation under Democratic President Lyndon B. Johnson.

The coalition also included members of various local ethnic gangs, among whom Hampton, Rising Up Angry, the Young Patriots, and the Young Lords had brokered treaties to end violence between them. The leaders worked to reduce conflict by the treaties, as they believed that poor youths' fighting each other in gang wars achieved little benefit for them. Hampton and his colleagues believed that the Daley Machine in Chicago and the American ruling class used gang wars to consolidate their own political positions by gaining funding for law enforcement and dramatizing crime rather than underlying social issues

All Power To All The People!
Bobby Seale
http://bobbyseale.com/

=======


#blackpanthers #blackhistory #blackpantherparty #bobbyseale #fredhampton #bobbyrush
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Lil’ Bobby Hutton was the first to join the newly formed original Black Panther Party for Self Defense. He was only 16 years old when he joined but already believed in the ideals that Huey P. Newton and I had outlined in the Ten-Point Program; he was dedicated to serving his community.

Lil’ Bobby Hutton was 1 of 30 Panthers who traveled to the California state capitol in Sacramento, on May 2, 1967, to demonstrate against the Mulford Act, a bill that would prohibit carrying loaded firearms in public. The group walked in to the state assembly armed as a protest to the Mulford Act. Lil’ Bobby Hutton Hutton, Bobby Seale and several of the Panthers were arrested.

Lil’Bobby Hutton was killed by Oakland Police officers on April 6, 1968, The police shot an unarmed Lil’Bobby more than a dozen times when he had surrendered, after a shoot out between the Panthers and the Oakland police at a house in West Oakland. One Oakland police officer who witnessed the shooting later told a member of the Black Panther Party that, "What they did was first degree murder." Lil’ Bobby Hutton's death at the hands of the Oakland police was yet another example of police brutality committed against the Oakland community and the Black Panther Party.

Hutton's funeral was held on April 12 at the Ephesians Church of God in Berkeley, California. About 1,500 people attended the funeral and a rally held afterwards in West Oakland was attended by over 2,000 people.

DeFremery Park in West Oakland, California was unofficially named after Lil’ Bobby Hutton not long after his death. "Lil' Bobby Hutton Day" has been held annually at the park since April 1998. Organized by family members and former and former Black Panther Party members, the memorial event features speakers, performers, and art works commemorating Hutton's black consciousness and dedication to the party.

====


All Power To All The People!
Bobby Seale
http://bobbyseale.com

= = = = = =

#bobbyhutton #blackpanthers #blackpantherparty #bobbyseale

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Lil’ Bobby Hutton was the first to join the newly formed original Black Panther Party for Self Defense. He was only 16 years old when he joined but already believed in the ideals that Huey P. Newton and I had outlined in the Ten-Point Program; he was dedicated to serving his community.

Lil’ Bobby Hutton was 1 of 30 Panthers who traveled to the California state capitol in Sacramento, on May 2, 1967, to demonstrate against the Mulford Act, a bill that would prohibit carrying loaded firearms in public. The group walked in to the state assembly armed as a protest to the Mulford Act. Lil’ Bobby Hutton Hutton, Bobby Seale and several of the Panthers were arrested.

Lil’Bobby Hutton was killed by Oakland Police officers on April 6, 1968, The police shot an unarmed Lil’Bobby more than a dozen times when he had surrendered, after a shoot out between the Panthers and the Oakland police at a house in West Oakland. One Oakland police officer who witnessed the shooting later told a member of the Black Panther Party that, "What they did was first degree murder." Lil’ Bobby Hutton's death at the hands of the Oakland police was yet another example of police brutality committed against the Oakland community and the Black Panther Party.

Hutton's funeral was held on April 12 at the Ephesians Church of God in Berkeley, California. About 1,500 people attended the funeral and a rally held afterwards in West Oakland was attended by over 2,000 people.

DeFremery Park in West Oakland, California was unofficially named after Lil’ Bobby Hutton not long after his death. "Lil' Bobby Hutton Day" has been held annually at the park since April 1998. Organized by family members and former and former Black Panther Party members, the memorial event features speakers, performers, and art works commemorating Hutton's black consciousness and dedication to the party.

====


All Power To All The People!
Bobby Seale
http://bobbyseale.com

= = = = = =

#bobbyhutton #blackpanthers #blackpantherparty #bobbyseale

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The original Black Panther Party was initially organized in response to police brutality and the deplorable economic and social conditions in Black communities throughout the United States. In a relatively short period of time the Black Panther Party grew to systematically link and encompass the related issues of U.S. imperialistic wars abroad and corporate hegemony at home. Strong and active political alliances were also made between the Black Panther Party and other progressive and radical organizations of all colors around mutual concerns that affected everyday poor and disenfranchised people---no matter what their gender or color.

The 1960’s was a time when the activism of hundreds of thousands of protesters of many different ethnic groups created coalitions. From the Young Lords to the Peace and Freedom Party, from the Yippies (Youth International Party) to Rising Up Angry, the Black Panther Party formed coalitions with antiwar and radical activist. The Black Panther Party was about “All Power To All The People” The Black Panther Party created numerous community Survival Programs such as the Free Breakfast for Children Program and registered thousands to vote.

It is time to bring the Black Panther Party /Sixties protest movement era full circle. Now we must reach for the future. Organize real peoples' programs and evolve a greater direct [participatory] community control democracy, void of racist, bigoted or chauvinistic practices and void of all the extremes of global corporate exploitation. All civil-human rights issues today are interconnected, intertwined, interdependent, and interrelated with ecological environmental problems, new-millennium political issues, and global economics. In view of today's political reality and progressive people around the world understand that they do not have to try and repeat what the original Black Panther Party evolved, but realizing that they need to continue our human liberation struggle that will move us all close to a future world of co-operational humanism. This is the true legacy of the Black Panther Party/Sixties protest movement era Power To All The People principals.

All Power To All The People!
Bobby Seale
http://bobbyseale.com/

==
#blackpanthers #blackhistory #blackpantherparty #bobbyseale
Photo

Post has attachment
The original Black Panther Party was initially organized in response to police brutality and the deplorable economic and social conditions in Black communities throughout the United States. In a relatively short period of time the Black Panther Party grew to systematically link and encompass the related issues of U.S. imperialistic wars abroad and corporate hegemony at home. Strong and active political alliances were also made between the Black Panther Party and other progressive and radical organizations of all colors around mutual concerns that affected everyday poor and disenfranchised people---no matter what their gender or color.

The 1960’s was a time when the activism of hundreds of thousands of protesters of many different ethnic groups created coalitions. From the Young Lords to the Peace and Freedom Party, from the Yippies (Youth International Party) to Rising Up Angry, the Black Panther Party formed coalitions with antiwar and radical activist. The Black Panther Party was about “All Power To All The People” The Black Panther Party created numerous community Survival Programs such as the Free Breakfast for Children Program and registered thousands to vote.

It is time to bring the Black Panther Party /Sixties protest movement era full circle. Now we must reach for the future. Organize real peoples' programs and evolve a greater direct [participatory] community control democracy, void of racist, bigoted or chauvinistic practices and void of all the extremes of global corporate exploitation. All civil-human rights issues today are interconnected, intertwined, interdependent, and interrelated with ecological environmental problems, new-millennium political issues, and global economics. In view of today's political reality and progressive people around the world understand that they do not have to try and repeat what the original Black Panther Party evolved, but realizing that they need to continue our human liberation struggle that will move us all close to a future world of co-operational humanism. This is the true legacy of the Black Panther Party/Sixties protest movement era Power To All The People principals.

All Power To All The People!
Bobby Seale
http://bobbyseale.com/

==
#blackpanthers #blackhistory #blackpantherparty #bobbyseale
Photo

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Chicago Panther leader Fred Hampton organized the Rainbow Coalition including the Puerto Rican Young Lords and the Young Patriots—a group of poor Southern white migrants. The original Black Panther Party helped the Young Patriots set up their own community service programs. In California, the original Black Panther Party made an important alliance with the mostly white Peace and Freedom Party. The Peace and Freedom Party ran Eldridge Cleaver for President in 1968 in an attempt to provide an antiwar, anti-racist alternative to the Democratic Party. An editorial in the “Black Panther”, the Black Panther Party newspaper, explained: “The increasing isolation of the black radical movement from the white radical movement was a dangerous thing, playing into the power structure’s game of divide and conquer.”

Excerpt from the documentary, "American Revolution 2." This segment showcases Black Panther Bobby Lee helping comrades in the Young Patriots (a Chicago Urban Appalachian civil rights group in similar vein to the Panthers) organize a group of working class Whites to demand for radical change in their neighborhood (which has been victimized by police brutality and economic disenfranchisement) and/or take it into their own hands. This took place in 1968 Chicago, some time after the riots that had happened after the Democratic National Convention

https://youtu.be/js7SIWw7yEE

All Power To All The People!
Bobby Seale
http://bobbyseale.com/

=======

#blackpantherparty #bobbyseale #blackpanthers #blackhistory #younglords #peaceandfreedomparty #youngpatriots

Post has attachment
Chicago Panther leader Fred Hampton organized the Rainbow Coalition including the Puerto Rican Young Lords and the Young Patriots—a group of poor Southern white migrants. The original Black Panther Party helped the Young Patriots set up their own community service programs. In California, the original Black Panther Party made an important alliance with the mostly white Peace and Freedom Party. The Peace and Freedom Party ran Eldridge Cleaver for President in 1968 in an attempt to provide an antiwar, anti-racist alternative to the Democratic Party. An editorial in the “Black Panther”, the Black Panther Party newspaper, explained: “The increasing isolation of the black radical movement from the white radical movement was a dangerous thing, playing into the power structure’s game of divide and conquer.”

Excerpt from the documentary, "American Revolution 2." This segment showcases Black Panther Bobby Lee helping comrades in the Young Patriots (a Chicago Urban Appalachian civil rights group in similar vein to the Panthers) organize a group of working class Whites to demand for radical change in their neighborhood (which has been victimized by police brutality and economic disenfranchisement) and/or take it into their own hands. This took place in 1968 Chicago, some time after the riots that had happened after the Democratic National Convention

https://youtu.be/js7SIWw7yEE

All Power To All The People!
Bobby Seale
http://bobbyseale.com/

=======

#blackpantherparty #bobbyseale #blackpanthers #blackhistory #younglords #peaceandfreedomparty #youngpatriots

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The Ten Point Program: Founding Documentation of the Black Panther Party.

This is what happened with the beginning and completion of the Ten Point Program and getting a name for our new organization in the month of October 1966. Actually we started on the 10th of Oct, NOT the 15th. On that night in my office where I worked for the City Government of Oakland, we created the first draft.

After their program corrections rewrite with Melvin Newton's assistance, Huey's brother and UC graduate student, and Seale's ready to be printed stencil layout completion on October 22, 1966 by Bobby Seale, of their Ten Point Program document entitled "What We Want… What we believe" they agreed upon the name, The Black Panther Party For Self Defense. In effect the final founding date was October 22, 1966 when Seale and Newton with the flip of a coin, named themselves Chairman and Minister Of Defense, respectively. The Ten Point Program was concluded with a paraphrasing of the first two paragraphs of the founding documentation of the United States: The Declaration Of Independence.

While Huey Newton voiced the need for effective dedicated small group organizing, Bobby Seale's stated objective was nationwide organizing so as to unite all the Black Community voters into a nationwide political movement to ultimately run for political offices to man and or take over the majority of localized political city council seats in urban cities and rural counties where African Americans represented large populations. The ballot or the bullet with a preference for the ballot was key to Seale's idea of gaining "constitutional democratic civil-human rights!"

Upon the founding and within the first two months the most immediate activity designed by Newton was to use "legal" guns to patrol and observe police. [By fall of 1966 with the founding of the BPP Newton had completed two years in San Francisco law school] Using specific California laws researched by Newton and the first and second amendment rights, complete with law books, legal aid, and copies of the Ten Point Program they patrolled “observed the police, and in Huey P. Newton's words, "So we can capture the imagination of the people." In Seale's words, "Then organize the people into political electoral unity in opposition to all the rampant institutional racism!"

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The original “Ten Point Program” from October, 1966 was as follows:

1. We want freedom. We want power to determine the destiny of our black Community.

We believe that black people will not be free until we are able to determine our destiny.

2. We want full employment for our people.

We believe that the federal government is responsible and obligated to give every man employment or a guaranteed income. We believe that if the white American businessmen will not give full employment, then the means of production should be taken from the businessmen and placed in the community so that the people of the community can organize and employ all of its people and give a high standard of living.

3. We want an end to the robbery by the white man of our black Community.

We believe that this racist government has robbed us and now we are demanding the overdue debt of forty acres and two mules. Forty acres and two mules was promised 100 years ago as restitution for slave labor and mass murder of black people. We will accept the payment as currency which will be distributed to our many communities. The Germans are now aiding the Jews in Israel for the genocide of the sJewish people. The Germans murdered six million Jews. The American racist has taken part in the slaughter of over 50 million black people; therefore, we feel that this is a modest demand that we make.

4. We want decent housing, fit for shelter of human beings.

We believe that if the white landlords will not give decent housing to our black community, then the housing and the land should be made into cooperatives so that our community, with government aid, can build and make decent housing for its people.

5. We want education for our people that exposes the true nature of this decadent American society. We want education that teaches us our true history and our role in the present-day society.

We believe in an educational system that will give to our people a knowledge of self. If a man does not have knowledge of himself and his position in society and the world, then he has little chance to relate to anything else.

6. We want all black men to be exempt from military service.

We believe that black people should not be forced to fight in the military service to defend a racist government that does not protect us. We will not fight and kill other people of color in the world who, like black people, are being victimized by the white racist government of America. We will protect ourselves from the force and violence of the racist police and the racist military, by whatever means necessary.

7. We want an immediate end to POLICE BRUTALITY and MURDER of black people.

We believe we can end police brutality in our black community by organizing black self-defense groups that are dedicated to defending our black community from racist police oppression and brutality. The Second Amendment to the Constitution of the United States gives a right to bear arms. We therefore believe that all black people should arm themselves for self defense.

8. We want freedom for all black men held in federal, state, county and city prisons and jails.

We believe that all black people should be released from the many jails and prisons because they have not received a fair and impartial trial.

9. We want all black people when brought to trial to be tried in court by a jury of their peer group or people from their black communities, as defined by the Constitution of the United States.

We believe that the courts should follow the United States Constitution so that black people will receive fair trials. The 14th Amendment of the U.S. Constitution gives a man a right to be tried by his peer group. A peer is a person from a similar economic, social, religious, geographical, environmental, historical and racial background. To do this the court will be forced to select a jury from the black community from which the black defendant came. We have been, and are being tried by all-white juries that have no understanding of the “average reasoning man” of the black community.

10. We want land, bread, housing, education, clothing, justice and peace. And as our major political objective, a United Nations-supervised plebiscite to be held throughout the black colony in which only black colonial subjects will be allowed to participate for the purpose of determining the will of black people as to their national destiny.

When in the course of human events, it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another, and to assume, among the powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to which the laws of nature and nature’s God entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel them to the separation.

We hold these truths to be self evident, that all men are created equal; that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights; that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. That, to secure these rights, governments are instituted among men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed; that, whenever any form of government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the right of the people to alter or to abolish it, and to institute a new government, laying its foundation on such principles, and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their safety and happiness. Prudence, indeed, will dictate that governments long established should not be changed for light and transient causes; and accordingly, all experience hath shown, that mankind are more disposed to suffer, while evils are sufferable, than to right themselves by abolishing the forms to which they are accustomed. But, when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariable the same object, evinces a design to reduce them under absolute despotism, it is their right, it is their duty, to throw off such government, and to provide new guards for their future security.

====

All Power To All The People!
Bobby Seale
http://bobbyseale.com/

=======

#blackpantherparty #bobbyseale #blackpanthers #blackhistory
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